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Author (up) Abhish Khanal; Deepak Chand; Prakash Chaudhary; Subash Timilsina; Sanjeeb Prasad Panday; Aman Shakya; Rom Kant Pandey pdf  isbn
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  Title Search Disaster Victims using Sound Source Localization Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 1022-1030  
  Keywords Sound Source Localization (SSL); Omni-Directional Drive; Disaster Victim; Generalized Cross Correlation Phase Transform (GCC-PHAT)  
  Abstract Sound Source Localization (SSL) are used to estimate the position of sound sources. Various methods have been used for detecting sound and its localization. This paper presents a system for stationary sound source localization by cubical microphone array consisting of eight microphones placed on four vertical adjacent faces which is mounted on three wheel omni-directional drive for the inspection and monitoring of the disaster victims in disaster areas. The proposed method localizes sound source on a 3D space by grid search method using Generalized Cross Correlation Phase Transform (GCC-PHAT) which is robust when operating in real life scenario where there is lack of visibility. The computed azimuth and elevation angle of victimized human voice are fed to embedded omni-directional drive system which navigates the vehicle automatically towards the stationary sound source.  
  Address Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Sanothimi Campus, Tribhuvan University  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-92 ISBN 2411-3478 Medium  
  Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes 072bex402@ioe.edu.np Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2293  
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Author (up) Harrison Cole pdf  isbn
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  Title Accessible Mitigation Planning: Tactile Hazard Map Design and Evaluation Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 1031-1037  
  Keywords Cartography; Accessibility; Disability; Tactile; Mitigation Planning  
  Abstract While creating a community hazard mitigation plan (HMP) has become recognized as a key component of successful disaster management, significant portions of the process are often inaccessible to people with vision disabilities. Maps in particular are often large, visually dense documents that are printed on two-dimensional paper, or distributed via PDF with no alternate text. For people with profound low vision or who are blind, alternative media is required. The research discussed here proposes that tactile maps may present an accessible and cost-effective medium for representing geospatial data relevant to the hazard mitigation planning process. Using flood insurance rate maps (FIRMs) distributed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as a starting point, this paper proposes an evaluatory framework for transcribing conventional maps into tactile documents, as well as characterizing users' experiences using them for mitigation planning, directions for future research and generalizing the process for applications in other domains.  
  Address The Pennsylvania State University  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-93 ISBN 2411-3479 Medium  
  Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes harrisoncole@psu.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2294  
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Author (up) Jonas Höchst; Lars Baumgartner; Franz Kuntke; Alvar Penning; Artur Sterz; Bernd Freisleben pdf  isbn
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  Title LoRa-based Device-to-Device Smartphone Communication for Crisis Scenarios Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 996-1011  
  Keywords LoRa, Disaster Communication, Device-To-Device Communication.  
  Abstract In this paper, we present an approach to facilitate long-range device-to-device communication via smartphones in crisis scenarios. Through a custom firmware for low-cost LoRa capable micro-controller boards, called rf95modem, common devices for end users can be enabled to use LoRa through a Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, or serial connection. We present two applications utilizing the flexibility provided by the proposed firmware. First, we introduce a novel device-to-device LoRa chat application that works a) on the two major mobile platforms Android and iOS and b) on traditional computers like notebooks using a console-based interface. Second, we demonstrate how other infrastructure-less technology can benefit from our approach by integrating it into the DTN7 delay-tolerant networking software. The firmware, the device-to-device chat application, the integration into DTN7, as well as the experimental evaluation code fragments are available under permissive open-source licenses.  
  Address University of Marbur, Germany Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany; Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany; Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany; University of Marburg, Germany; University of Marburg, Germany Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany; University of Marburg, Germany Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-90 ISBN 2411-3476 Medium  
  Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes hoechst@informatik.uni-marburg.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2291  
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Author (up) Pouyan Fotouhi Tehrani; Niklas von Kalckreuth; Selma Lamprecht pdf  isbn
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  Title Toward an Integrative Model of Trust for Digital Emergency Communication Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 1012-1021  
  Keywords Trust; Emergency Management; Digital Communication; Modeling  
  Abstract Digital technologies have become an integral enabler of communication during various phases of emergency management (EM). A crucial prerequisite of effective communication between authorities and the public during EM is the establishment of adequate mutual trust. Trust, however, is an elusive concept which is not easily translatable into technical settings. In this paper we propose an integrative model of trust in digital communication and show how such model can be advantageous in assessing and improving trust relations in context of EM. Our interdisciplinary model, which is based on findings from psychology, sociology and computer sciences provides an abstraction which not only seizes both subjective and objective as well as personal and non-personal, \eg institutional or cultural, aspects of trust but at the same time is concrete enough to be applicable to real-life scenarios.  
  Address Weizenbaum Institute, Fraunhofer FOKUS; Weizenbaum Institute, Humboldt University Berlin; Weizenbaum Institute, Fraunhofer FOKUS  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-91 ISBN 2411-3477 Medium  
  Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes pouyan.fotouhi.tehrani@fokus.fraunhofer.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2292  
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Author (up) Terje Gjøsæter; Jaziar Radianti; Weiqin Chen pdf  isbn
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  Title Towards Situational Disability-aware Universally Designed Information Support Systems for Enhanced Situational Awareness Type Conference Article
  Year 2021 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2021  
  Volume Issue Pages 1038-1047  
  Keywords Situational Awareness; Situational Disabilities; Universal Design; Decision Making; Process Model  
  Abstract This paper takes on the challenge of designing situational awareness information systems that take into account not only the prevalence of so-called demons of situational awareness, but also situational disabilities that will typically occur in a disaster situation, both in the control room and in the field among the general public as well as first responders. It further outlines how a situational awareness information system process model can be adapted and used as a basis for designing situational awareness information support systems that address these issues with the help of Universal Design principles.  
  Address Oslo Metropolitan University; University of Agder; Oslo Metropolitan University  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-94 ISBN 2411-3480 Medium  
  Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes tergjo@oslomet.no Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2295  
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