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Author (up) Richard McCreadie; Cody Buntain; Ian Soboroff pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Incident Streams 2019: Actionable Insights and How to Find Them Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 744-760  
  Keywords Emergency Management, Crisis Informatics, Real-time, Twitter, Categorization.  
  Abstract The ubiquity of mobile internet-enabled devices combined with wide-spread social media use during emergencies is posing new challenges for response personnel. In particular, service operators are now expected to monitor these online channels to extract actionable insights and answer questions from the public. A lack of adequate tools makes this monitoring impractical at the scale of many emergencies. The TREC Incident Streams (TREC-IS) track drives research into solving this technology gap by bringing together academia and industry to develop techniques for extracting actionable insights from social media streams during emergencies. This paper covers the second year of TREC-IS, hosted in 2019 with two editions, 2019-A and 2019-B, contributing 12 new events and approximately 20,000 new tweets across 25 information categories, with 15 research groups participating across the world. This paper provides an overview of these new editions, actionable insights from data labelling, and the automated techniques employed by participant systems that appear most effective.  
  Address University of Glasgow; InfEco Lab, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT); National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-67 ISBN 2411-3453 Medium  
  Track Social Media for Disaster Response and Resilie Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes richard.mccreadie@glasgow.ac.uk Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2268  
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Author (up) Richard McCreadie; Cody Buntain; Ian Soboroff pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title TREC Incident Streams: Finding Actionable Information on Social Media Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Emergency Management, Crisis Informatics, Real-time, Twitter, Categorization  
  Abstract The Text Retrieval Conference (TREC) Incident Streams track is a new initiative that aims to mature social

media-based emergency response technology. This initiative advances the state of the art in this area through an

evaluation challenge, which attracts researchers and developers from across the globe. The 2018 edition of the track

provides a standardized evaluation methodology, an ontology of emergency-relevant social media information types,

proposes a scale for information criticality, and releases a dataset containing fifteen test events and approximately

20,000 labeled tweets. Analysis of this dataset reveals a significant amount of actionable information on social

media during emergencies (> 10%). While this data is valuable for emergency response efforts, analysis of the

39 state-of-the-art systems demonstrate a performance gap in identifying this data. We therefore find the current

state-of-the-art is insufficient for emergency respondersí requirements, particularly for rare actionable information

for which there is little prior training data available.
 
  Address University of Glasgow, United Kingdom;New York University, USA;National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1867  
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