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Author (up) Abbas Ganji; Negin Alimohammadi; Scott Miles pdf 
  Title Challenges in Community Resilience Planning and Opportunities with Simulation Modeling Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 483-496  
  Keywords Community resilience; human-centered design; interface design; simulation modeling; recovery planning  
  Abstract The importance of community resilience has become increasingly recognized in emergency management and community well-being after disasters. With this regard, three seismic resilience planning initiatives were conducted in the US in last ten years to assess and present current state and propose desired level of community resilience. Experts who participated these planning initiatives faced to some challenges that can be addressed for further planning initiatives. We interviewed with the participants to learn the planning process and figure out characteristics and challenges involved with this process. Conducting qualitative content analysis of the transcribed interviews, we provide these challenges.

Additionally, we discuss the advantages of using simulation modeling to facilitate this collaborative planning. We argue that while simulation modeling has the capability to overcome many of observed challenges, it is required to be designed deliberately to be best usable for experts. We refer it as Human-Centered Simulation Modeling.
 
  Address University of Washington, United States of America  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T7- Planning, Foresight and Risk Analysis Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes ganjia@uw.edu; ngn.alimohamadi@gmail.com; milessb@uw.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1736  
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Author (up) Abbas Ganji; Tom Wilson; Sonia Saveli; Dharma Dailey; Mark Haselkorn pdf 
  Title Cause and Effect: A Qualitative Analysis of Obstacles to Information Sharing During a Regional Disaster Exercise Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 159-172  
  Keywords Information Sharing; Disaster Response; Qualitative Analysis; Collaboration; Coordination  
  Abstract After large-scale disasters, diverse partner agencies rely heavily on an information-sharing environment that supports collaborative work. In the U.S., this occurs under the Incident Command System (ICS), a structured organizational framework for coordinated action. We explore obstacles to information sharing and coordination observed at a county-level Emergency Operations Center (EOC) operating under ICS during the response phase of a large-scale regional disaster exercise. Textual observations collected in situ are analyzed for both the effect/manifestation and cause/source of barriers to information sharing. Two-thirds of barriers that manifest as computational issues are not caused by technology breakdowns, and a third caused by unclear processes manifest as computational issues. Overall, obstacles to collaborative work that appear to be related to computational issues are generally attributable to non-technical causes. This indicates that resources directed at improving collaborative management of disasters by enhancing technological capabilities are likely to be misdirected.  
  Address University of Washington, United States of America  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T2- Command and control studies Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes ganjia@uw.edu; tomwi@uw.edu; ssavelli@uw.edu; ddailey@uw.edu; markh@uw.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1709  
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Author (up) Ahmed Abdeltawab Abdelgawad; Jose J. Gonzalez pdf 
  Title Reliability of expert estimates of cascading failures in Critical Infrastructure Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 2-21  
  Keywords Expert assessment; Desktop exercise; Tabletop exercise; Modeling and simulation; Dynamic complexity  
  Abstract Even though satellite-based positioning technology allows rescue workers to already operate efficiently, GPS availability, reliability, and accuracy are often poor during fire operations, for example due to thick smoke, dense forests, rough terrain and inside buildings. In this context, the objective of AIOSAT (Autonomous Indoor & Outdoor Safety Tracking System) is to progress beyond the state of the art by defining the AIOSAT concept that aims to overcome aforementioned limitations of GNSS usage in rescue interventions. For this purpose, GNSS positions are enhanced with EGNOS and fused with position information inferred from IMU and RF  
  Address Centre for Integrated Emergency Management (CIEM), University of Agder, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T1- Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes ahmedg@uia.no; jose.j.gonzalez@uia.no Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1697  
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Author (up) Ahmed Abdeltawab Abdelgawad; Tina Comes pdf 
  Title Evaluation Framework for the iTRACK Integrated System Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1160-1172  
  Keywords Evaluation Framework; Software Testing; Software Usability; Software Usefulness; Humanitarian Disaster  
  Abstract Evaluation and testing are major steps in the development of any information system, particularly if it is to be used in high-risk contexts such as conflicts. While thus far there are various approaches for testing against technology requirements; usability or usefulness, there is a lack of a comprehensive evaluation framework that combines the three elements. The lack of such a framework and commonly agreed standards constitutes a barrier for innovation, and at the same time imposes risks to responders if the technology is introduced without proper testing. This paper aims to close this gap. Based on a reviewing of evaluation methods and measurement metrics, we design a comprehensive evaluation framework including common code quality testing metrics, usability testing methods, subjective usefulness questionnaires, and performance indicators. We demonstrate our approach by using the example of an integrated system for the safety and security of humanitarian missions, and we highlight how our approach allows measuring the system’s quality and usefulness.  
  Address Centre for Integrated Emergency Management (CIEM), University of Agder, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T12- Tool Talks Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes ahmedg@uia.no; tina.comes@uia.no Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1796  
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Author (up) Ahmed Abouzeid(1, 2); Ole-Christoffer Granmo(1, 2); Christian Webersik(2) Morten Goodwin(1, 2) pdf 
  Title Distributed Learning Automata-based Intelligence for Propagation-based Fake News Detection on Social Media During Crisis Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1403-1404  
  Keywords  
  Abstract One of the recently revealed approaches to social media fake news detection is the propagation-based approach. The assumption is that information trustworthiness evidence could be unveiled by investigating different opinions and contradictions. In propagation-based methods, credibility networks are built to employ optimization techniques over different pieces of news giving the underlying point of view. Mining different viewpoints and reactions to news are referred to as stance detection tasks. However, stance detection models are not either robust enough nor generalized on different datasets, since they are highly dependent on the specific training data feature space. That introduces the first challenge to propagation-based fake news detection. Another challenging and maybe avoided issue is the problem of biased opinions or accounts.  
  Address (1) CAIR – University of Agder; (2) CIEM – University of Agder  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes ahmed.abouzeid@uia.no; ole.granmo@uia.no; christian.webersik@uia.no; morten.goodwin@uia.no Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1831  
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Author (up) Alexander Gabriel; Andreas Lotter; Frank Fiedrich pdf 
  Title CroMa – Crowd Management in Transportation Infrastructures Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1379-1380  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The high and continuously rising number of passengers using public transportation in Germany is leading to an expansion of the services offered by public transport operators. The existing transportation infrastructures, especially the railway stations, can only partly cope with this rapid growth in passenger volume. Overcrowding on platforms and access routes is already occurring, especially in the event of operational disruptions by natural disasters or major public events. This crowding may lead to passenger injuries or to a standstill of operations for safety reasons. The collaborative research project “Crowd-Management in Transportation Infrastructures – CroMa” aims at improving the robustness, safety and performance of railway stations during peak loads. For this purpose, improved building regulations, suitable crowd management as well as guidelines for risk management, resilience and inter-organizational information management will be developed  
  Address University of Wuppertal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes gabriel@uni-wuppertal.de; lotter@uni-wuppertal.de; fiedrich@uni-wuppertal.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1819  
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Author (up) Amanda Jaber; Björn Johan Erik Johansson; Linnea Bergsten; Joeri Laere van; Peter Berggren pdf 
  Title Evaluating the observation protocol of the Team Resilience Assessment Method for Simulation (TRAMS) Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 218-229  
  Keywords Simulation games; training; Systemic Resilience Model; team resilience; assessment  
  Abstract This work in progress paper presents an initial evaluation of the observation protocol of the Team Resilience Assessment Method for Simulation (TRAMS) conducted in a crisis response simulation project. TRAMS is designed to assess the resilience of crisis response teams. The TRAMS observation protocol uses six core resilience functions from the Systemic Resilience Model as its theoretical foundation. Three independent observers used the protocol during a pilot study and six actual simulation games. Strategies relating to three out of six core resilience functions could be identified. The observations made were distributed similarly among the observers, indicating that the components of the TRAMS protocol are stable enough to continue developing the protocol. This study describes changes made to the protocol since the original design, and describes how the strategies relating to the six core resilience functions can be identified in the simulation games.  
  Address (1) Linköping University, Sweden; (2) Skövde University, Sweden  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T2- Command and control studies Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes amaja463@student.liu.se; bjorn.j.johansson@liu.se; linbe360@student.liu.se; joeri.van.laere@his.se; peter.berggren@liu.se Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1714  
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Author (up) Amanda Langer; Marc-André Kaufhold; Elena Maria Runft; Christian Reuter; Margarita Grinko; Volkmar Pipek pdf 
  Title Counter Narratives in Social Media: An Empirical Study on Combat and Prevention of Terrorism Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 746-755  
  Keywords Counter Narratives; Online Campaign; Social Media; Terrorism; Radicalisation  
  Abstract social media is used for recruitment and radicalization of susceptible target groups. Counter narratives are trying to disclose the illusion created by radical and extremist groups through a purposive and educational counter statement, and to initiate a rethinking in the affected individuals via thought-provoking impulses and advice. This study investigates counter narrative campaigns in their fight and prevention against terrorism with regard to content and success criteria based on posts in social media. Posts with strong emotions and a personal reference to affected individuals achieved the highest impact and most reactions from the target group. Furthermore, our results illustrate that counter narratives can be an efficient method to fight terrorism and to prevent target groups from a potential radicalization, while the different dynamics and aims of counter narratives and social media interfere with each other.  
  Address (1) University of Siegen, Institute for Information Systems, Germany; (2) Technische Universität Darmstadt, Science and Technology for Peace and Security (PEASEC), Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes amanda.langer@uni-siegen.de; marc.kaufhold@uni-siegen.de; elena.runft@student.uni-siegen.de; reuter@peasec.tu-darmstadt.de; margarita.grinko@student.uni-siegen.de; volkmar.pipek@uni-siegen.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1757  
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Author (up) Ana Gabriela Núñez Avila; Mª Carmen Penadés Gramage pdf 
  Title Towards an organization certified in emergency plans management Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 559-565  
  Keywords Emergency Plans Management; Total Quality Management; Maturity Levels; Techniques; Certification  
  Abstract QuEP is a framework that guides organizations in assessing and improving their emergency plan management by following a set of principles, practices, and techniques at the dierent maturity levels established in the QuEP model. Its main objective is to be applied to real cases to discover the state of an organization’s emergency plan management and recommend techniques for improvement. In this paper, we describe the first application of QuEP as a prior step to its implementation and possible use in official certifications for emergency plans with a guarantee of quality. So, we have applied a real case in a UPV building towards the certification of the emergency plan management.  
  Address Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T7- Planning, Foresight and Risk Analysis Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes anunez@dsic.upv.es; mpenades@dsic.upv.es Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1742  
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Author (up) Ana Rodríguez-Hoyos; José Estrada-Jiménez; David Rebollo-Monedero; Jordi Forné; Rubén Trapero Burgos; Antonio Álvarez Romero; Rodrigo Diaz Rodríguez pdf 
  Title Anonymizing Cybersecurity Data in Critical Infrastructures: The CIPSEC Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1198-1208  
  Keywords privacy; critical infrastructures; data anonymization; CIPSEC; security logs  
  Abstract Cybersecurity logs are permanently generated by network devices to describe security incidents. With modern computing technology, such logs can be exploited to counter threats in real time or before they gain a foothold. To improve these capabilities, logs are usually shared with external entities. However, since cybersecurity logs might contain sensitive data, serious privacy concerns arise, even more when critical infrastructures (CI), handling strategic data, are involved. We propose a tool to protect privacy by anonymizing sensitive data included in cybersecurity logs. We implement anonymization mechanisms grouped through the definition of a privacy policy. We adapt said approach to the context of the EU project CIPSEC that builds a unified security framework to orchestrate security products, thus offering better protection to a group of CIs. Since this framework collects and processes security-related data from multiple devices of CIs, our work is devoted to protecting privacy by integrating our anonymization approach.  
  Address (1) Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, España; (2) Escuela Politécnica Nacional (EPN), Quito, Ecuador;t (3) ATOS, Madrid, España  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T13 - Privacy Risk Management in Critical Infrastructures Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes ana.rodriguez@epn.edu.ec; jose.estrada@epn.edu.ec; david.rebollo@entel.upc.edu; jforne@entel.upc.edu; ruben.trapero@atos.net; antonio.alvarez@atos.net; rodrigo.diaz@atos.net Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1799  
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Author (up) Anna Kruspe; Jens Kersten; Friederike Klan pdf 
  Title Detecting event-related tweets by example using few-shot models Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 825-835  
  Keywords Social media; Twitter; Relevance; Keywords; Hashtags; Few-shot models; One-class classification  
  Abstract However, it is a bit naive hypothesis since biased and misleading viewpoints would be the majority in many cases. The aim of our study is to develop a robust propagation-based fake news detection model that remains accurate regardless of the above-mentioned challenges. For that, we will simulate different use cases with biased and misleading stances  
  Address German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes anna.kruspe@dlr.de; jens.kersten@dlr.de; friederike.klan@dlr.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1764  
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Author (up) Anying Chen; Guofeng Su; Manchun Liang pdf 
  Title Simulation of Crowd Response During Emergency Considering People’s Rational and Irrational Thinking Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 126-138  
  Keywords Crowd response; simulation; emergency; herd effect.  
  Abstract Human beings have been facing numerous emergencies which could threaten their property or even their lives in all ages. In order to learn how people respond to the emergencies like earthquakes and fire disasters, a two-stage simulation considering people’s rational and irrational thinking was conducted. Results show that people’s irrational thinking, like the herd effect, could exaggerate people’s behavior of conformity, and it changes the spatial features that stronger herd effect leads to higher cohesion level. It is also worth mentioning that crowd response under condition of smaller population is harder to predict because of its instability, and the response of the very first part of people who make decisions could make great changes to the whole crowd’s response. These results could give some enlightenment on the evacuation instruction during emergencies and future research works.  
  Address Tsinghua University, People's Republic of China  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T1- Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes cay1124@163.com; sugf@tsinghua.edu.cn; lmc@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1706  
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Author (up) Asmelash Teka Hadgu; Sallam Abualhaija; Claudia Niederée pdf 
  Title Real-time Adaptive Crawler for Tracking Unfolding Events on Twitter Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 923-931  
  Keywords social search; real-time adaptive search; event tracking; crsis communication  
  Abstract When a major event such as a crisis situation occurs, people post messages on social media sites such as Twitter, in order to exchange information or to share emotions. These posts can provide useful information to raise situation awareness and support decision making. In this paper, we propose a novel method for social media crawling, which exploits a Bayesian inference framework to keep track of keyword changes over time and uses a counter-stream for keeping the inclusion of noise and irrelevant information under control. In addition, we contribute to another still under-developed area for adaptive crawling, namely systematic evaluation of recall. We come up with a framework to evaluate real-time adaptive social search algorithms in a reproducible manner, which relies on a semi-automated approach for ground-truth construction. We show that our method outperforms previous methods for very large scale events.  
  Address (1) L3S Research Center, Leibniz universität Hannover, Germany; (2) Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes teka@L3S.de; sallam.abualhaija@uni.lu; niederee@L3S.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1774  
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Author (up) Aurélie Congès; Frédérick Bénaben; Olivier Pierre; Francis Savic; Olivier Chabiron; Matthieu Lauras pdf 
  Title On the usage of Virtual Reality for Crisis Management exercises in Critical Industrial Sites Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1260-1268  
  Keywords Virtual reality; training; coordination  
  Abstract EGCERSIS is a starting research program aiming at defining a virtual collaborative training space for crisis management. It should provide the users (first and second aid, firefighters, etc.) with a way to virtually perform operational and strategic tasks of crisis management in digital twins of critical infrastructures. The training system is structured according to four main components: (i) protocol and tools for digital twins generation, (ii) scenario editor dedicated to defining crisis use-cases within the modeled digital twins, (iii) integration with the technological crisis management platform (RIO-Suite), and (iv) monitoring component in charge of the continuous edition of dashboards (real-time and afterward). The main expected benefit of the EGCERSIS program is to create a breakthrough in the way training and exercises are performed in critical sites.  
  Address (1) IMT Mines Albi, France; (2) Immersive Factory; (3) Report One  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T14 - Protecting Critical Infrastructures in Crisis Situations Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes aurelie.conges@mines-albi.fr; frederick.benaben@mines-albi.fr; opierre@immersivefactory.com; fsavic@report-one.com; ochabiron@immersivefactory.com; matthieu.lauras@mines-albi.fr Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1804  
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Author (up) Axel Dierich; Katerina Tzavella; Neysa Jacqueline Setiadi; Alexander Fekete; Florian Neisser pdf 
  Title Enhanced Crisis-Preparation of Critical Infrastructures through a Participatory Qualitative-Quantitative Interdependency Analysis Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1226-1244  
  Keywords Critical Infrastructure Protection; Interdependency; Resilience; Vulnerability; Cascading Effects; Emergency Management; Participatory Approach  
  Abstract Critical Infrastructure (CI) failures are aggravated by cascading effects due to interdependencies between different infrastructure systems and with emergency management. Findings of the German, BMBF-funded research project “CIRMin” highlight needs for concrete assessments of such interdependencies. Driven by challenges of limited data and knowledge accessibility, the developed approach integrates qualitative information from expert interviews and discussions with quantitative, place-based analyses in three selected German cities and an adjacent county. This paper particularly discusses how the mixed methods approach has been operationalized. Based on anonymized findings, it provides a comprehensive guidance to interdependency analysis, from survey and categorization of system elements and interrelations, their possible mutual impacts, to zooming into selected dependencies through GIS mapping. This facilitates reliably assessing the need for maintenance of critical functionalities in crisis situations, available resources, auxiliary powers, and optimization of response time.  
  Address (1) inter 3 Institute for Resource Management, Germany; (2) Technische Hochschule Köln, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T14 - Protecting Critical Infrastructures in Crisis Situations Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes dierich@inter3.de; katerina.tzavella@th-koeln.de; neysajacqueline@yahoo.com; alexander.fekete@th-koeln.de; florian.neisser@th-koeln.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1801  
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Author (up) Bas Lijnse pdf 
  Title Robust Private Web Maps with Open Tools and Open Data Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1140-1150  
  Keywords Maps; Web-Based Systems; Tools; Open Data; OpenStreetMap  
  Abstract Crisis management information often has a geospatial dimension that allows it to be visualized on a map. As more and more systems are developed as web-based applications, maps have also become a common sight in such applications. The de-facto solution to add maps to web-based applications is to integrate a third-party service. For web-based crisis management information systems, this approach has two disadvantages. First, the third-party service must be available and reachable. Second, by using third-party services you implicitly share what you are viewing, with the risk of unintentionally exposing sensitive location information. In this Tool Talks paper, we show how to create a robust and private alternative for web-based maps using open source tools and open data.  
  Address Netherlands Defence Academy / Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands, The  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T12- Tool Talks Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes bas@baslijnse.nl Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1794  
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Author (up) Basanta Chaulagain; Aman Shakya; Bhuwan Bhatt; Dip Kiran Pradhan Newar; Sanjeeb; Prasad Panday; Rom Kant Pandey pdf 
  Title Casualty Information Extraction and Analysis from News Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1002-1011  
  Keywords casualty; information extraction; news articles; casualty data visualization  
  Abstract During unforeseen situations of crisis such as disasters and accidents we usually have to rely on local news reports for the latest updates on casualties. The information in such feeds is in unstructured text format, however, structured data is required for analysis and visualization. This paper presents a system for automatic extraction and visualization of casualty information from news articles. A prototype online system has been implemented and tested with local news feed of road accidents. The system extracts information regarding number of deaths, injuries, date, location, and vehicles involved using techniques like Named Entity Recognition, Semantic Role Labelling and Regular expressions. The extracted entities were manually annotated and compared with the results obtained from the system. Initial results are promising with good accuracy overall. Moreover, the system maintains an online database of casualties and provides information visualization and filtering interfaces for analysis.  
  Address Dept. of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Nepal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T10- Knowledge, Semantics and AI for RISK and CRISIS management Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes 071bct510@pcampus.edu.np; aman.shakya@ioe.edu.np; 071bct511@pcampus.edu.np; 071bct516dip@pcampus.edu.np; sanjeeb@ioe.edu.np; romkant@gmail.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1782  
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Author (up) Bjørn Erik Munkvold; Jaziar Radianti; Jan Ketil Rød; Tomasz Opach; Mikael Snaprud; Sofie Pilemalm; Deborah Bunker pdf 
  Title Sharing Incident and Threat Information for Common Situational Understanding Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1357-1363  
  Keywords Common operational picture; situational awareness; collaboration support; geographic information systems; terminology harmonisation  
  Abstract This paper presents the INSITU research project initiated to provide a systematic approach for effective sharing, integration and use of information from different sources, to establish a common operational picture (COP) and shared situational understanding among multiple actors in emergency response. The solution developed will provide an interactive map display, integrating harmonisation of terminology and collaboration support for information sharing and synthesis. The enhanced COP will also support evaluation and learning from exercises and incidents. The project involves close collaboration with emergency management stakeholders in Norway, for requirements analysis, participatory design, and validation of project deliverables. The research will improve information sharing and decision support in emergency operations centres, which will contribute to improve societal resilience through more effective response capability.  
  Address (1) CIEM, University of Agder; (2) Norwegian University of Science and Technology; (3) Tingtun AS; (4) CARER, Linköping University; (5) University of Sydney  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T15- Open Track Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes bjorn.e.munkvold@uia.no; jaziar.radianti@uia.no; jan.rod@ntnu.no; tomasz.opach@ntnu.no; mikael.snaprud@tingtun.no; sofie.pilemalm@liu.se; deborah.bunker@sydney.edu.au Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1813  
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Author (up) Carlo Dambra; Alex Gralewski; Jordi Arias pdf 
  Title LETSCROWD: Dynamic Risk Assessment for Mass Gatherings Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1369-1370  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Risks for crowd in mass gathering events are so called “High Impact Low Probability” risks (e.g. terrorism, lone wolfs, domestic extremisms) and therefore managing them accordingly, i.e. without a sufficient statistics, means to “seek a method that leads us to make the least egregious errors in decision-making across the range of possible scenarios that might develop in the future” (Willis, et al., 2005). Thus, the LETSCROWD project proposes an innovative Dynamic Risk Assessment (DRA) methodology for Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) to assess risks for the crowd on the basis of dynamically collected information to minimise decision-making errors across the possible scenarios that might develop in the critical time frame from the event planning to the event execution  
  Address (1) ZenaByte s.r.l.; (2) PROPRS Ltd.; (3) ETRA I+D S.A.;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes carlo.dambra@zenabyte.com; alex.gralewski@proprs.com; jarias.etraid@grupoetra.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1814  
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Author (up) Carole Adam; Eric Andonoff pdf 
  Title Vigi Flood: a serious game for understanding the challenges of crisis communication Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 338-351  
  Keywords Flash floods; crisis communication; trust; agent-based modelling and simulation; serious game  
  Abstract Emergency managers receive risk communication training about the importance of being 'first, right and credible', which is not easy. For instance, in October 2018, the Aude department in the South-West of France was hit by intense rain. Flash floods were hard to forecast and only the 'orange' level of vigilance could be raised initially, but the population dismissed this very usual warning in that season. The 'red' level was then raised too late, leading to high criticism. The main problem here is the loss of trust induced by too many 'false alarms'. In this paper we propose a serious game called VigiFlood for raising awareness in the population about the difficulty of crisis communication and their own responsibility for reacting to the alerts. The implemented game still has limited functionality but already shows interesting results in helping the user to visualise and understand the trust dynamics.  
  Address (1) University Grenoble-Alpes, France; (2) University Toulouse-Capitole, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T5- Intelligent and Semantic Web Systems Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes carole.adam.rmit@gmail.com; Eric.Andonoff@ut-capitole.fr Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1725  
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Author (up) Carolin Klonner; Luca Blessing pdf 
  Title Gathering Local Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction: The Use of Sketch Maps in Group Discussions Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1397-1398  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Participatory approaches can be applied to investigate the geospatial knowledge and risk perception of citizens in disaster-affected regions. Knowledge gained this way can improve, for example, the precision of official risk maps for specific locations. A dialogue between researchers, citizens, and centers of expertise can be established, which enables exchange around recommendations for measures of disaster risk reduction on a local level. The presented approach is based on previous studies about the use of sketch maps for disaster risk reduction .These previous studies and related methods are further developed so that they can be used for group discussions. In this way, citizens can be involved in the whole disaster reduction process, which can help to motivate them to take own mitigation measures. Our approach offers automatic georeferencing and color detection. This enables a fast processing of the data and efficient use for disaster management. Moreover, the approach is paper-based in order to include marginalized groups, which do not have knowledge of specific technologies or access to the internet  
  Address Institute of Geography, Heidelberg, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes c.klonner@uni-heidelberg.de; luca.blessing@stud.uni-heidelberg.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1827  
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Author (up) Cendrella Chahine; Thierry Vidal; François Peres; Mohamad El Falou pdf 
  Title Multi-agent planning and execution with risk analysis and multi-criteria optimization: the case of rescue plans to environmental and humanitarian crises Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 1377-1378  
  Keywords Crisis management; Multi-agent system; dynamic planning and scheduling  
  Abstract A disaster seriously disrupts the functioning of a society and generates human, material and economic losses. Unfortunately, some are weakly predictable such as the terrorist. But even the predictable ones, like the cyclones whose intensity remains difficult to assess are not always easy to forecast in terms of damage. Over the past 10 years, disasters have killed more than 700,000 people worldwide, 1.4 million injured and total economic losses of more than 1,100 billion euros. Due to the sudden occurrence of disasters, the reaction must be quick and efficient as much as possible in order to minimize the human loss by providing help and rescue to the injured people. The main objective is to assist and take them as fast as possible to the nearest treatment center that can treat their cases. The presented work concerns the definition of a new decentralized model combining proactive-reactive approaches and Multi-agent systems (M.A.S) for solving the planning problem of a terrorist attack scenario. It is dedicated to present a PhD research work involving both The Production Engineering Laboratory in France and the research laboratory of the Lebanese-French University of Tripoli in Lebanon  
  Address (1) University of Toulouse, France; (2) Lebanese-French University of Tripoli, Lebanon  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes cchahine@enit.fr; thierry.vidal@enit.fr; francois.peres@enit.fr; mohamad.elfalou@gmail.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1818  
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Author (up) Christelle Pierkot; Sidonie Christophe; Jean François Girres pdf 
  Title Exploring multiplexing tools for co-visualization in crisis units Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 403-420  
  Keywords geovisualization; multiplexing tools; crisis management.  
  Abstract Natural hazards can generate damages in large inhabited areas in a very short time period. Crisis managers must plan interventions very quickly to facilitate the arrival of the first emergency. In a crisis unit, experts visualize heterogeneous visual representations of spatio-temporal information, in order to facilitate decision making, based on various types of screens, i.e. laptops, tablets, or wall screens. Visualizing all this information at the same time on the same interface would lead to cognitive overload. In this paper, we assume that it could be of interest to provide innovative co-visualization models and tools, to bring hazard, geospatial and climate information together, in a shared interface. We propose to explore spatial and temporal multiplexing tools within a dedicated geovisualization environment, in order to help expert decision making. The proposition is implemented with the case study of a tsunami event in the Caribbean sea.  
  Address (1) Univ. Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, IRD, UMR GRED 220, F34000 Montpellier, France; (2) Univ. Paris-Est, LASTIG GEOVIS, IGN, ENSG, F-94160 Saint-Mande, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T6- Geospatial Technologies and Geographic Information Science for Crisis Management (GIS) Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes christelle@pierkot.fr; Sidonie.Christophe@ign.fr; jean-francois.girres@univ-montp3.fr Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1730  
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Author (up) Christoph Amelunxen; Janina Isabella Sander pdf 
  Title Information collection using process visualisation in the risk management concept for emergency response Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 593-606  
  Keywords Pictogram-based process visualisation; risk management; risk identification; emergency response; CBRN  
  Abstract Security-critical processes of emergency response are part of a complex system of people, organisation and technology. They are often characterised by their own dynamics, interconnectedness and information deficits. In addition, a wide variety of stakeholders, some from different organisations, work together, each specialising in a specific area. In order to capture this (process-) knowledge in risk management, information from the experts is necessary. However, experts are difficult to access, often separated locally, cost-intensive and usually have little time (discussion-) capacity. A pictogram-based process visualisation was developed within the risk management concept. The method could be validated within a European project in an expert workshop. This was done using the example of a CBRN mass casualty incident. By using the methods presented, very good qualitative and quantitative results can be achieved from the perspectives of various organisations and their experts. The limited resource ”expert” is used optimally.  
  Address Paderborn University, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T7- Planning, Foresight and Risk Analysis Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes amelunxen@cik.upb.de; jisander@mail.upb.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1746  
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