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Author Pablo Acuña; Paloma Díaz; Ignacio Aedo pdf  openurl
  Title Development of a design patterns catalog for Web-based Emergency Management Systems Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Civil defense; Disasters; Human computer interaction; Information systems; Management information systems; Risk management; Websites; Design Patterns; Design Principles; Emergency management systems; Information sharing; Web designs; Information management  
  Abstract The design of Emergency Management Systems is an activity that requires knowledge from various related domains for providing a more complete and usable solution. In this context, design patterns including knowledge from previous experiences can be a useful source of information to support the development of this type of applications. In this paper, we introduce a catalog of design patterns for Web-based Emergency Management Systems collected from design principles, design patterns and existing implementations from involved areas, taking into account requirements particular to this domain.  
  Address Departamento de Informática, Universidad Carlos III, Madrid, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Human-Computer Interaction Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 251  
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Author Ignacio Aedo; Daniel Sanz; Paloma Díaz; Jorge De Castro pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Modelling emergency response communities using RBAC principles Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 – 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2006  
  Volume Issue Pages 426-434  
  Keywords Access control; Civil defense; Disasters; Information systems; Risk management; Development stages; Emergency management systems; Emergency response; Empirical evaluations; Levels of abstraction; Role-based Access Control; User centred design; Web engineering; Management information systems  
  Abstract One of the main design challenges of any Emergency Management System (EMS) is the diversity of users and responsibilities that must be considered. Modelling the access capabilities of different communities of users is a relevant concern for which the RBAC (Role-Based Access Control) paradigm provides flexible and powerful constructs. In this paper we describe how we used an RBAC meta-model to specify at different levels of abstraction the access policy of a specific EMS called ARCE (Aplicación en Red para Casos de Emergencia). This approach has made it possible to face access modelling at earlier development stages, so that stakeholders got involved in analytical and empirical evaluations to test the correctness and effectiveness of the access policy. Moreover, since the RBAC meta-model is embedded into a web engineering method, we put into practice a holistic process which addresses different design perspectives (structure, navigation, presentation, interaction and access) in an integrated way.  
  Address Laboratorio DEI, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain; Dirección General de Protección Civil, Ministerio del Interior, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Newark, NJ Editor B. Van de Walle, M. Turoff  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9090206019; 9789090206011 Medium  
  Track COMMUNITIES IN EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT Expedition Conference 3rd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 257  
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Author Michael Alles; Alexander Kogan; Miklos Vasarhelyi; Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Murray Turoff pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Assuring homeland security: Continuous monitoring, control and assurance of Emergency Preparedness Type Conference Article
  Year 2004 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2004 – 1st International Workshop on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2004  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-7  
  Keywords Civil defense; Information systems; Risk management; Assurance; Continuous auditing; Crisis management; Emergency management; Emergency response; Emergency services  
  Abstract This paper examines the potential relationships of Auditing and Emergency Preparedness with respect to the domain of the design of Emergency Response Information Systems. It proposes normative objectives for the integration of all these areas in the design of future organizational systems. It also proposes a series of steps to evolve in this direction and create a new interdisciplinary professional community to guide research and development for this field of endeavor. © Proceedings ISCRAM 2004.  
  Address Accounting Information Systems, Rutgers University, United States; Department of Information Systems, New Jersey Institute of Technology, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971080 Medium  
  Track Conference Keynote Expedition Conference 1st International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 71  
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Author Michael Ammann; Tuomas Peltonen; Juhani Lahtinen; Kaj Vesterbacka; Tuula Summanen; Markku Seppänen; Pilvi Siljamo; Annakaisa Sarkanen; Minna Rantamäki pdf  openurl
  Title KETALE Web application to improve collaborative emergency management Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Civil defense; Data visualization; Decision support systems; Disasters; Information management; Information systems; Risk management; Weather forecasting; Collaboration; Collaborative decisions; Design and implementations; Distributed modeling; Emergency management; Operational aspects; Requirement analysis; WEB application; World Wide Web  
  Abstract KETALE is a database and web application intended to improve the collaborative decision support of the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) and of the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI). It integrates distributed modeling (weather forecasts and dispersion predictions by FMI, source term and dose assessments by STUK) and facilitates collaboration and sharing of information. It does so by providing functionalities for data acquisition, data management, data visualization, and data analysis. The report outlines the software development from requirement analysis to system design and implementation. Operational aspects and user experiences are presented in a separate report.  
  Address Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Finland; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Finland  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 264  
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Author Bo Andersson; Jonas Hedman pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Issues in the development of a mobile based communication platform for the swedish police force and appointed security guards Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 – 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2006  
  Volume Issue Pages 181-187  
  Keywords Cellular telephones; Civil defense; Disasters; E-learning; Law enforcement; Management information systems; Mobile phones; Risk management; Standards; Communication platforms; Emergency management; Information systems development; Learning experiences; Legal requirements; Mobile-based; Multimedia messages; National standard; Interoperability  
  Abstract This paper presents the learning experiences from the development of a mobile-based communication platform, called OrdningsVaktsCentralen (OVC). OVC can be translated to Security Guard Central. OVC is designed to enable the Swedish Police Force (SPF) to comply with new legal requirements and enhance their collaboration with Appointed Security Guards (ASG). The focus of this paper is on the early phases of development; in particular on the specific technical issues such as interoperability and standards used in the development of mobile based systems. The learning experiences are as follows: firstly, when developing mobile based systems we suggest and recommend that the analysis phase should be enhanced and it should address the interoperability between mobile phones on one hand and operators on the other hand. Secondly, global and national standards, such as the MMS7 for sending multi-media messages, are not always standardized. It seems that operators and mobile phone manufacturers make minor alterations and interpretations of the standard and thereby some of the benefits found in standards disappear. Thirdly, mobile based communication platforms have a large potential for contributing to the field of emergency management information systems since they can be based on open and nationally accepted standards.  
  Address Department of Informatics, School of Management, Lund University, Sweden  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Newark, NJ Editor B. Van de Walle, M. Turoff  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9090206019; 9789090206011 Medium  
  Track COMMUNICATION CHALLENGES IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE Expedition Conference 3rd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 265  
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Author Andrea H. Tapia; Nicklaus A. Giacobe; Nicolas LaLone; Pamela J. Soule pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Scaling 911 Messaging for Emergency Operation Centers During Large Scale Events Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings – 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2015  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords 911; Crisis; Disaster; Emergency Management; Emergency Operations Center; Public University; Situational Awareness; Text Messaging  
  Abstract In this paper we imagine that one day soon, mass crisis events will result in thousands of people trying to get emergency help multiple via multiple mediums. Public Access Service Points and 911 Centers will not be able to meet the demand of text-message calls for help during a large scale disaster. While 911 dispatchers will need to respond directly to each individual text message, we present the development and testing of a system that aims to provide this data, in real-time, directly to emergency managers during a large-scale crisis. The system is designed to accept, sort, triage and deliver hundreds of direct text messages from the PSAP and provide them directly to emergency management staff, who can leverage their content. In the hands of the emergency manager, these data can be used to inform resource allocation decisions, enhance their operational situational awareness, and potentially improve the response to the crisis.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Agder (UiA) Place of Publication Kristiansand, Norway Editor L. Palen; M. Buscher; T. Comes; A. Hughes  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9788271177881 Medium  
  Track Practitioner Cases and Practitioner-Centered Research Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings – 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Serial 1261  
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Author Apoorva Chauhan; Amanda Lee Hughes pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Online Mentioning Behavior during Hurricane Sandy: References, Recommendations, and Rebroadcasts Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Crisis Informatics; Social Media; Emergency Management  
  Abstract Large-scale crisis events require coordination between the many responding stakeholders to provide timely, relevant, and accurate information to the affected public. In this paper, we examine how social media can support these coordinated public information efforts. This research considers how emergency responders mentioned different organizations, institutions, and individuals by examining the social media communications of police and fire departments during Hurricane Sandy. We find that these departments use mentions to reference other sources of information, recommend credible information and sources, and rebroadcast information. These mentions offer insight into how emergency responders fit within a broader crisis information network and the types of entities that responders trust and recommend to provide information to the public.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Social Media Studies Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1390  
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Author Henrik Artman; Joel Brynielsson; Björn J.E. Johansson; Jiri Trnka pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Dialogical emergency management and strategic awareness in emergency communication Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Civil defense; Communication; Disasters; Information systems; Risk management; Screening; Dialogue; Emergency communication; Emergency information; Emergency management; Emergency response; Information strategy; Social media; Strategic awareness; Emergency services  
  Abstract This paper introduces two concepts-dialogical emergency management and strategic awareness-as means to use and understand the content of social media for the purpose of emergency communication. Dialogical emergency management denotes that the emergency management organizations follow what people publish in various social media on emergencies and ongoing emergency response, and then adjust their information strategies in a way that matches the expectations and needs for emergency information of the public. The concept of strategic awareness suggests that it is essential to have an understanding of the receiver (public) of emergency information but also to have an understanding of the receivers' idea about the emergency and emergency response. Hence, the notion of strategic awareness incorporates structured awareness of how people interpret, value, and reacts on communication based on what they think about the sender's (emergency management organization's) actual intentions and motives.  
  Address Swedish Defence Research Agency, SE-164 90 Stockholm, Sweden  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium  
  Track Early Warning and Alert Systems Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 273  
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Author Axel Dierich; Katerina Tzavella; Neysa Jacqueline Setiadi; Alexander Fekete; Florian Neisser pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Enhanced Crisis-Preparation of Critical Infrastructures through a Participatory Qualitative-Quantitative Interdependency Analysis Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Critical Infrastructure Protection, Interdependency, Resilience, Vulnerability, Cascading Effects, Emergency Management, Participatory Approach  
  Abstract Critical Infrastructure (CI) failures are aggravated by cascading effects due to interdependencies between

different infrastructure systems and with emergency management. Findings of the German, BMBF-funded

research project “CIRMin” highlight needs for concrete assessments of such interdependencies. Driven by

challenges of limited data and knowledge accessibility, the developed approach integrates qualitative

information from expert interviews and discussions with quantitative, place-based analyses in three selected

German cities and an adjacent county.

This paper particularly discusses how the mixed methods approach has been operationalized. Based on

anonymized findings, it provides a comprehensive guidance to interdependency analysis, from survey and

categorization of system elements and interrelations, their possible mutual impacts, to zooming into selected

dependencies through GIS mapping. This facilitates reliably assessing the need for maintenance of critical

functionalities in crisis situations, available resources, auxiliary powers, and optimization of response time.
 
  Address inter 3 Institute for Resource Management, Germany;Technische Hochschule Köln, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T14 - Protecting Critical Infrastructures in Crisis Situations Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1883  
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Author Robert Baksa; Murray Turoff pdf  openurl
  Title The current state of continuous auditing and emergency management's valuable contribution Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Civil defense; Decision support systems; Disasters; Information systems; Business Process; Continuous auditing; Continuous review; Decision supports; Emergency management; Human judgments; Periodic review; Response systems; Risk management  
  Abstract Continuous Auditing systems require that human judgment be formalized and automated, which can be a complex, costly and computationally intensive endeavor. However, Continuous Auditing systems have similarities with Emergency Management and Response systems, which integrate Continuous Auditing's detection and alerting functions with the tracking of decisions and decision options for the situations that could be more effectively handled by human judgment. Emergency Management and Response systems could be an effective prototype to help overcome some of the implementation obstacles that are impeding Continuous Auditing systems' implementation rate. Continuous Auditing has the potential to transform the existing audit paradigm from periodic reviews of a few accounting transactions to a continuous review of all transactions, which thereby could vastly strengthen an organization's risk management and business processes. Although Continuous Auditing implementations are occurring, their adoption is slower than expected. With the goal of providing an empirical and methodological foundation for future Continuous Auditing systems and possibly inspiring additional investigation into merging the Continuous Auditing and Emergency Management streams of research, this paper provides several definitions of Continuous Auditing, suggests possible architectures for these systems, lists some common implementation challenges and highlights a few examples of how Emergency Management research could potentially overcome them.  
  Address NJIT, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Planning, Foresight and/or Risk Analysis Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 285  
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Author Irma Becerra-Fernandez; Weidong Xia; Arvind Gudi; Jose Rocha pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Task characteristics, knowledge sharing and integration, and emergency management performance: Research agenda and challenges Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2008  
  Volume Issue Pages 88-92  
  Keywords Coordination reactions; Disasters; Information systems; Knowledge management; Risk management; Emergency management; Emergency operations centers; Knowledge integration; Knowledge-sharing; Mediating roles; Multiple organizations; Task characteristics; Task complexity; Civil defense  
  Abstract Emergency management tasks are inherently complex and dynamic, requiring quick knowledge sharing and decision coordination among multiple organizations across different levels and locations. However, there is a general lack of understanding about how to describe and assess the complex and dynamic nature of emergency management tasks and how knowledge integration help managers improve emergency management task performance. This paper describes a research project that aims at (1) developing the concepts of task complexity and uncertainty of emergency management tasks and (2) testing the mediating role of knowledge sharing and knowledge integration between emergency management task characteristics and performance. The overall research agenda, approaches, challenges and the advantages of utilizing a virtual Emergency Operations Center (vEOC) for this line of research are discussed.  
  Address Florida International University, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Washington, DC Editor F. Fiedrich, B. Van de Walle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780615206974 Medium  
  Track Virtual Systems for Emergency Management Simulation & Training Expedition Conference 5th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 297  
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Author Andrea Bellucci; Alessio Malizia; Paloma Díaz; Ignacio Aedo pdf  openurl
  Title Framing the design space for novel crisis-related mashups: The eStoryS example Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Disasters; Information systems; Metadata; Risk management; World Wide Web; Collaboration Tool; Conceptual frameworks; Crisis informatics; Emergency management; Georeferenced information; Natural disasters; User-generated content; Web mashups; Design  
  Abstract Web 2.0 can be viewed as a platform where users can develop their own web applications. It is also characterized by a vast amount of user-generated contents presenting spatial and temporal components, by means of associated metadata. These metadata has been successfully exploited to generate map-based mashups (web applications gathering data from different sources) facing different kind of crisis situations, ranging from natural disasters (earthquakes, wildfires, floods...) to human-made disasters (terrorist attacks, school shootings, conflicts...). The social and collaborative dimensions of the Web 2.0 can be also exploited for managing crisis-related information. We present here a survey of current crisis-related mashups we employed to extract design dimensions and provide a conceptual framework that can be used: A) to understand current systems and; b) to design next generation of crisis-related mashups. We propose the eStoryS system as an example of application developed following the design principles presented in this paper. On the basis of our analysis, we believe that the design dimensions posited here provide useful insights for the design of novel web mashups in the emergency management domain.  
  Address Universidad Carlos III, Madrid, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Collaboration and Social Networking Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 300  
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Author Ben Ortiz; Laura Kahn; Marc Bosch; Philip Bogden; Viveca Pavon-Harr; Onur Savas; Ian McCulloh pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Improving Community Resiliency and Emergency Response With Artificial Intelligence Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 35-41  
  Keywords Emergency Management, Semantic Segmentation, Inland Flood Modeling, Route Optimization.  
  Abstract New crisis response and management approaches that incorporate the latest information technologies are essential in all phases of emergency preparedness and response, including the planning, response, recovery, and assessment phases. Accurate and timely information is as crucial as is rapid and coherent coordination among the responding organizations. We are working towards a multi-pronged emergency response tool that provide stakeholders timely access to comprehensive, relevant, and reliable information. The faster emergency personnel are able to analyze, disseminate and act on key information, the more effective and timelier their response will be and the greater the benefit to affected populations. Our tool consists of encoding multiple layers of open source geospatial data including flood risk location, road network strength, inundation maps that proxy inland flooding and computer vision semantic segmentation for estimating flooded areas and damaged infrastructure. These data layers are combined and used as input data for machine learning algorithms such as finding the best evacuation routes before, during and after an emergency or providing a list of available lodging for first responders in an impacted area for first. Even though our system could be used in a number of use cases where people are forced from one location to another, we demonstrate the feasibility of our system for the use case of Hurricane Florence in Lumberton, a town of 21,000 inhabitants that is 79 miles northwest of Wilmington, North Carolina.  
  Address Accenture Federal Services; Accenture Federal Services; Accenture Federal Services; Accenture Federal Services; Accenture Federal Services; Accenture Federal Services  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-4 ISBN 2411-3390 Medium  
  Track AI Systems for Crisis and Risks Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Laura.kahn@accenturefederal.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2205  
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Author Roser Beneito-Montagut; Susan Anson; Duncan Shaw; Christopher Brewster pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Governmental social media use for emergency communication Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 828-833  
  Keywords Civil defense; Disasters; Information systems; Risk management; Emergency communication; Emergency management; Governmental agency; Information flows; Institutional resilience; Social media; Web 2.0 tools; Societies and institutions  
  Abstract The possibility of crowdsourced information, multi-geographical and multi-organisational information flows during emergencies and crises provided by web 2.0 tools are providing emergency management centres with new communication challenges and opportunities. Building on the existing emergency management and social media literature, this article explores how institutions are using and adopting social media for emergency communication. By examining the drivers and barriers of social media adoption in two European governmental agencies dealing with emergencies, the paper aims to establish a framework to examine whether and how institutional resilience could be improved.  
  Address Aston Business School, United Kingdom; Warwick Business School, United Kingdom  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Social Media Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 302  
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Author Fredrik Bergstrand pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Sensemaking in command centre contexts Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Communication; Information technology; Risk management; Activists; Command centres; Design implications; Emergency management; Fire and rescue services; Participant observations; Protest; Sensemaking; Sweden; Information systems  
  Abstract This paper presents descriptive accounts from the work conducted at a Swedish fire and rescue service's command centre during a high risk protest. Sensemaking has been applied as a theoretical lens on the empirical data. Two specific episodes has been selected to demonstrate how the process of sensemaking is manifested in the context of the command centre. The paper also includes implications for design suggesting how information systems for this context should be designed to better support sensemaking.  
  Address Department of Applied Information Technology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium  
  Track Command and Control Studies Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 311  
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Author Thomas Bernoulli; Gerald Glanzer; Thomas Wiebflecker; Ulrich Walder pdf  openurl
  Title Infrastructurless indoor positioning system for first responders Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information systems; Risk management; Underground structures; Units of measurement; Disaster management; Emergency management; Global Navigation Satellite Systems; Indoor positioning; Indoor positioning systems; Inertial measurement unit; Inertial navigations; Position estimates; Human resource management  
  Abstract To overview the site of operation in case of an emergency is crucial for effective emergency management. This is a difficult task, in particular within large buildings or underground structures. Information about the whereabouts of the staff is a key element of effective disaster management. This paper presents an indoor positioning system which is able to track and locate people within buildings independent of any infrastructure (global navigation satellite system, WLAN installations, etc.). The system is based on inertial measurement units computing the track of its wearer and a component verifying this position estimates using floor plans of the building. This novel approach allows robust tracking and locating of action forces within buildings and underground structures.  
  Address Graz University of Technology, Austria  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Geo-Information Support Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 314  
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Author Bjørn Erik Munkvold; Mats Flaten; Robin P. Nguyen pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Volunteers’ Perceptions of the Use of Social Media in Emergency Management Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings – 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2015  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Emergency Management; monitoring; social media; volunteers; VOST  
  Abstract The paper presents the results of interviews with representatives from Norwegian emergency management volunteer organizations on their current use of social media and their perception of the potential for extended use of social media in their operations. Our study shows that social media is currently mainly used for information to the public and for internal communication. The informants expressed some reluctance towards the concept of virtual operations support teams, and using social media to collect information from the public. Yet, based on the possible benefits reported in the literature from studies of early adopters of digital volunteer groups, we argue in this paper for establishing a similar service at the regional level in Norway that can support the local volunteer organizations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Agder (UiA) Place of Publication Kristiansand, Norway Editor L. Palen; M. Buscher; T. Comes; A. Hughes  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9788271177881 Medium  
  Track Practitioner Cases and Practitioner-Centered Research Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings – 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Serial 1265  
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Author Art Botterell; Martin Griss pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Toward the next generation of emergency operations systems Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Information systems; Risk management; Business continuity; Common operating pictures; Contingency management; Emergency management; Emergency operations; Emergency operations centers; Incident command; Mobile command; Management information systems  
  Abstract For more than half a century the Emergency Operations Center (EOC) has been a key component of emergency management (EM), homeland security and business continuity practice. Changes in the technical, threat, economic and social environments are placing new pressures on the concept of the EOC in the public, private and community sectors. Investigation of the desirable attributes of a “Next Generation EOC” has led to alternative EOC roles and configurations. This paper describes emerging pressures on, and trends in, emergency and business contingency management systems, and describes a research program to explore solutions to both new and persistent design challenges.  
  Address Disaster Management Initiative, Carnegie Mellon Silicon Valley, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium  
  Track Command and Control Studies Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 340  
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Author Art Botterell; Martin Griss pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title A pragmatic approach to smart workspaces for crisis management Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Civil defense; Disasters; Information systems; Risk management; Crisis management; Emergency management; Reference architecture; Smart space; Support crisis management; Ubiquitous computing  
  Abstract We explore the nature and benefits of smart spaces from the perspective of the emergency management user, propose a design vocabulary and reference architecture for constructing feasible, robust and flexible smart spaces for crisis management, and offer some examples of how smart-space approaches might support crisis management. © 2012 ISCRAM.  
  Address Carnegie Mellon University, Silicon Valley, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 37  
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Author Monika Büscher; Lisa Wood; Sung-Yueh Perng pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Privacy, security, liberty: Informing the design of EMIS Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 401-410  
  Keywords Data privacy; Design; Disasters; Interoperability; Management information systems; Risk management; Civil liberties; Emergency management; Emergency management systems; Human practices; Liberty; Material practices; Security; Smart cities; Civil defense  
  Abstract This paper explores issues of security, privacy and liberty arising in relation to ICT supported emergency management. The aim is to inform the design of emergency management information systems (EMIS) and architectures that support emergent interoperability and assembly of emergency management systems of systems. We show how transformations of social and material practices of privacy boundary management create challenges, opportunities and dangers in this context. While opportunities include development of more efficient and agile emergency management models, building on smart city concepts, dangers include surveillance, social sorting and an erosion of civil liberties. Against this backdrop, we briefly explore human practice focused 'privacy by design' as a candidate design avenue.  
  Address Mobilities.lab, Lancaster University, United Kingdom; Faculty of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, United Kingdom  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Emergency Management Information Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 358  
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Author Monika Büscher; Markus Bylund; Pedro Sanches; Leonardo Ramirez; Lisa Wood pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title A new manhattan project? Interoperability and ethics in emergency response systems of systems Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 426-431  
  Keywords Information systems; Philosophical aspects; Risk management; Systems engineering; Emergency management; Emergency response; Emergency response systems; Ethics; Manhattan Project; Multi agencies; Systems of systems; Interoperability  
  Abstract In this paper we discuss ethical challenges arising around IT supported interoperability in multi-agency emergency management and explore some methodological responses.  
  Address Mobilities.lab, Lancaster University, United Kingdom; Swedish Institute of Computer Science, Kista, Sweden; Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology (FhG-FIT), Sankt Augustin, Germany; School of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, United Kingdom  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Emergency Management Information Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 353  
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Author José H. Canós-Cerdá; Carmen Penadés; Abel Gómez; Marcos R. S. Borges pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title SAGA: An integrated architecture for the management of advanced emergency plans Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Architecture; Civil defense; Disasters; Information services; Information systems; Life cycle; Risk management; Advanced process; Automatic tools; Document management; Emergency management; Emergency plans; Emergency response; Integrated architecture; Software and hardwares; Human resource management  
  Abstract Despite the significant advances that software and hardware technologies have brought to the emergency management field, some islands remain where innovation has had little impact. Among them, emergency plan management is of particular relevance due to their key role in the direction of teams during responses. Aspects like coordination, collaboration, and others are spread in plain text sentences, impeding automatic tool support to improve team per-formance. Moreover, administrative management of plans becomes a mere document management activity. In this paper, we present SAGA, an architecture that supports the full lifecycle of advanced emergency plan management. By advanced we mean plans that include new types of interaction such as hypermedia and advanced process definition languages to provide precise specification of response procedures. SAGA provides all the actors involved in plan management a number of tools supporting all the stages of the plan lifecycle, from its creation to its use in training drills or actual responses. It is intended to be instantiated in systems promoted by civil defense agencies, providing administrative support to plan management; additionally, editing tools for plan designers and tools for analysis and improvement of such plans by organizations are provided. Plan enactment facilities in emergency response are also integrated. To our knowledge, it is the very first proposal that covers all the aspects of plan man-agement. © 2012 ISCRAM.  
  Address ISSI, DSIC, Universitat Politécnica de Valéncia, Spain; Programa de Pós Graduaçao em Informática, Departamento de Ciéncia da Computaçao, Universidade Federal do Rio De Janeiro, Brazil  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium  
  Track Planning and Foresight Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 88  
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Author José H. Canós-Cerdá; Carmen Penadés; Carlos Solís; Marcos R. S. Borges; Manuel Llavador pdf  openurl
  Title Using spatial hypertext to visualize composite knowledge in emergency responses Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Hypertext systems; Information systems; Knowledge management; Management information systems; Risk management; Contextual information; Contextual knowledge; Emergency management systems; Emergency response; Emergency response plans; Knowledge frameworks; Spatial hypertext; Underground transportation systems; Emergency services  
  Abstract Having the right information at the right time is crucial to make decisions during emergency responses. To fulfill this requirement, emergency management systems must provide emergency managers with knowledge management and visualization tools. The goal is twofold: on one hand, to organize knowledge coming from different sources, mainly the emergency response plans (the formal knowledge) and the information extracted from the emergency development (the contextual knowledge); on the other hand, to enable effective access to information. Formal and contextual knowledge sets are mostly disjoint; however, there are cases in which a formal knowledge piece may be updated with some contextual information, constituting what we call the composite knowledge. In this paper, we extend a knowledge framework with the notion of composite knowledge, and use spatial hypertext to visualize this type of knowledge. We illustrate our proposal with a case study on accessing to information during an emergency response in an underground transportation system.  
  Address Dept. of Computer Science (DSIC), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain; Lero, The Irish Software Engineering Research Centre, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland; Graduate Program in Informatics, Instituto de Matemática and NCE, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Human-Computer Interaction Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems f