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Author Pablo Acuña; Paloma Díaz; Ignacio Aedo pdf  openurl
  Title Development of a design patterns catalog for Web-based Emergency Management Systems Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Civil defense; Disasters; Human computer interaction; Information systems; Management information systems; Risk management; Websites; Design Patterns; Design Principles; Emergency management systems; Information sharing; Web designs; Information management  
  Abstract The design of Emergency Management Systems is an activity that requires knowledge from various related domains for providing a more complete and usable solution. In this context, design patterns including knowledge from previous experiences can be a useful source of information to support the development of this type of applications. In this paper, we introduce a catalog of design patterns for Web-based Emergency Management Systems collected from design principles, design patterns and existing implementations from involved areas, taking into account requirements particular to this domain.  
  Address Departamento de Informática, Universidad Carlos III, Madrid, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Human-Computer Interaction Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 251  
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Author Ronja Addams-Moring; Markku Kekkonen; Shushan Zhao pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title A simple taxonomy for mobile emergency announcement systems Type Conference Article
  Year 2005 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2005 – 2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2005  
  Volume Issue Pages 309-316  
  Keywords Civil defense; Information systems; Mobile telecommunication systems; Taxonomies; Ad hoc MEA system; Crisis information; Disaster recovery; Incident Management; MEA system; Mobile emergency announcement system; Pre-planned MEA system; Public warning; Semi ad hoc MEA system; Information management  
  Abstract Mobile communications networks and devices can be and have been used by authorities to warn and instruct the general public during crises. However, our understanding of how mobile technologies could best be used for emergency announcements (public warnings) is currently limited. To clarify one part of this field of study, we define and describe a simple taxonomy for mobile emergency announcements (MEA) systems. The taxonomy has three categories: preplanned MEA systems, ad-hoc MEA systems and semi ad-hoc MEA systems. Differences in functional, security and other requirements were found between MEA systems belonging to different taxonomy categories, both concerning how each category of MEA systems can meet the common requirements, and concerning which requirements are the most important for each category of MEA systems. The differences between the categories were especially clear for these requirements: the understandability and credibility of the MEAs and the security of a MEA system.  
  Address Helsinki University of Technology, Finland; STUK – Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Finland  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971099 Medium  
  Track EMERGENCY ANNOUNCEMENT AND WARNING SYSTEMS Expedition Conference 2nd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 253  
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Author Michael Ammann; Tuomas Peltonen; Juhani Lahtinen; Kaj Vesterbacka; Tuula Summanen; Markku Seppänen; Pilvi Siljamo; Annakaisa Sarkanen; Minna Rantamäki pdf  openurl
  Title KETALE Web application to improve collaborative emergency management Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Civil defense; Data visualization; Decision support systems; Disasters; Information management; Information systems; Risk management; Weather forecasting; Collaboration; Collaborative decisions; Design and implementations; Distributed modeling; Emergency management; Operational aspects; Requirement analysis; WEB application; World Wide Web  
  Abstract KETALE is a database and web application intended to improve the collaborative decision support of the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) and of the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI). It integrates distributed modeling (weather forecasts and dispersion predictions by FMI, source term and dose assessments by STUK) and facilitates collaboration and sharing of information. It does so by providing functionalities for data acquisition, data management, data visualization, and data analysis. The report outlines the software development from requirement analysis to system design and implementation. Operational aspects and user experiences are presented in a separate report.  
  Address Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Finland; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Finland  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 264  
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Author Andreas Lotter; Florian Brauner; Alexander Gabriel; Frank Fiedrich; Stefan Martini pdf  openurl
  Title New Decision-Support Framework for Strengthening Disaster Resilience in Cross-Border Areas Type Conference Article
  Year 2017 Publication Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2017  
  Volume Issue Pages 412-419  
  Keywords Cross-border events; cross-border resilience; information management; interorganizational cooperation; disaster resilience  
  Abstract The improvement of disaster resilience in cross-border areas causes special challenges. Involved countries use different structures in their civil protection systems and have to work together facing more difficult conditions than in local incidents. Furthermore, in the past involved countries mainly worked individually and focused on the concerned areas in their territories regardless transnational activities. The project INCA will develop a resilience framework to support decision-makers. The framework will focus on information management, the implementation of volunteers and the needs of citizens who are receiving medical care. Therefore, a case study region on the German-French border was defined and a scenario-based approach will be used to investigate resilience opportunities through disaster collaboration. The tested scenario is a transnational long-lasting power-outage in the German-French region.  
  Address University of Wuppertal, Germany; TH Köln – University of Applied Sciences, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Albi, France Editor Tina Comes, F.B., Chihab Hanachi, Matthieu Lauras, Aurélie Montarnal, eds  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Protection Models For Complex Critical Infrastructures Expedition Conference 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2030  
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Author Andreas Lotter; Philipp John; Patricia Schütte; Florian Brauner; Frank Fiedrich pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Field Observation of Parallel Working Coordination Groups and Command and Control Centres to Understand and Improve Inter-organizational Information Management – A Methodical Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 303-314  
  Keywords Information Management, Field Observation, Coordination Groups, Command and Control Centres, Risk and Crisis Management.  
  Abstract In emergency response, parallel working coordination groups and command and control centres are responsible to deal with complex events. A well-functioning exchange of information between organizations, officials and these coordination groups is the basis for an efficient risk management. This paper describes a methodical ap-proach for field observation to understand and improve the inter-organizational information management be-tween the involved partners. The method was tested within a practical approach and possible occurring problems during the observation were identified and solutions for these problems are provided.  
  Address University of Wuppertal, Germany; University of Wuppertal, Germany; University of Wuppertal, Germany; Kölner Verkehrs-Betriebe AG; University of Wuppertal, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-30 ISBN 2411-3416 Medium  
  Track Command & Control Studies Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes lotter@uni-wuppertal.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2231  
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Author Ummul Khair Israt Ara; Fang Chen pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Information security in crisis management system Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Disasters; Expert systems; Information systems; Interoperability; Management information systems; Security of data; Crisis management; Crisis management systems; Crisis situations; Medical emergency; Security components; Security requirements; Strong securities; Terrorist attacks; Information management  
  Abstract Information security is an important part of almost any kind of Information System. Crisis Management Systems (CMS) are a type of Information System that deals with information which needs to be secure. No matter what kind of crisis, natural disasters, man-made crisis or terrorist attacks, the CMS security should not be compromised. There are many challenges regarding exchange of qualified information and interoperability between various Expert Systems and the CMS. It is important to have strong security in terms of technology, skills, security requirements, sensitivity of information and trust-worthiness (Vural, Ciftcibasi and Inan, 2010). Depending on the type of crisis situation, different sets of security components should be triggered, since the security requirements vary between situations. For example, a terrorist attack has different security requirements in the system compared to a natural disaster or a medical emergency. In this paper, the importance of Information Security in CMS will be discussed. Methods for secure exchange of qualified information are analyzed and a secure and dynamic Crisis Management Information Security System (CMISS) design is introduced. © 2012 ISCRAM.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 76  
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Author Laura Ardila; Israel Perez-Llopis; Carlos E. Palau; Manuel Esteve pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Virtual reality training environment for strategic and tactical emergency operations Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 140-144  
  Keywords Civil defense; Disasters; Information systems; Interoperability; Motion Picture Experts Group standards; Personnel training; Risk management; Virtual reality; Command; control; communications; Command and control; Information and Communication Technologies; Intelligence; surveillance and reconnaissances; Mpeg-V; Tactical operations; Traditional approaches; Virtual worlds; Information management  
  Abstract The application of Information and Communication Technologies in emergency management environments is a challenging research topic; particularly, the applicability of C4ISR (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) systems specifically designed for these environments. A key aspect in emergency management is the training of operatives at all levels, from intervention to operational, including tactical command and control. Virtual reality is widely used for training and learning purposes, but the interaction of real and virtual worlds with new standards (i.e. MPEG-V), going a step further from the traditional approach to create virtual environments based in expensive simulation dedicated equipment and allowing data streaming between both worlds, has not yet been exploited in training for emergency management. This paper proposes an architecture for a C4ISR training system providing interoperability between real and virtual worlds using the MPEG-V standard and allowing simultaneous and real time training of both real and virtual units.  
  Address Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Coordination and Collaboration Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 270  
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Author Menelaos Bakopoulos; Sofia Tsekeridou; Eri Giannaka; Zheng-Hua Tan; Ramjee Prasad pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Command & control: Information merging, selective visualization and decision support for emergency handling Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Biometrics; Decision support systems; Flow visualization; Information management; Information systems; Local area networks; Personal digital assistants; Visualization; Command posts; Crisis management; Decision supports; First responders; Information merging; Video annotations; Wearable sensors; Merging  
  Abstract Emergency situations call for the timely collaboration and error free communication of first responder (FR) teams from their Command Posts (CP) and between themselves. First responder teams must form and adapt their plans and actions as a real-time critical situation unfolds. This paper presents an advanced Command Post application that manages a diversity of FR teams during an emergency. Data from biometric, fire and/or gas sensors in addition to received annotated videos from first responders on site, carrying personal digital assistants (PDAs), are simultaneously managed. The presented system provides properly configured access to and alert-dependent visualization of real time location, biometric, gas, fire and annotated video data from FRs in the field to allow for effective reaction and decision support from CP personnel. Additionally, the system forms an information management system for all necessary information to be quickly handy during emergency handling, such as FR information, critical infrastructure information, historical information, etc. This system has been validated through qualitative analysis in a field trial at the M30 tunnel in Madrid by participating end users.  
  Address Athens Information Technology, Greece; Aalborg University, Denmark  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium  
  Track Command and Control Studies Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 284  
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Author Fredrik Bergstrand; Jonas Landgren pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Information sharing using live video in emergency response work Type Conference Article
  Year 2009 Publication ISCRAM 2009 – 6th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Boundary Spanning Initiatives and New Perspectives Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2009  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Design; Information analysis; Information management; Information systems; Collaboration; Emergency response; Information repositories; Information sharing; Live video; Material database; Resource management; Situation awareness; Emergency services  
  Abstract This paper presents findings from a design-oriented study focusing on emergency response work. Traditionally, information technology for emergency response work has included enroute navigation advice, resource management, hazard material databases, property information repositories, and situation reporting using sketching functionality. Now, a new class of information technology has become available, namely mobile live video capabilities. This paper presents initial findings from a study on how mobile live video capabilities could improve information sharing and situation awareness in emergency response work.  
  Address Viktoria Institute, Sweden  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Gothenburg Editor J. Landgren, S. Jul  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789163347153 Medium  
  Track Collaboration and Social Networking Expedition Conference 6th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 312  
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Author Nitesh Bharosa; Marijn Janssen pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Reconsidering information management roles and capabilities in disaster response decision-making units Type Conference Article
  Year 2009 Publication ISCRAM 2009 – 6th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Boundary Spanning Initiatives and New Perspectives Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2009  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Decision making; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Human resource management; Information analysis; Information management; Information systems; Quality assurance; Adaptivity; Decision-making units; Disaster management; Dynamic capabilities; Information architectures; Information gathering; Information managers; Roles; Emergency services  
  Abstract When disaster strikes, the emerging task environment requires relief agencies to transform from autonomous mono-disciplinary organizations into interdependent multidisciplinary decision-making units. Evaluation studies reveal that adaptation of information management to the changing task environment is difficult resulting in poor information quality, indicating information was incorrect, outdated or even unavailable to relief workers. In this paper, we adopt a theory-driven approach to develop a set of information management roles and dynamic capabilities for disaster management. Building on the principles of advance structuring and dynamic adjustment, we develop a set of roles and capabilities, which we illustrate and extend using two field studies in the Netherlands. By studying regional relief workers in action, we found that in tactical disaster response decisionmaking units, several information management roles are not addressed and that information managers are preoccupied with information gathering and reporting, whereas information quality assurance is not on the agenda.  
  Address Delft University of Technology, Netherlands  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Gothenburg Editor J. Landgren, S. Jul  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789163347153 Medium  
  Track Standardization and Ontologies Expedition Conference 6th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 319  
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Author Nitesh Bharosa; Bart Van Zanten; Jaco Appelman; Arre Zuurmond pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Identifying and confirming information and system quality requirements for multi-agency disaster management Type Conference Article
  Year 2009 Publication ISCRAM 2009 – 6th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Boundary Spanning Initiatives and New Perspectives Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2009  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information analysis; Information systems; Interoperability; Disaster management; Improving systems; Information quality; Information systems success; Multi agencies; Poor information; System quality; Technical measures; Information management  
  Abstract This paper investigates the relevance and assurance of information and system quality as requirements for information systems success during disaster management. Despite the many examples of poor information quality and poor system quality, research on the relevance and assurance of these requirements is sparse. In order to design successful information systems for disaster management, a context related understanding of the organizational and technical measures for achieving these requirements is necessary. Accordingly, the goal of this paper is to identify and confirm information and system quality requirements for the design of information systems for disaster management. The results of our interviews with information architects indicate that while information quality requirements are considered to be very relevant, these are hard to measure and assure, and that currently much effort is being put into improving system quality requirements such as interoperability and ease of use.  
  Address Delft University of Technology, Netherlands  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Gothenburg Editor J. Landgren, S. Jul  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789163347153 Medium  
  Track Human-Computer Interaction Expedition Conference 6th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 321  
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Author Nitesh Bharosa; Marijn Janssen; Raghav H. Rao; JinKyu Lee pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Adaptive information orchestration: Architectural principles improving information quality Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2008  
  Volume Issue Pages 556-565  
  Keywords Architecture; Information analysis; Information systems; Network architecture; Adaptivity; Architectural principles; Heterogeneous information sources; Information and technologies; Information architectures; Information quality; Orchestration; Rotterdam; Information management  
  Abstract Effective responsiveness to disasters requires the management of information in a network of autonomous response agencies. Yet, the information quality is often insufficient. Information is scattered throughout the network and needs to be collected from heterogeneous information sources. As such, adaptive information orchestration is the key to effective response. The aim of this paper is to develop a prescriptive, conceptual architecture guided by architectural principles for orchestration aimed at improving information quality. Information orchestration refers to an information architecture in which multiple orchestrators match information supply according to the information demand in order to assure a high information quality for relief workers. A primarily element is that information needs to be 'enriched' before it is provided to relief workers and necessary resources (human, information and technology) should be available to accomplish this. This should ensure that the right information will be delivered to the right persons at the right moment. Future research is aimed at detailing the concept of information orchestration.  
  Address Delft University of Technology, Netherlands; State University of New York, Buffalo, United States; Oklahoma State University, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Washington, DC Editor F. Fiedrich, B. Van de Walle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780615206974 Medium  
  Track Adaptive Information Architectures for Interagency Crisis Management Expedition Conference 5th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 323  
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Author Einar Bjørgo pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Satellite imagery and GIS for disaster response & management in the United Nations: The UNOSAT approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2004 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2004 – 1st International Workshop on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2004  
  Volume Issue Pages 105-110  
  Keywords Disaster prevention; Disasters; Geographic information systems; Human resource management; Information management; Information systems; Remote sensing; Satellite imagery; Space optics; Charter; Gmoss; Rapid mapping; Respond; United Nations; Emergency services  
  Abstract Remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have the potential to provide United Nations (UN) humanitarian agencies and their partners with much needed disaster related information and improved management of resources. However, the technical nature of these tools requires considerable expertise to fully benefit from satellite images and related geographic information. The UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS) is implementing the UNOSAT service on behalf of the UN Institute on Training and Research (UNITAR) together with several private actors. UNOSAT provides the UN and its partners with the expertise in Earth Observation (EO) and GIS applications. As a crisis is part of a spectrum of disaster related events, UNOSAT provides services in all phases of humanitarian assistance, including planning, crisis response, relief and development. UNOSAT's objectives are to facilitate the territory planning and monitoring processes of local authorities, local technicians, development project managers and humanitarian field operators working in coordination with or within the framework of UN activities, on issues such as disaster management, risk prevention, peace keeping operations, post conflict reconstruction, environmental rehabilitation and social and economic development. A key part of this work is to accelerate and expand the use of accurate geographic information derived from EO-satellite imagery. UNOSAT is also involved in several international initiatives aimed at improved crisis response and management, such as the International Charter “Space and Major Disasters”, an important asset in providing timely information to relief personnel on the ground. By working closely with its UN sister agencies, UNOPS/UNOSAT offers a one-stop-shop for satellite imagery and GIS services related to disaster response & management within the United Nations. © Proceedings ISCRAM 2004.  
  Address United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), UNOSAT, CERN DIV IT/DI/UN, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971080 Medium  
  Track Conference Keynote Expedition Conference 1st International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 81  
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Author Mifan Careem; David Bitner; Ravindra De Silva pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title GIS integration in the Sahana disaster management system Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2007 Academic Proceedings Papers Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2007  
  Volume Issue Pages 211-218  
  Keywords Database systems; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information management; Management information systems; Data management software; Disaster management; Disaster response; Geographic location; Information and communications technology; Large amounts of data; Natural disasters; Time constraints; Geographic information systems  
  Abstract Disaster Management often involves using Information and Communications Technology (ICT) to manage large amounts of data efficiently. Data gathered from disasters are often related to geographic locations, such as the affected geographic region, thus requiring special forms of data management software to utilize and manage them efficiently. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are specialized database systems with software that can analyze and display data using digitized maps and tables for decision making. Preparing and correctly formatting data for use in a GIS is nontrivial, and it is even more challenging during disasters because of tight time constraints and inherent unpredictability of many natural disasters. This paper describes the important role of GIS in disaster management, and discusses the most common characteristics of GIS and their potential use in disaster response. We follow up with a detailed description of the GIS prototype in the Sahana Disaster Management System.  
  Address Lanka Software Foundation, Sri Lanka; DbSpatial, Sri Lanka  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Delft Editor B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt, K. Nieuwenhuis  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789054874171; 9789090218717 Medium  
  Track GISC Expedition Conference 4th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 373  
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Author Rebecca E. Carella; Susan P. McGrath pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title ARTEMIS personal area networks for emergency remote triage and information management Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 – 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2006  
  Volume Issue Pages 592-597  
  Keywords Automation; Personal communication systems; Risk management; Artemis; Automated systems; Embedded sensors; Emergency management; Emergency response; Patient survivals; Remote location; Situational awareness; Information management  
  Abstract The Automated Remote Triage and Emergency Management Information System (ARTEMIS) project seeks to provide situational awareness to all level of commands in order to increase patient survival rate during emergencies. By moving the burden of triage off of the medic and into an automated system, more time will be able to be spent on casualty care rather than assessment. Continual monitoring of responders and casualties will alert medics of critical changes in a patient's health that might normally have gone undetected after a patient is initially triaged. ARTEMIS employs a network of embedded sensors worn by responders and casualties to gather the data required for greater situational awareness and to relay the data back to appropriate levels of command both on the field and in remote locations.  
  Address Dartmouth College, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Newark, NJ Editor B. Van de Walle, M. Turoff  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9090206019; 9789090206011 Medium  
  Track PERSONAL AREA NETWORKS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE Expedition Conference 3rd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 374  
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Author Benny Carlé; Fernand Vermeersch; Carlos Rojas Palma pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Systems improving communication in case of a nuclear emergency: Two information exchange systems in the Belgian Nuclear Research Center Type Conference Article
  Year 2004 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2004 – 1st International Workshop on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2004  
  Volume Issue Pages 57-62  
  Keywords Artificial intelligence; Civil defense; Communication systems; Decision support systems; Information management; Information systems; Radioactive materials; Risk management; Crisis communications; Crisis response; Decision support system (dss); Emergency management; Emergency response; Nuclear emergencies; Emergency services  
  Abstract Creating a 'common view' between all stakeholders on the course of an emergency situation and the possible consequences is a challenge for any crisis management organisation. In the SCKâEUR¢CEN nuclear emergency preparedness research two projects address two different and particular communication or information management challenges. The HINES system aims at creating a common view by using an information system as a communication tool in an on-site nuclear emergency response room. The MODEM project uses XML-technology to stimulate communication between scientific experts from different countries and institutes by facilitating the exchange of information used in decision support models used to assess the impact of a release of radioactive material in the environment. Both systems are implemented in prototype phase and used regularly during exercises. © Proceedings ISCRAM 2004.  
  Address SCK CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Center, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971080 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 1st International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 89  
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Author Ian Carpenter pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Implementing CAP and EDXL standards to enhance web-based crisis management Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2008  
  Volume Issue Pages 2  
  Keywords Disaster prevention; Disasters; Electronic data interchange; Information management; Information systems; Common alerting protocols; Communication management; Disaster management; Federal governments; Legislative changes; Message distribution; Smart applications; Standard operating procedures; Websites  
  Abstract In response to the Australian Federal Government's legislative changes, including the Disaster Management Act 2003, both State and Local Government are finding it necessary to work ever more closely to ensure the successful development, approval and operation of local disaster management plans and activities. Working closely with numerous Local governments and their stakeholders, Faulkner Technologies has developed a web-based information management exchange to facilitate the timely and accurate collation, dissemination and sharing of event-related information during an incident or disaster. Challenges such as geographically-dispersed operations, information management, communication management, reporting and logging and capturing key learnings are common to all local councils. Our web-based information management exchange dovetails with both the paper-based Standard Operating Procedure and multiple communication systems significantly enhancing the management of disasters and incidents. In conjunction with NICTA (National ICT Australia) and their Smart Applications for Emergencies (SAFE) project, the solution uses the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) and Emergency Data eXchange Language (EDXL) standards for message distribution.  
  Address Faulkner Technologies, Australia  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Washington, DC Editor F. Fiedrich, B. Van de Walle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780615206974 Medium  
  Track Communication Systems and Technologies for Crisis and Disaster Response Expedition Conference 5th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 377  
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Author Christian Flachberger; Eduard Gringinger pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Decision Support for Networked Crisis & Disaster Management – A Comparison with the Air Traffic Management Domain Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Networked Crisis Management; Crisis and Disaster Management; Collaboration; Information Sharing; Situation Awareness; Common Information Space; Air Traffic Management; System Wide Information Management  
  Abstract This paper is about European networked crisis and disaster management and how to achieve more intelligent decision support and better collaboration. Although collaboration processes are established, the underlying information management tools today don’t support integrated electronic information management in multi-organizational scenarios. This leads to a fragmentation of relevant information into pieces held by different stakeholders. Recently, the concept of the Common Information Space has been introduced as possible solution. This paper looks to the domain of Air Traffic Management where a similar problem was tackled by a concept called System Wide Information Management. The paper starts with describing the operational context, the unresolved needs, and the derived requirements. Experiences from the Air Traffic Management domain are gathered and compared with current solution concepts from the public safety domain. The paper concludes with lessons learned during the on-going development in the public safety domain.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3393 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-14 Medium  
  Track Intelligent Decision Support in the Networked Society Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1332  
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Author Linn Marks Collins; James E. Powell Jr.; Carolyn E Dunford; Ketan K. Mane; Mark L.B. Martinez pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Emergency information Synthesis and awareness using E-SOS Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2008  
  Volume Issue Pages 618-623  
  Keywords Human computer interaction; Information management; Information science; Information systems; Web services; Websites; Awareness tool; Cognitive overload; Emergency Response Information Systems; Information synthesis; Information visualization; User centered designs; Systems engineering  
  Abstract In an emergency, people need to be able to report and find relevant information quickly. Fulfilling these information needs is the design goal of E-SOS: Emergency Situation Overview and Synthesis, a research project in progress. E-SOS will consist of (1) a website where users can report information, (2) web services that find and synthesize related information from multiple sources, and (3) interface tools that visualize and display links to this information. In this paper we describe three of these services and tools: the topic, geographic, and information space awareness tools. When a user writes a report, the topic awareness tool will execute a federated search and display links to related information. The information space awareness tool will highlight these links in a visualization of the information space. If the user refers to a location, the geographic awareness tool will focus a map on this location and display topic-related icons.  
  Address Los Alamos National Laboratory Research Library, Knowledge Systems and Human-Computer Interaction Team, Los Alamos, NM 87545-1362, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Washington, DC Editor F. Fiedrich, B. Van de Walle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780615206974 Medium  
  Track HCI for Emergencies Expedition Conference 5th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 403  
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Author Nuala M. Cowan pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title A geospatial data management framework for humanitarian response Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Data structures; Geographic information systems; Information systems; Framework; Geo-spatial; Humanitarian; Relief; Response; Information management  
  Abstract The success of humanitarian relief efforts is contingent upon the quality and timeliness of information provided to both the decision making and coordinating functions. Poor or fragmented information can lead to inappropriate decisions or poorly coordinated activities. This research focuses on how the application of spatially aware technologies can allow the information dimension of the challenge to become more effective. This will be achieved through the development of a comprehensive framework for the organization of spatially referenced humanitarian information, and corresponding geospatial data model for practical application in the field. The development of a spatial data framework that is both comprehensive and scalable can unleash the power of GIS for humanitarian data managers, and facilitate the collection and sharing of information between agencies that share similar goals. The research involves the development of a framework based on a literature review of best-practices, which will be refined and tested through interaction with the humanitarian information management community.  
  Address George Washington University (GWU), Institute of Crisis, Disaster and Risk Management (ICDRM), United States; George Washington University (GWU), Department of Geography, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium  
  Track Geographic Information Science Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 418  
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Author Tom De Groeve; Luca Vernaccini; Alessandro Annunziato pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Modelling disaster impact for the global disaster alert and coordination system Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 – 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2006  
  Volume Issue Pages 409-417  
  Keywords Disasters; Earthquakes; Hurricanes; Information management; Information systems; Isomers; Management information systems; Tsunamis; Volcanoes; Coordination systems; Disaster information managements; European Commission; Global disasters; International community; International response; Tropical cyclone; United Nations; Emergency services  
  Abstract The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System, jointly developed by the European Commission and the United Nations, combines existing web-based disaster information management systems with the aim to alert the international community in case of major sudden-onset disasters and to facilitate the coordination of international response during the relief phase of the disaster. The disaster alerts are based on automatic hazard information retrieval and real-time running of impact models. This paper describes impact models for earthquakes, tsunamis and tropical cyclones.  
  Address European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Italy  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Newark, NJ Editor B. Van de Walle, M. Turoff  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9090206019; 9789090206011 Medium  
  Track REAL-TIME ALERTS FOR EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMI Expedition Conference 3rd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 429  
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Author Alvaro Pemartin De La Calle; Murray Turoff pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Three hundred decisions a day: A case study of local crisis management Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Emergency services; Information management; Risk management; Crisis management; Emergency management; Emergency medical dispatches; Emergency Medical system; Emergency situation; Medical coordination; Medical emergency; Real time dispatches; Medical information systems  
  Abstract This paper is a case study of an emergency medical dispatch system that describes its operations and difficulties Emergency Management in Andalusia is the responsibility of the Internal Affairs Authority that operates in each province a Coordination Center that receives Emergency Calls and in cases where there is a medical emergency, passes the information to the Emergency Coordination Centers. The 112 Centers gather all the information generated in emergency situations and supposedly coordinate the response of the several emergency services (Police, and Fire Departments) that operate their own coordination centers. If necessary they send a medical request to the 112 Center that, acting as a hub, sends to EPES the information about the medical incident.  
  Address New Jersey Institute of Technology, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium  
  Track Planning and Foresight Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 435  
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Author Massimiliano De Leoni; Fabio De Rosa; Andrea Marrella; Massimo Mecella; Antonella Poggi; Alenka Krek; Francesco Manti pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Emergency management: From user requirements to a flexible P2P architecture Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2007 Academic Proceedings Papers Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2007  
  Volume Issue Pages 271-279  
  Keywords Civil defense; Design; Disasters; Risk management; Civil protection; Continuous interactions; Emergency management systems; Emergency scenario; European research project; High level architecture; Peer-to-peer architectures; User centered designs; Information management  
  Abstract The most effective way to design an emergency management system matching user needs is to perform a User-Centered Design; it relies on continuous interactions with end-users in order to understand better and better how organizations are arranged during emergencies, which data are exchanged and which steps are performed by organizations to face disastrous events. In this paper we (i) illustrate the methodology used to collect the user requirements for the emergency management system developed in the European research project WORKPAD, and (ii) describe the WORKPAD high level architecture stemming from such requirements. Specifically, the methodology is applied in the context of Regional Civil Protection of Calabria (Italy) and is used as basis to provide more general user requirements for emergency management systems.  
  Address SAPIENZA-Universit di Roma, Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica, Italy; Regione Calabria, Dipartimento della Protezione Civile, Italy  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Delft Editor B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt, K. Nieuwenhuis  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789054874171; 9789090218717