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Author (up) Abbas Ganji; Negin Alimohammadi; Scott Miles pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Challenges in Community Resilience Planning and Opportunities with Simulation Modeling Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Community resilience; human-centered design; interface design; simulation modeling; recovery planning  
  Abstract The importance of community resilience has become increasingly recognized in emergency management and

post-disaster community well-being. To this end, three seismic resilience planning initiatives have been

conducted in the U.S. in the last decade to envision the current state of community resilience. Experts who

participated in these initiatives confronted challenges that must be addressed for future planning initiatives.

We interviewed eighteen participants to learn about the community resilience planning process, its

characteristics, and challenges. Conducting qualitative content analysis, we identify six main challenges to

community resilience planning: complex network systems; interdependencies among built environment systems;

inter-organizational collaboration; connections between the built environment and social systems;

communications between built environment and social institutions’ experts; and communication among

decision-makers, social stakeholders, and community members. To overcome the identified challenges, we

discuss the capability of human-centered simulation modeling as a combination of simulation modeling and

human-centered design to facilitate community resilience planning.
 
  Address University of Washington, United States of America  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T7- Planning, Foresight and Risk Analysis Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1873  
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Author (up) Abbas Ganji; Tom Wilson; Sonia Saveli; Dharma Dailey; Mark Haselkorn pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Cause and Effect: A Qualitative Analysis of Obstacles to Information Sharing During a Regional Disaster Exercise Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Information Sharing; Disaster Response; Qualitative Analysis; Collaboration; Coordination  
  Abstract After large-scale disasters, diverse partner agencies rely heavily on an information-sharing environment that supports collaborative work. In the U.S., this occurs under the Incident Command System (ICS), a structured organizational framework for coordinated action. We explore obstacles to information sharing and coordinationobserved at a county-level Emergency Operations Center (EOC) operating under ICS during the response phase of a large-scale regional disaster exercise. Textual observations collected in situ are analyzed for both the effect/manifestation and cause/source of barriers to information sharing. Two-thirds of barriers that manifest as computational issues are not caused by technology breakdowns, and a third caused by unclear processes manifest as computational issues. Overall, obstacles to collaborative work that appear to be related to computational issues are generally attributable to non-technical causes. This indicates that resources directed at improving collaborative management of disasters by enhancing technological capabilities are likely to be misdirected.  
  Address University of Washington, United States of America  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T2- Command and control studies Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1848  
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Author (up) Ahmed Abdeltawab Abdelgawad pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Reliability of expert estimates of cascading failures in Critical Infrastructure Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Expert assessment; Desktop exercise; Tabletop exercise; Modeling and simulation; Dynamic complexity  
  Abstract Owing to the complexity of Critical Infrastructures and the richness of issues to analyze, numerous approaches are used to model the behavior of CIs. Organizations having homeland security as mission often conduct desktop-based simulations using judgmental assessment of CI interdependencies and cascading failures. Expert estimates concern direct effects between the originally disrupted CI sector and other sectors. To better understand the magnitude of aggregate cascading effects, we developed a system dynamics model that uses expert estimates of cascading failures to compare the aggregate effect of cascading failures with the primary direct cascading failures. We find that the aggregate effect of compounded cascading failures becomes significantly greater than the primary cascading failures the longer the duration of the original disruption becomes. Our conceptually simple system dynamics model could be used to improve desktop-based exercises, since it illustrates consequences that go beyond judgmental assessment.  
  Address Centre for Integrated Emergency Management (CIEM), University of Agder, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T1- Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1703  
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Author (up) Ahmed Abdeltawab Abdelgawad; Tina Comes pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Evaluation Framework for the iTRACK Integrated System Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Evaluation Framework, Software Testing, Software Usability, Software Usefulness, Humanitarian Disaster  
  Abstract Evaluation and testing are major steps in the development of any information system, particularly if it is to be used in high-risk contexts such as conflicts. While thus far there are various approaches for testing against technology requirements; usability or usefulness, there is a lack of a comprehensive evaluation framework that combines the three elements. The lack of such a framework and commonly agreed standards constitutes a barrier for innovation, and at the same time imposes risks to responders if the technology is introduced without proper testing. This paper aims to close this gap. Based on a reviewing of evaluation methods and measurement metrics, we design a comprehensive evaluation framework including common code quality testing metrics, usability testing methods, subjective usefulness questionnaires, and performance indicators. We demonstrate our approach by using the example of an integrated system for the safety and security of humanitarian missions, and we highlight how our approach allows measuring the system’s quality and usefulness.  
  Address Centre for Integrated Emergency Management (CIEM), University of Agder, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T12- Tool Talks Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1869  
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Author (up) Amanda Jaber; Björn Johan Erik Johansson; Linnea Bergsten; Joeri Laere van; Peter Berggren pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Evaluating the observation protocol of the Team Resilience Assessment Method for Simulation (TRAMS) Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Simulation games, training, Systemic Resilience Model, team resilience, assessment  
  Abstract This work in progress paper presents an initial evaluation of the observation protocol of the Team Resilience Assessment Method for Simulation (TRAMS) conducted in a crisis response simulation project. TRAMS is designed to assess the resilience of crisis response teams. The TRAMS observation protocol uses six core resilience functions from the Systemic Resilience Model as its theoretical foundation. Three independent observers used the protocol during a pilot study and six actual simulation games. Strategies relating to three out of six core resilience functions could be identified. The observations made were distributed similarly among the observers, indicating that the components of the TRAMS protocol are stable enough to continue developing the protocol. This study describes changes made to the protocol since the original design, and describes how the strategies relating to the six core resilience functions can be identified in the simulation games.  
  Address Linköping University, Sweden;Skövde University, Sweden  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T2- Command and control studies Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1940  
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Author (up) Amanda Langer; Marc-André Kaufhold; Elena Maria Runft; Christian Reuter; Margarita Grinko; Volkmar Pipek pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Counter Narratives in Social Media: An Empirical Study on Combat and Prevention of Terrorism Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Counter Narratives, Online Campaign, Social Media, Terrorism, Radicalisation  
  Abstract With the increase of terrorist attacks and spreading extremism worldwide, countermeasures advance as well. Often

social media is used for recruitment and radicalization of susceptible target groups. Counter narratives are trying

to disclose the illusion created by radical and extremist groups through a purposive and educational counter

statement, and to initiate a rethinking in the affected individuals via thought-provoking impulses and advice. This

exploratory study investigates counter narrative campaigns with regard to their fight and prevention against

terrorism in social media. Posts with strong emotions and a personal reference to affected individuals achieved

the highest impact and most reactions from the target group. Furthermore, our results illustrate that the impact of

a counter narrative campaign cannot be measured solely according to the reaction rate to their postings and that

further analysis steps are therefore necessary for the final evaluation of the campaigns.
 
  Address University of Siegen, Institute for Information Systems, Germany;Technische Universität Darmstadt, Science and Technology for Peace and Security (PEASEC), Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1861  
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Author (up) Ana Gabriela Núñez Avila; Mª Carmen Penadés Gramage pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Towards an organization certified in emergency plans management Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Emergency Plans Management, Total Quality Management, Maturity Levels, Techniques, Certification  
  Abstract QuEP is a framework that guides organizations in assessing and improving their emergency plan management by

following a set of principles, practices, and techniques at the different maturity levels established in the QuEP model.

Its main objective is to be applied to real cases to discover the state of an organization’s emergency plan management

and recommend techniques for improvement. In this paper, we describe the first application of QuEP as a prior step

to its implementation and possible use in official certifications for emergency plans with a guarantee of quality. So,

we have applied a real case in a UPV building towards the certification of the emergency plan management.
 
  Address Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T7- Planning, Foresight and Risk Analysis Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1941  
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Author (up) Ana Rodríguez-Hoyos; José Estrada-Jiménez; David Rebollo-Monedero; Jordi Forné; Rubén Trapero Burgos; Antonio Álvarez Romero; Rodrigo Diaz Rodríguez pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Anonymizing Cybersecurity Data in Critical Infrastructures: The CIPSEC Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords privacy, critical infrastructures, data anonymization, CIPSEC, security logs  
  Abstract Cybersecurity logs are permanently generated by network devices to describe security incidents. With modern

computing technology, such logs can be exploited to counter threats in real time or before they gain a foothold.

To improve these capabilities, logs are usually shared with external entities. However, since cybersecurity logs

might contain sensitive data, serious privacy concerns arise, even more when critical infrastructures (CI), handling

strategic data, are involved.

We propose a tool to protect privacy by anonymizing sensitive data included in cybersecurity logs. We implement

anonymization mechanisms grouped through the definition of a privacy policy. We adapt said approach to the

context of the EU project CIPSEC that builds a unified security framework to orchestrate security products, thus

offering better protection to a group of CIs. Since this framework collects and processes security-related data from

multiple devices of CIs, our work is devoted to protecting privacy by integrating our anonymization approach.
 
  Address Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, España;Escuela Politécnica Nacional (EPN), Quito, Ecuador;ATOS, Madrid, España  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T13 - Privacy Risk Management in Critical Infrastructures Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1934  
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Author (up) Anna Kruspe; Jens Kersten; Friederike Klan pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Detecting event-related tweets by example using few-shot models Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Social media, Twitter, Relevance, Keywords, Hashtags, Few-shot models, One-class classification  
  Abstract Social media sources can be helpful in crisis situations, but discovering relevant messages is not trivial. Methods

have so far focused on universal detection models for all kinds of crises or for certain crisis types (e.g. floods).

Event-specific models could implement a more focused search area, but collecting data and training new models for

a crisis that is already in progress is costly and may take too much time for a prompt response. As a compromise,

manually collecting a small amount of example messages is feasible. Few-shot models can generalize to unseen

classes with such a small handful of examples, and do not need be trained anew for each event. We show how

these models can be used to detect crisis-relevant tweets during new events with just 10 to 100 examples and

counterexamples. We also propose a new type of few-shot model that does not require counterexamples.
 
  Address German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1911  
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Author (up) Anying Chen; Guofeng Su; Manchun Liang pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Simulation of Crowd Response During Emergency Considering People's Rational and Irrational Thinking Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Crowd response, simulation, emergency, herd effect.  
  Abstract Human beings have been facing numerous emergencies which could threaten their property or even their lives in all ages. In order to learn how people respond to the emergencies like earthquakes and fire disasters, a two-stage simulation considering people’s rational thinking and irrational thinking was conducted. Results show that people’s irrational thinking, like the herd effect, could exaggerate people’s behavior of conformity, and it changes the spatial features that stronger herd effect leads to higher cohesion level. It is also worth mentioning that crowd response of condition of smaller population is harder to predict because of its instability, and the response of the very first part of people who make decisions could make great changes to the whole crowd’s response. These results could give some enlightenment on the evacuation instruction during emergencies and future research works.  
  Address Tsinghua University, People's Republic of China  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T1- Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1951  
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Author (up) Asmelash Teka Hadgu; Sallam Abualhaija; Claudia Niederée pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Real-time Adaptive Crawler for Tracking Unfolding Events on Twitter Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords social search, real-time adaptive search, event tracking, crsis communication  
  Abstract When a major event such as a crisis situation occurs, people post messages on social media sites such as Twitter, in

order to exchange information or to share emotions. These posts can provide useful information to raise situation

awareness and support decision making, e.g., by aid organizations. In this paper, we propose a novel method for

social media crawling, which exploits a Bayesian inference framework to keep track of keyword changes over time

and uses a counter-stream to gauge the inclusion of noise and irrelevant information. In addition, we present a

framework to evaluate real-time adaptive social search algorithms in a reproducible manner, which relies on a

semi-automated approach for ground-truth construction. We show that our method outperforms previous methods

for very large scale events.
 
  Address L3S Research Center, Leibniz universität Hannover, Germany;Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1985  
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Author (up) Aurélie Congès; Frédérick Bénaben; Olivier Pierre; Francis Savic; Olivier Chabiron; Matthieu Lauras pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title On the usage of Virtual Reality for Crisis Management exercises in Critical Industrial Sites Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Virtual reality, training, coordination  
  Abstract EGCERSIS is a starting research program aiming at defining a virtual collaborative training space for crisis management. It should provide the users (first and second aid, firefighters, etc.) with a way to virtually perform operational and strategic tasks of crisis management in digital twins of critical infrastructures. The training system is structured according to four main components: (i) protocol and tools for digital twins generation, (ii) scenario editor dedicated to defining crisis use-cases within the modeled digital twins, (iii) integration with the technological crisis management platform (RIO-Suite), and (iv) monitoring component in charge of the continuous edition of dashboards (real-time and afterward). The main expected benefit of the EGCERSIS program is to create a breakthrough in the way training and exercises are performed in critical sites.  
  Address IMT Mines Albi, France;Immersive Factory;Report One  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T14 - Protecting Critical Infrastructures in Crisis Situations Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1992  
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Author (up) Axel Dierich; Katerina Tzavella; Neysa Jacqueline Setiadi; Alexander Fekete; Florian Neisser pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Enhanced Crisis-Preparation of Critical Infrastructures through a Participatory Qualitative-Quantitative Interdependency Analysis Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Critical Infrastructure Protection, Interdependency, Resilience, Vulnerability, Cascading Effects, Emergency Management, Participatory Approach  
  Abstract Critical Infrastructure (CI) failures are aggravated by cascading effects due to interdependencies between

different infrastructure systems and with emergency management. Findings of the German, BMBF-funded

research project “CIRMin” highlight needs for concrete assessments of such interdependencies. Driven by

challenges of limited data and knowledge accessibility, the developed approach integrates qualitative

information from expert interviews and discussions with quantitative, place-based analyses in three selected

German cities and an adjacent county.

This paper particularly discusses how the mixed methods approach has been operationalized. Based on

anonymized findings, it provides a comprehensive guidance to interdependency analysis, from survey and

categorization of system elements and interrelations, their possible mutual impacts, to zooming into selected

dependencies through GIS mapping. This facilitates reliably assessing the need for maintenance of critical

functionalities in crisis situations, available resources, auxiliary powers, and optimization of response time.
 
  Address inter 3 Institute for Resource Management, Germany;Technische Hochschule Köln, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T14 - Protecting Critical Infrastructures in Crisis Situations Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1883  
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Author (up) Bas Lijnse pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Robust Private Web Maps with Open Tools and Open Data Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Maps, Web-Based Systems, Tools, Open Data, OpenStreetMap  
  Abstract Crisis management information often has a geospatial dimension that allows it to be visualized on a map. As

more and more systems are developed as web-based applications, maps have also become a common sight in such

applications. The de-facto solution to add maps to web-based applications is to integrate a third-party service.

For web-based crisis management information systems, this approach has two disadvantages. First, the third-party

service must be available and reachable. Second, by using third-party services you implicitly share what you are

viewing, with the risk of unintentionally exposing sensitive location information. In this Tool Talks paper, we show

how to create a robust and private alternative for web-based maps using open source tools and open data.
 
  Address Netherlands Defence Academy / Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands, The  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T12- Tool Talks Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1875  
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Author (up) Basanta Chaulagain; Aman Shakya; Bhuwan Bhatt; Dip Kiran Pradhan Newar; Sanjeeb Prasad Panday; Rom Kant Pandey pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Casualty Information Extraction and Analysis from News Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords casualty, information extraction, news articles, casualty data visualization  
  Abstract During unforeseen situations of crisis such as disasters and accidents we usually have to rely on local news reports for the latest updates on casualties. The information in such feeds is in unstructured text format, however, structured data is required for analysis and visualization. This paper presents a system for automatic extraction and visualization of casualty information from news articles. A prototype online system has been implemented and tested with local news feed of road accidents. The system extracts information regarding number of deaths, injuries, date, location, and vehicles involved using techniques like Named Entity Recognition, Semantic Role Labeling and Regular expressions. The entities were manually annotated and compared with the results obtained from the system. Initial results are promising with good accuracy overall. Moreover, the system maintains an online database of casualties and provides information visualization and filtering interfaces for analysis.  
  Address Dept. of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Nepal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T10- Knowledge, Semantics and AI for RISK and CRISIS management Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1923  
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Author (up) Bjørn Erik Munkvold; Jaziar Radianti; Jan Ketil Rød; Tomasz Opach; Mikael Snaprud; Sofie Pilemalm; Deborah Bunker pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Sharing Incident and Threat Information for Common Situational Understanding Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Common operational picture, situational awareness, collaboration support, geographic information systems, terminology harmonisation  
  Abstract This paper presents the INSITU research project initiated to provide a systematic approach for effective sharing, integration and use of information from different sources, to establish a common operational picture (COP) and shared situational understanding among multiple actors in emergency response. The solution developed will provide an interactive map display, integrating harmonisation of terminology and collaboration support for information sharing and synthesis. The enhanced COP will also support evaluation and learning from exercises and incidents. The project involves close collaboration with emergency management stakeholders in Norway, for requirements analysis, participatory design, and validation of project deliverables. The research will improve information sharing and decision support in emergency operations centres, which will contribute to improve societal resilience through more effective response capability.  
  Address CIEM, University of Agder;Norwegian University of Science and Technology;Tingtun AS;CARER, Linköping University;University of Sydney  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T15- Open Track Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1994  
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Author (up) Carole Adam; Eric Andonoff pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Vigi Flood: a serious game for understanding the challenges of crisis communication Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Flash floods, crisis communication, trust, agent-based modelling and simulation, serious game  
  Abstract Emergency managers receive communication training about the importance of being ’first, right and credible’,

which is not easy. For instance, in October 2018, the Aude department in the South-West of France was hit by

intense rain. Flash floods were hard to forecast and only the ’orange’ level of vigilance could be raised initially, but

the population dismissed this very usual warning in that season. The ’red’ level was then raised too late, leading

to high criticism. The main problem here is the loss of trust induced by too many ’false alarms’. In this paper

we propose a serious game called VigiFlood for raising awareness in the population about the difficulty of crisis

communication and their own responsibility for reacting to the alerts. The implemented game still has limited

functionality but already shows interesting results in helping the user to visualise and understand the trust dynamics
 
  Address University Grenoble-Alpes, France;University Toulouse-Capitole, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T5- Intelligent and Semantic Web Systems Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1917  
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Author (up) Christelle Pierkot; Sidonie Christophe; Jean François Girres pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Exploring multiplexing tools for co-visualization in crisis units Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords geovisualization, multiplexing tools, crisis management.  
  Abstract Natural hazards can generate damages in large inhabited areas in a very short time period. Crisis managers must

plan interventions very quickly to facilitate the arrival of the first emergency. In a crisis unit, experts visualize

heterogeneous visual representations of spatio-temporal information, in order to facilitate decision-making,

based on various types of screens, i.e. laptops, tablets, or wall screens. Visualizing all this information at the

same time on the same interface would lead to cognitive overload. In this paper, we assume that it could be of

interest to provide innovative co-visualization models and tools, to bring hazard, geospatial and climate

information together, in a shared interface. We propose to explore spatial and temporal multiplexing tools within

a dedicated geovisualization environment, in order to help expert decision-making. The proposition is

implemented with the case study of a tsunami event in the Caribbean sea.
 
  Address Univ. Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, IRD, UMR GRED 220, F34000 Montpellier, France;Univ. Paris-Est, LASTIG GEOVIS, IGN, ENSG, F-94160 Saint-Mande, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T6- Geospatial Technologies and Geographic Information Science for Crisis Management (GIS) Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1871  
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Author (up) Christoph Amelunxen; Janina Isabella Sander pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Information collection using process visualisation in the risk management concept for emergency response Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Pictogram-based process visualisation, risk management, risk identification, emergency response, CBRN  
  Abstract Security-critical processes of emergency response are part of a complex system of people, organisation and

technology. They are often characterised by their own dynamics, interconnectedness and information deficits. In

addition, a wide variety of stakeholders, some from different organisations, work together, each specialising in a

specific area. In order to capture this (process-) knowledge in risk management, information from the experts is

necessary. However, experts are difficult to access, often separated locally, cost-intensive and usually have little

time (discussion-) capacity. A pictogram-based process visualisation was developed within the risk management

concept. The method could be validated within a European project in an expert workshop. This was done using

the example of a CBRN mass casualty incident. By using the methods presented, very good qualitative and

quantitative results can be achieved from the perspectives of various organisations and their experts. The limited

resource ”expert” is used optimally.
 
  Address Paderborn University, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T7- Planning, Foresight and Risk Analysis Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1977  
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Author (up) Claudio Arbib; Davide Arcelli; Julie Dugdale; Mahyar Tourchi Moghaddam; Henry Muccini pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Real-time Emergency Response through Performant IoT Architectures Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Emergency Evacuation, IoT, Software Architecture, Network Optimization, Queuing Network.  
  Abstract This paper describes the design of an Internet of Things (IoT) system for building evacuation. There are two main

design decisions for such systems: i) specifying the platform on which the IoT intelligent components should be

located; and ii) establishing the level of collaboration among the components. For safety-critical systems, such as

evacuation, real-time performance and evacuation time are critical. The approach aims to minimize computational

and evacuation delays and uses Queuing Network (QN) models. The approach was tested, by computer simulation,

on a real exhibition venue in Alan Turing Building, Italy, that has 34 sets of IoT sensors and actuators. Experiments

were performed that tested the effect of segmenting the physical space into different sized virtual cubes. Experiments

were also conducted concerning the distribution of the software architecture. The results show that using centralized

architectural pattern with a segmentation of the space into large cubes is the only feasible solution.
 
  Address University of L'Aquila, Italy;University of Grenoble  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T5- Intelligent and Semantic Web Systems Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1986  
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Author (up) Daniel Auferbauer; Christoph Ruggenthaler; Gerald Czech; Ivan Gojmerac pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Taxonomy of Community Interaction in Crises and Disasters Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Information and communication technology, sociotechnical systems, crisis and disaster management, community interaction  
  Abstract Taxonomies are integral to systems engineering, as they structure our knowledge of a field and so provide the

foundation for technological development. We contribute such taxonomies for the field of Community

Interaction and Engagement in Crisis and Disaster Management, which represents the interface between

members of the public who commit to relief efforts and established organisations that have a pre-defined role in

crisis management. These actors are unified in their purpose to help those in need, but also set apart by their

organisational structures and modes of operation. We classify the actors of Community Interaction and

Engagement, as well as the interactions between them. Our contribution outlines areas where the application of

Information and Communication Technology can offer benefits to Community Interaction and Engagement.
 
  Address AIT Austrian Institute of Technology;Austrian Red Cross  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T11- Community Engagement & Healthcare Systems Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1870  
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Author (up) Daniel Auferbauer; Roman Ganhör; Hilda Tellioglu pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Opportunistic Affiliation in Spontaneous Volunteer Management Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Crisis and disaster management, spontaneous volunteers, command and control, volunteer management  
  Abstract Spontaneous volunteers influence crisis and disaster relief efforts as both an effective aid and a stressing factor for emergency organisations. Managing the negative impacts of spontaneous volunteering has thus become part of command and control deliberations. In this paper, we take a closer look at integrating spontaneous volunteers into the formal response system to mitigate negative impacts.

Working with participants from formal response organisations, we gathered qualitative data regarding the management of spontaneous volunteers during the European migration crisis in 2015.

Through thematic analysis, we extracted topics to systematically describe the interaction between emergency organisations and spontaneous volunteers. As implication thereof, we propose how computer supported systems can be applied to better manage spontaneous volunteers. In our discussion, we focus on the registration process and ad hoc verification of spontaneous volunteers to better integrate them in the formal response process.
 
  Address AIT Austrian Institute of Technology;TU Wien  
  Corporate Author