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Author (up) Seungwon Yang; Haeyong Chung; Xiao Lin; Sunshin Lee; Liangzhe Chen; Andrew Wood; Andrea Kavanaugh; Steven D. Sheetz; Donald J. Shoemaker; Edward A. Fox pdf 
  Title PhaseVis1: What, when, where, and who in visualizing the four phases of emergency management through the lens of social media Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 912-917  
  Keywords Civil defense; Classification (of information); Data visualization; Information systems; Risk management; 10-fold cross-validation; Classification algorithm; Classification evaluation; Emergency management; Potential utility; ThemeRiver; Through the lens; Twitter; Disasters  
  Abstract The Four Phase Model of Emergency Management has been widely used in developing emergency/disaster response plans. However, the model has received criticism contrasting the clear phase distinctions in the model with the complex and overlapping nature of phases indicated by empirical evidence. To investigate how phases actually occur, we designed PhaseVis based on visualization principles, and applied it to Hurricane Isaac tweet data. We trained three classification algorithms using the four phases as categories. The 10-fold cross-validation showed that Multi-class SVM performed the best in Precision (0.8) and Naïve Bayes Multinomial performed the best in F-1 score (0.782). The tweet volume in each category was visualized as a ThemeRiver[TM], which shows the 'What' aspect. Other aspects – 'When', 'Where', and 'Who' – Are also integrated. The classification evaluation and a sample use case indicate that PhaseVis has potential utility in disasters, aiding those investigating a large disaster tweet dataset.  
  Address Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States; Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States; Department of Sociology, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Social Media Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1122  
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