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Author Robert Zinke; Laura Künzer; Benjamin Schröder; Christina Schäfer pdf 
  Title Integrating Human Factors into Evacuation Simulations – Application of the Persona Method for Generating Populations Type Conference Article
  Year 2017 Publication Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2017  
  Volume Issue Pages 127-138  
  Keywords Persona method; pedestrian simulation; preparedness; human factors; evacuation  
  Abstract For assessing evacuation dynamics in disaster situations, current approaches of pedestrian simulations increasingly include additional human characteristics. One aim is to assess realistic effects of structural changes of an infrastructure on evacuation behavior displayed by users. Creating agents with supplementary physical and psychological human characteristics and assembling the agents in accordance to the user’s population may be beneficial not only to support decision making. The analysis of simulated effects of, e.g., informational strategies will foster crisis and disaster management. This paper combines knowledge about users in subway systems and highlights benefits of using the Persona method to improve objectivity in the specification of different user types. Persona method is adapted to pedestrian simulation. Using data from the authors´ field studies, personas are developed and implemented for an evacuation simulation. First findings suggest that including personas into pedestrian simulation influences the results with respect to the required safe evacuation time (RSET).  
  Address Team Human Factors; Jülich Supercomputing Centre; CIK –Paderborn University  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Albi, France Editor Tina Comes, Frédérick Bénaben, Chihab Hanachi, Matthieu Lauras, Aurélie Montarnal, eds  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title (up)  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1451  
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