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Author (up) Toshihiro Osaragi; Noriaki Hirokawa pdf  isbn
  Title Simulation Analysis of Fire Hydrant Usability Levels after Large Earthquake Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords large earthquake; hydrant; water outage; fire-spread; firefighter  
  Abstract Since large earthquakes can disrupt water supply networks, it is essential to gain an understanding of the expected

usability of fire hydrants in post-quake firefighting activities. In this study, data about water supply networks was

collected and a water outage simulation model was constructed in order to predict the likelihood that individual

fire hydrants would become unusable in the wake of a large earthquake. The water outage simulation model was

integrated with a previously developed urban zone damage simulation and a fire department activity simulation

in order to carry out a simulation-based analysis of the 23 wards of Tokyo, after which a quantitative analysis of

the relation-ship between use of fire hydrants and the number of buildings lost to fire was performed. This analysis

revealed the benefits of hardening water lines against earthquakes, fire hydrant usage variations depending on

locality, and the benefits of using water pressure sensors to identify usable fire hydrants.
  Address Tokyo Institute of Technology  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T1- Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1712  
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