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Author (up) Richard McCreadie; Cody Buntain; Ian Soboroff pdf 
  Title TREC Incident Streams: Finding Actionable Information on Social Media Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages 691-705  
  Keywords Emergency Management; Crisis Informatics; Real-time; Twitter; Categorization  
  Abstract The Text Retrieval Conference (TREC) Incident Streams track is a new initiative that aims to mature social media-based emergency response technology. This initiative advances the state of the art in this area through an evaluation challenge, which attracts researchers and developers from across the globe. The 2018 edition of the track provides a standardized evaluation methodology, an ontology of emergency-relevant social media information types, proposes a scale for information criticality, and releases a dataset containing fifteen test events and approximately 20,000 labelled tweets. Analysis of this dataset reveals a significant amount of actionable information on social media during emergencies (>10%). While this data is valuable for emergency response efforts, analysis of the 39 state-of-the-art systems demonstrate a performance gap in identifying this data. We therefore find the current state-of-the-art is insufficient for emergency responders' requirements, particularly for rare actionable information for which there is little prior training data available.  
  Address (1) University of Glasgow, United Kingdom; (2) New York University, USA; (3) National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes richard.mccreadie@glasgow.ac.uk; cody@bunta.in; ian.soboroff@nist.gov Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1753  
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