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Author (up) Nils Bourgon; Benamara Farah; Alda Mari; Véronique Moriceau; Gaetan Chevalier; Laurent Leygue; Yasmine Djadda pdf  isbn
  Title Are Sudden Crises Making me Collapse? Measuring Transfer Learning Performances on Urgency Detection Type Conference Article
  Year 2022 Publication ISCRAM 2022 Conference Proceedings 19th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2022  
  Volume Issue Pages 701-709  
  Keywords Sudden crises; Transfer learning; Few-shot learning; Zero-shot learning; Social media content  
  Abstract This paper aims at measuring transfer learning performances across different types of crises related to sudden or unexpected events (like earthquakes, terror attacks, explosions, technological incidents) that cannot be foreseen by emergency services and on the occurrence of which they have virtually no control. Although sudden crises are present in most existing crisis datasets, as far as we are aware, no one studied their impact on classifiers performances when evaluated in an out-of-type scenario in which models are tested on a particular type of crisis unseen during training. Our contribution is threefold: (1) A new dataset of about 3,800 French tweets related to four sudden events that occurred in France annotated for both relatedness (i.e., useful vs. not useful for emergency responders) and urgency (i.e., not useful vs. urgent vs. not urgent), (2) A set of monotask and multitask zero-shot learning experiments to transfer knowledge across events and types, and finally, (3) Experiments involving few-shot learning to measure the amount of sudden events instances needed during training to guarantee good performances. When compared to a cross-event setting, our preliminary results are encouraging and show that transfer from predictable ecological crisis to sudden events is feasible and constitutes a first step towards real-time crisis management systems from social media content.  
  Address IRIT, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Toulouse INP, UT3; IRIT, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Toulouse INP, UT3; IJN, CNRS/ENS/EHESS PSL University; IRIT, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Toulouse INP, UT3; DGSCGC SDAIRS; DGSCGC SDAIRS  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Tarbes, France Editor Rob Grace; Hossein Baharmand  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-82-8427-099-9 Medium  
  Track Social Media for Crisis Management Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2449  
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