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Author (up) Philippe Kruchten; Carson Woo; Kafui Monu; Mandana Sotoodeh pdf  isbn
  Title A human-centered conceptual model of disasters affecting critical infrastructures Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2007 Academic Proceedings Papers Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2007  
  Volume Issue Pages 327-344  
  Keywords Civil defense; Critical infrastructures; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Intelligent agents; Ontology; Conceptual modelling; Disaster management; Emergency preparedness; Infrastructure interdependencies; Meta model; Uml; Public works  
  Abstract Understanding the interdependencies of critical infrastructures (power, transport, communication, etc.) is essential in emergency preparedness and response in the face of disasters. Unfortunately, many factors (e.g., unwillingness to disclose or share critical data) prohibited the complete development of such an understanding. As an alternative solution, this paper presents a conceptual model-an ontology-of disasters affecting critical infrastructures. We bring humans into the loop and distinguish between the physical and social interdependencies between infrastructures, where the social layer deals with communication and coordination among representatives (either humans or intelligent agents) from the various critical infrastructures. We validated our conceptual model with people from several different critical infrastructures responsible for disasters management. We expect that this conceptual model can later be used by them as a common language to communicate, analyze, and simulate their interdependencies without having to disclose all critical and confidential data. We also derived tools from it.  
  Address Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Delft Editor B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt, K. Nieuwenhuis  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789054874171; 9789090218717 Medium  
  Track ASCM Expedition Conference 4th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 662  
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