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Author (up) Peter Serwylo; Paul Arbon; Grace Rumantir pdf  isbn
  Title Predicting patient presentation rates at mass gatherings using machine learning Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Artificial intelligence; Data mining; Forecasting; Information systems; Event Types; Heat indices; Machine learning techniques; Mass gathering; Optimization techniques; Predictive models; Predictive variables; Time of day; Learning systems  
  Abstract Mass gatherings have been defined as events where more than 1,000 people are present for a defined period of time. Such an event presents specific challenges with respect to medical care. First aid is provisioned on-site at most events in order to prevent undue strain on the local emergency services. In order to allocate enough resources to deal with the expected injuries, it is important to be able to accurately predict patient volumes. This study used machine learning techniques to identify which variables are the most important in predicting patient volumes at mass gatherings. Data from 201 mass gatherings across Australia was analysed, finding that event type is the most predictive variable, followed by the state or territory, heat index, humidity, whether it is bounded, and the time of day. Variables with little bearing on the outcome included the presence of alcohol, whether the event was indoors or outdoors, and whether it had one point of focus. The best predictive models produced acceptable predictions of the patient presentations 80% of the time, and this could be further improved using optimization techniques.  
  Address Monash University, Australia; Flinders University, Australia  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium  
  Track Planning and Foresight Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 938  
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