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Author Daniel Iland; Elizabeth Belding pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Dynamic, Data-Driven Optimization of Solar Powered Charging Kiosks for Crisis Response Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Solar Power; Charging Kiosk; Emergency Power; Current Limiting; Rapid Reconfiguration  
  Abstract In this paper, we describe methodologies for using portable, solar powered charging kiosks to provide mobile phone charging to communities following a disaster. We do not strive to provide a comprehensive alternative to grid power, rather we focus on charging mobile phones and other battery-powered devices. The small size of portable solar systems come with a trade-off: demand for power may exceed battery capacity and solar power generation. In such cases, power output must be regulated in order to maintain the functionality of the system, or the system may be modified to produce more power by adding more solar panels, or to store more power by adding additional batteries. We model user demand for power and kiosk power generation, battery status, and power output to inform the development, deployment, operation and reconfiguration of such kiosks following a disaster.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3400 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-21 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1340  
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Author Haitao Sun; Zhiru Wang; Guofeng Su; Jianguo Chen pdf  isbn
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  Title Topological Structure Vulnerability Assessment of Shanghai Urban Metro Networks Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Urban Metro Networks; Vulnerability; Robustness; Target Attack; Random Failure  
  Abstract Topological structure vulnerability assessment approach for Urban Metro Networks (UMNS) was proposed in order to decrease the impact caused by incidents. Failure scale of stations and sections random failure and target attacks was evaluated. The results show that UMNS is more vulnerable to target attacks on stations than random failure on stations. But UMNS is less vulnerable to target attacks on sections than random failure on sections. Additionally, UMNS is more vulnerable to station failure than sections. It could be concluded as more resources should be put on big transfer stations in UMNS operation management to avoid large scale impacts. The proposed methodology is not intended to predict the occurrence of events but rather to be used a management tool. Results from the evaluation are valuable elements in planning UMNS. They can be used for network planning, further detailed hazard studies, deciding on the arrangement of emergency resources.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3401 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-22 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1341  
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Author Mark Parent; Jean-François Gagnon; Tiago H. Falk; Sébastien Tremblay pdf  isbn
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  Title Modeling the Operator Functional State for Emergency Response Management Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Emergency Management; Simulation; Operator Functional State; Mental Workload; Stress  
  Abstract New technologies are available for emergency management experts to help them cope with challenges such as information overload, multitasking and fatigue. Among these technologies, a wide variety of physiological sensors can now be deployed to measure the Operator Functional State (OFS). To be truly useful, such measures should not only characterize the overall OFS, but also the specific dimensions such as stress or mental workload. This experiment aimed to (1) design a multi-dimensional model of OFS, and (2) test its application to an emergency management situation. First, physiological data of participants were collected during controlled experimental tasks. Then, a support vector classifier of mental workload and stress was trained. Finally, the resulting model was tested during an emergency management simulation. Results suggest that the model could be applied to emergency management situations, and leave the door open for its application to emergency response on the field.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3398 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-19 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1337  
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Author Michael Bartolacci; Stanko Dimitrov pdf  isbn
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  Title A Network Interdiction Perspective for Providing Emergency Communications: An Analysis for Promoting Resiliency Subject to Resource Constraints and Security Concerns Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Emergency Communications; Network Interdiction Model  
  Abstract Disasters, whether natural or manmade, and other types of emergencies create the need for immediate and secure communications between and among the affected populace, governmental agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other types of emergency responders. It is through these communications that the affected populace is able to show resilient behavior, both psychologically and economically. A network interdiction model is proposed that can be utilized to create a more reliable design for such a communications network against the motives of would-be attackers whose aim it is to disrupt emergency communications and inflict damage on the affected populace. The contribution of this work is the application of the network interdiction modeling framework to an emergency communication scenario.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3402 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-23 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1342  
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Author Takuya Oki; Toshihiro Osaragi pdf  isbn
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  Title Wide-area Evacuation Difficulty in Densely-built Wooden Residential Areas Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Large Earthquake; Wide-area Evacuation Difficulty; Property Damage; Multi-Agent Simulation; Densely-built Wooden Residential Area  
  Abstract In aiming to decrease the number of casualties and people with difficulty in wide-area evacuations due to a large earthquake, it is highly important to visualize and quantify the potential danger in residential areas. In this paper, we construct a multi-agent simulation model, which describes property damage (such as building-collapse, the spread of fire and blocking of streets) and people’s evacuation behavior after an earthquake occurring. Using this simulation model, we quantify the wide-area evacuation difficulty in densely-built wooden residential areas, and evaluate the past project to improve buildings and streets based on this indicator. Furthermore, we demonstrate the effects of adding new evacuation routes between two intersections of streets with narrow width and long distance. Through these case studies, the effectiveness of our simulation model on urban disaster mitigation planning is shown.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3397 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-18 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1336  
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Author Tongshen Zheng; Shunjiang Ni; Shifei Shen; Yan Wang; Yang Tai pdf  isbn
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  Title Numerical Study of Radioactive Pollutants Dispersion in Radioactive “Dirty Bomb” Events Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Atmospheric Dispersion; Radioactive “Dirty Bomb”; Configurations of Building; Concentration Distribution; Emergency Response  
  Abstract The simulation of radioactive pollutants dispersion is critical for emergency response of the nuclear terrorism. The radioactive “dirty bomb”, also called radiological dispersion device (RDD), produced and used by the terrorist to make fearful and radioactive pollution in general, has a great risk on humans. Numerical investigation of the impact of different configurations on radioactive pollution release and dispersion in urban buildings is made in this paper. The numerical simulations used the OpenFOAM, a free and open source software for computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and the simulations can be implanted to the information system of the nuclear terrorism emergency decision support system(EDSS) as the consequence assessment subsystem conveniently. The study showed that the configurations of building canyon and the position relationship of the source item and the buildings both affect the concentration distributions around the buildings.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3403 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-24 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1343  
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Author Victor A. Bañuls; Cristina López-Vargas; Fernando Tejedor; Murray Turoff; Miguel Ramirez de la Huerga pdf  isbn
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  Title Validating Cross-Impact Analysis in Project Risk Management Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Scenarios; Cross-Impact Analysis (CIA); Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM); Risk Events; Project Management  
  Abstract Companies work increasingly more on projects as a means of executing organizational decisions. However, too many enterprise projects result in failure. Hence, firms should follow a risk management method that drives their projects toward success. Nevertheless, project managers often deal with risks intuitively. This is partly because they lack the proper means to correctly manage the underlying risks which affect the entire cycle of their projects. Therefore, one purpose is to identify the critical events that managers may encounter before the beginning of the project and during its development. In addition, we propose CIA-ISM to represent existing relationships between the unforeseen events in the project’s lifetime and their key performance indicators. This also predicts the influence of risks on project performance over time by means of scenarios. The tool proposed would thus help practitioners to manage enterprise projects risks in a more effective and proactive way. We have validated the predictive capability of the CIA-ISM model with 22 real projects. The results show a high level of predictive capability in terms of risk analysis and key performance indicators.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-8 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1338  
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Author Yi Xiong; Weiping Si; Xia Wu pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Analysis of Emergency Response for Accident of Oil and Gas Pipeline Based on Stochastic Petri Net Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Emergency Response; Oil and Gas Pipeline Accident; Performance; SPN  
  Abstract Emergency response plays an important role in reducing the loss of an accident. And the excellent plan is important to ensure the high efficiency of the emergency response system. However, actions of emergency response arranged in emergency plan can hardly be assessed before the plan is used. Stochastic Petri Net (SPN) is proposed to analyze the performance of emergency response for oil and gas pipeline accident. The results show that the average execution time of SPN model can be used to evaluate effectiveness of emergency response. Then place average mark number indicates that emergency decision-making is the most important segment to optimize emergency work flow. And utilization rate of transition shows that decreasing the cost time of maintenance is the key to improve efficiency of emergency response.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3399 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-20 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 1339  
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