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Author Avi Parush; Adva Springer; Ruth Livkind; Shani Laendler; Tal Solomon; Alex Nicola; Ksenia Kaganer pdf  isbn
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  Title Simulator and Game-based Multi-level Training of Cognitive Skills and EMS Teamwork in Multi-casualty Incident Management Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper introduces a simulator to train cognitive skills and teamwork of EMS teams engaged in a multi-casualty incident. It focuses on the multi-level EMS management of the incident: the collaborative training of the onsite paramedics and offsite dispatch operators in a flexible manner. The simulator’s configuration consists of two primary modules: 1. The multi-casualty incident site module, consisting of a fully interactive 3D serious game for a single trainee playing the role of the onsite paramedic in charge of managing the EMS; and 2. The EMS dispatch center module for two trainees, one playing the dispatch supervisor and the other playing a dispatch operator. This module includes also a situation display to facilitate situational awareness skills, predictive thinking, natural decision making, and team transactive memory systems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1420  
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Author Boni Su; Hong Huang; Zhiqiang Wang; Nan Zhang; Wei Zhu; Xinfeng Wei pdf  isbn
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  Title Urban pluvial flood risk assessment based on scenario simulation Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this study, urban pluvial flood risk is studied in an actual study area using scenario simulation method based on hydrodynamics. Real weather data and GIS (Geographic Information System) data are adopted to make the results reliable. A region in Haidian District of Beijing is selected as the study area. All the rainfall scenarios (about 200 scenarios) during an 8-year period (from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2015) are obtained from hourly precipitation data. These rainfall scenarios are used as input for numerical simulations. Spatial-temporal distributions of water depth are obtained through numerical simulation base on SWEs (Shallow-Water Equations). GPU computing technique is applied to increase simulation speed greatly. Influence of rainfall parameters on flood water depth is analyzed. The results show that water depth becomes higher if rainfall duration and average rainfall intensity increase. Moreover, situation of water depth is not only related to overall parameters like rainfall duration or rainfall intensity, but also related to other details of rainfall. Water depth exceedance probability curves of every location and every building are obtained, and different characteristics of the curves are discussed. Finally, the effect of water depth exceedance probability curves of buildings on designing building foundation height is shown. This study is helpful to the risk assessments of urban pluvial flood.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1422  
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Author Christophe Viavattene; Simon McCarthy; Michelle Ferri; Martina Monego; Maurizio Mazzoleni pdf  isbn
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  Title Evaluation of emergency protocols using agent-based approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Disaster Operations Management; Response Resource Allocation Planning; Emergency Protocol; Agent-Based Modelling  
  Abstract Integrated flood risk management involves a large portfolio of options for mitigating risks that includes hard and soft structural, non-structural, and recovery responses. Non-structural responses include flood warnings, emergency services supported by individuals, collective actions and the use of resistance and resilience measures. Sufficient flood warning time, appropriate actions at desired locations and time are essential for effective and beneficial responses. From this perspective beside the management of the crisis itself, the level of preparedness including the evaluation of plans involving such responses (e.g. emergency protocols) also needs to be sufficient and, thus in the context of various event scenarios.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1424  
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Author Emil Gatial; Zoltan Balogh; Ladislav Hluchy pdf  isbn
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  Title Data Interoperability Approach during Major Accidents Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This abstract discusses the methods of data interoperability among various first responder and associated agencies. The main motivation is to support the rescuers facing operational problems in accessing information from various sources and providing advanced features for command and control centers. Useful information is often heterogeneous and distributed among many organizations in the diverse information sources with the different access rights and with the different qualities. Timely exchange of relevant information among competent authorities, a common understanding of data and a swift transmission of knowledge can save the lives and protect properties. The discussed approaches are researched in the scope of REDIRNET project, which focuses on enhancing the first responder agencies interoperability through the cost-effective solution. Interoperability methods, proposed in REDIRNET, try to overcome closed (non-interoperable) information systems by creating the plug-ins for various types of devices and providing the guidelines for legacy data integration. Developed plug-ins may be reused later by different agencies that use compatible technologies.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1429  
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Author Gilbert Huber; Angela Righi; José Orlando Gomes; Paulo Victor Rodrigues de Carvalho; Caio Lemos; Kézia Emydgio pdf  isbn
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  Title Firefighting emergency response exercise – an analysis of standardization and resilience Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Emergency Response; Simulation; Resilience; Standardization; Firefighter  
  Abstract This work aims to analyse an emergency response tabletop simulation exercise undertaken as part of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) State’s Fire Department’s officer training program and conducted at Rio de Janeiro State’s Command and Control Center (CICC). Eleven groups of three officers acting as one played the roles of unit commanders. The exercise concerned the use of a set of SOPs and our research sought to identify sources of resilience and brittleness. From an initial scenario, the inserts escalated the action so as to require the commanders’ responses to exercise 12 different SOPs, many simultaneously. This provided the context for the simulation´s main goal, which was to exercise and verify the knowledge, use, and suitability of the procedure related to the management of operational events of larger scale, duration, or complexity. Data collection and analysis followed cognitive task analysis methodology and included audio and video recording of the simulation and parts of its two preparation workshops. The simulated exercise showed the relationship between standardization and resilience. Not all of the expected SOPs set were utilized, in part due to the exercise design, in part due to gaps in participants’ knowledge of SOPs, and in part due to acknowledged limitations of SOPs to deal with all cases real world contexts. This need for adaptation is an aspect increasingly present in complex systems, such as the one studied here, as the unexpected variability arising from the interaction between the many different elements that compose them can exceed the capacity of the SOPs to deal with it. Knowledge and analysis of the need for adaptation can contribute on different fronts: (i) better training for more conscious and safer recognition, planning and implementation of adjustments; (ii) the design or reformulation of SOPs better able to deal with real activity by considering aspects revealed by brittleness; and (iii) artefacts design to support these demands for recognition and enforcement, ensuring increasingly resilient, efficient and secure systems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1430  
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Author Ishigaki Yang; Matsuno Yutaka; Bando Koichi; Tanaka Kenji pdf  isbn
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  Title A Prototype Development of Assurance Cases Tool and Experiments on SNS Discussion of Radiation Disaster Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This poster will discuss how to make consensus building on disaster management including citizens and professionals. For ordinary citizens, it is difficult to understand scientific information such as about radiation disaster. This poster reports our progress of developing a prototype SNS tool for facilitating citizens to understand such scientific information. The prototype system is based on the notion of assurance cases, which have been recently widely used for system assurance in safety and security critical systems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1431  
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Author Jane Ciambele S. da Silva; Alyson Matheus C. Souza; Ademir Bezerra Silva Júnior; Ricardo Matos de Carvalho; Pitágoras José Bindé; Liam Bannon; Paulo Victor Carvalho pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title A community ergonomics framework for the development of early warning systems Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The heavy rains that hit Natal city, Brazil, on June 14th, 2014, during the 2014 FIFA World Cup, caused an intense landslide in Mãe Luíza neighborhood, that resulted in a huge crater, affecting the life of 187 families, and 26 of them had their homes completely destroyed. It made explicit the weakness and unpreparedness of government and nongovernmental organizations and community to deal with crisis management. This paper highlights the relevance of a situated and participatory design framework for the development of an ICT solution for an early warning system for disaster situations to be used by members of communities and agents through low cost mobile devices. Community Ergonomics method was used to understand the community demands, to model the current early warning system, and finally to propose a new framework to develop and test a new early warning app for disaster risk and orientation during evacuation. It is expected that it will actually help to improve the global resilience of the city in face of the risks and disasters.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1421  
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Author Josiane Rodrigues Eugênio; Lutiane Queiroz de Almeida; Vinnícius Vale Dionízio França pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Disaster risk indicators in Brazil: a case study in Rio Grande do Norte State Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Guides; Instructions; Length; Conference Publications  
  Abstract The following paper provides a tool to help evaluate, visualize and communicate different levels of exposure, vulnerability and risk at a regional level in BrazilKeywords. The indices show that social vulnerability is a determining factor for high disaster risk values.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1419  
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Author Michael Klafft pdf  isbn
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  Title Effect of Daytime on the Efficiency of Population Alerts via Short Messages and E-Mails Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Alerting the population in time of crises and disasters can be challenging depending on the situational context. One key factor for success is to attract people’s attention to the fact that an alert has been issued. Attracting atten¬tion is affected by the alerting channel and its wake-up effect, but also by the time when an alert is being issued. While the reach as a function of daytime has been studied in-depth for some traditional me¬¬dia like TV (see, for example, Held 2001 for data from Germany), little is known about the impact of time on the efficiency of more recently established alerting channels like short messages (SMS) and e-mail. Furthermore, most exis¬ting stu¬dies rather focus on sending the alert to the recipient, rather than analyzing whether the recipient actually read the incoming message, or do not take into account the effect of time on the alert’s impact. How¬ever, this infor¬mation is helpful for practitioners like se¬curi¬ty and safety planners to better prepare for future incidents, and to optimize their communication strate¬gies. In order to close this gap, a field test to analyze how quickly ordinary people actually notice alerts via SMS and e-mail was conducted in the German county of Lippe. In total, 250 participants were acquired for the test through personal contacts, with the help of regional emergency mana¬gement officials, and via snowballing. The latter was important to reduce potential participant bias. People interested in joining the test registered through a website, where they could also select the alert channel(s) of their pre¬feren¬ce. The actual field test was then conducted during fourteen days, in which three test alerts were sent to registered participants.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1427  
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Author Sidgley Camargo de Andrade; João Porto de Albuquerque; Alexandre Cláudio Botazzo Delbem pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Improving the credibility of unreliable information through static images and data mining: an experimental study to identify floods Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Affected locations by flash floods are rich in information for flood management. Usually, there are several types and sources of information which can be related to achieve better reliability to decision-making. However, a major challenge is to achieve the reliability this information within datasets so heterogeneous or complex. For instance, reports of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) through a crowdsourcing-based platform can be confirmed by means of images available on site. Thus, we carried out an experiment to identify water level of river through clustering from static images using an evolutionary method of hierarchical data clustering, called DAta-MIning COde REpositories (Sanches, Cardoso, and Delbem, 2011). Our experiment aimed answering the following question: Is DAMICORE able to find matching clusters between static images gathered from the sensor in-situ and water levels provided by the non-automatic interpretation mechanisms in the riverbed? These mechanisms (Figure 1 (a) water level ruler, (b) puppet, and (c) multi-color band) refer to the hazard index at hydrology field and help volunteers to report into the crowdsourcing-based platform (Degrossi, Albuquerque, Fava, Mendiondo, 2014). Moreover, our dataset contains 288 images categorized in (gray) 124 undefined, (orange) 109 acceptable, (red) 17 high, (dark red) 6 very high, and (blue) 32 flood which were obtained from in-situ sensor in a 5-minute temporal resolution on November 23rd, 2015, when a flash flood occurred at 4 p.m. (Figure 1 (d) ) at São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil. Our preliminaries results have shown a possible matching between clusters found (Figure 2) and interpretation mechanisms of the water level in the riverbed. Therefore, there is evidence that the DAMICORE can support VGI reports collected from dedicated platforms, improving the credibility of information. Nevertheless, further experiments should be performed considering a greater number of images per category and matching between other types of VGI and authoritative data, e.g. social media and sensor.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1428  
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Author Steve Peterson pdf  isbn
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  Title More Research Needed on the Concurrent Usage of Information Systems during Emergencies Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Information Systems; Digital Volunteers; CERT; Sensemaking; Research Presence; Virtual Operation Capability; Monitor; Assess; Pre-Established Partnerships; Researcher Activation Process  
  Abstract This abstract highlights research challenges to improving effectiveness of integrating information and communication technologies during emergencies. Proposed as a research focus is the integration of proven virtual activation processes with an unobtrusive research presence. This positions the research presence during a real-time emergency to glean previously unknown information/rationales on how decision-makers decide and take action. Establishing a collaborative partnership by combining a “research presence” with the “virtual operation capability,” is essential. Mutual understanding must embrace the precept of no disruption to first responders in actual response and recovery efforts. Consensus should be reached in identifying measurable outcomes for the research. The collaborative effort opens a groundbreaking area for consideration of study in crisis response and management. It would shed new light on an underexplored, critical area of emergency management and has the potential to further enhance the value of information and communication systems in preparing, responding, and recovering from emergencies.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1432  
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Author Suvodeep Mazumdar; Neil Ireson; Fabio Ciravegna pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Decision Graphs: Managing Decisions for Emergencies Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Emergencies are highly complex situations that require careful consideration of information collected from a variety of sources, by a variety of individuals and agencies. Good situation awareness provides the basis for a highly effective decision-making process requiring large volumes of real time information. Processing this is a highly complex task, and the dynamic nature of emergencies introduces further challenges. Over the years, several initiatives have attempted to address this complexity by proposing a variety of solutions that have contributed to a growing field of research. While progress toward decision-making support has been significant, the process of managing decisions has received less attention. To learn from decisions, there needs to be a process of collecting, curating and analyzing decision-making itself. Information being collected via a large number of resources needs to be formalized and interpreted by the decision maker, who in turn combines the information collected with their own knowledge and experience to make critical, and often life-saving decisions. Many of the decisions need to be taken instantaneously, while some need careful consultation and consideration, in collaboration with experts only once good situation awareness is achieved. This process of taking decisions based on evidence and personal experience is often lost, mostly due to lack of appropriate archiving mechanisms (e.g. not digitizing paper-based decisions or recording informal decisions). Therefore post-event analysis and auditing activities can lose track of how decisions were made, their associated evidences and rationale. Recording decisions in real-time, as they are taken, can provide a step change in the way decision support systems can aid future events or post-event analyses. We address this aspect of decision support by proposing a real-time decision capture and monitoring approach, Decision Graphs. At the core of Decision Graphs resides a decision management framework, employing semantic web techniques to organise decisions, as and when they are taken. While Semantic Web approaches have been employed in the past in Decision-Making for Emergency Response, management of decisions using Semantic Technologies has been largely limited. Lightweight decision loggers are deployed in a variety of ways – mobile applications available for all types of mobile devices, web browser-based plugins, and a dedicated web site. The decision loggers capture decisions and all related evidence and rationale from the decision maker, and make them available to the decision management framework. Following an event, a decision maker can then retrieve all decisions via a web-based solution. In this poster, we first present requirements gathered from interviews with a variety of stakeholders. We then address this need and propose a decision management framework that employs a variety of pervasive lightweight decision loggers and semantic web technologies for enriching and organizing decisions. Finally, we present our visualisation mechanisms to help look up events and decisions, during follow-up post event analyses activities.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1426  
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Author Tommi Juhani Tapanainen; Olivier Lisein pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title IT manager leadership during crisis situations: Lessons from real-life crisis management in IT functions during natural disasters Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Information Systems Managers; Crisis Management; Leadership; Natural Disasters  
  Abstract Natural disasters are destructive events, but can also give opportunities for learning in crisis management for organizational information technology (IT) functions. In their role as stewards of company data and IT, it is important that IT managers participate in crisis management activities. However, the role of IT managers in crisis management is not well understood, particularly in crisis response. An understanding on how IT managers lead during crisis situations, not only on how they prepare for these events, can help in devising recommendations and training that improves IT manager crisis response.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1425  
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Author Werner Leyh; Maria Clara Fava; Narumi Abe; Camilo Restrepo Estrada; Flavio Horita; Eduardo Mario Mendiondo; João Porto de Albuquerque pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title SDI-Node to interlink Information, essential for Disaster Preparedness and Management, with other Linked Open Data Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The idea on Linked Open Data (LOD) for Disaster Management was stimulated by the experience with the integration of heterogeneous environmental data based on well-known OGC based web services. A lot of spatial data is available 'via the Web' – but not “really on the web': many datasets can be viewed, queried and downloaded via web services, but it is usually not possible to reference an entity within a dataset, like a web page. However, persistent identifiers and deep and reliable linking between datasets and tools are frequently required, beyond file level, to items “within” files. This becomes possible using Semantic Web (SW) technologies, such as the “Resource Description Framework” (RDF), and opens possibilities to integrate or aggregate subsets of datasets based on logical criteria. Ontological modelling is used to represent conceptual knowledge. This SW approach is able to handle SPARQL queries considering property relations and ontological models. Disaster related data is multidisciplinary by nature, and comprises data entities from observations, experiments, surveys, simulations, models, and higher-order assemblies, along with associated metadata. The present work with AGORA´s SDI-NODE focuses on connecting dispersed disaster-relevant data to enable easier and faster discovery and access of disaster-related data. The cloud-based geographical information system is hereby explored in 3 ways: Firstly it serves as a reference implementation for the current state of art in SDI; Secondly it serves as praxis relevant use case for disaster relevant data and information management: it is worldwide developed and earlier versions are already used by many countries for their national disaster preparedness – with regard to its ability in rapid and easy mapping and its flexibility to be quickly adapted to unpredictable and fast changing crisis scenarios, and thirdly because it serves already, “partially”, as a SDI-LOD-bridge: The SDI node is composed by underlying components (like GeoServer, GeoNode and GeoNetWork) and some of the supporting communities are already developing different facilities to promote the desired SDI+LOD integration. Thus, the “LOD-enabled SDI-node” explores LOD related technologies to query, integrate and aggregate, over distributed datasets, at feature-level. Final example: The LOD-enabled SDI-Node is a highly appropriate approach and solution to integrate, track, map, catalog and serve information on the ZIKA VIRUS, the AEDES MOSQUITOES and their environmental conditions.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1433  
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Author Xia Wu; Yi Xiong pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Computer-based scheme-making system of emergency maintenance for failure of oil and gas pipeline Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Accident of oil and gas pipeline may result in enormous economic loss, great casualties and severe environmental pollution (Assael and Kakosimos, 2010). In the field of pipeline accident emergency, the Decision Support System (DSS) has been proposed to reduce the loss of an accident (Dey, 2001; Agbenowosi, 2000; Nataraj, 2005). However, their researches are mostly about risk management (Dey, 2001), materials scheduling (Agbenowosi, 2000), theory (Nataraj, 2005) and process of response, which are served for the decision-makers. In fact, though one of the most important steps of emergency response for accident of oil and gas pipeline is maintenance implemented, there is no enough attention paid on the maintenance scheme-making.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium  
  Track Poster Session Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1423  
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