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Author (up) Anne Marie Barthe; Frédérick Bénaben; Sébastien Truptil; Hervé Pingaud pdf 
  Title A flexible network of sensors: Case study Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 344-348  
  Keywords Complex networks; Error detection; Information systems; Complex event processing; Event pattern; Event-driven architectures; Eventdriven architecture (EDA); Flexible networks; Geographical area; Network of sensors; System of measurements; Network architecture  
  Abstract The goal of this article is to introduce a plastic architecture of a survey system dedicated to any kind of geographical area that requires to be observed. The principle of this architecture is to allow to change dynamically the set of sensors that is used to monitor the area and also to provide an analyze system able to deal with this unstable set of sensors. Based on Event-Driven Architecture (EDA) technology, such a system does not provide new features compared with traditional set of static sensors connected through cables to dozens of bulbs lighting when a predefined subset of measures is not in the expected range. However, the introduced architecture provides a completely agile and dynamic system of measurement where neither the network of sensors nor the system of measure interpretation is static.  
  Address Université de Toulouse, Mines Albi, France; Université Jean-François Champollion, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Emergency Management Information Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 292  
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Author (up) Anne Marie Barthe; Sabine Carbonnel; Frédérick Bénaben; Hervé Pingaud pdf 
  Title Event-driven agility of crisis management collaborative processes Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Error detection; Information services; Service oriented architecture (SOA); Web services; Adaptation; Agility; Collaborative process; Complex event processing (CEP); Event-driven architectures; Eventdriven architecture (EDA); Information systems interoperability; Model driven architectures; Information systems  
  Abstract This article aims at presenting a whole approach of Information Systems interoperability management in a crisis management cell. We propose a Mediation Information System (MIS) to help the crisis cell partners to design, run and manage the workflows of the response to a crisis situation. The architecture of the MIS meets the need of low coupling between the partners' Information System components and the need of agility for a such platform. Based on the Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and the Event Driven Architecture (EDA) principles which, combined to the Complex Event Processing (CEP) principles, it will leads to an easier orchestration, choreography and real-time monitoring of the workflows' activities, and even allows the automated agility of the crisis response on-the-fly-we consider agility as the ability of the processes to remain consistent with the response to the crisis-. © 2012 ISCRAM.  
  Address Université de Toulouse, Mines Albi, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium  
  Track Event-Driven Techniques and Methods for Crisis Management Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 79  
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Author (up) Anne Marie Barthe; Sébastien Truptil; Frédérick Bénaben pdf 
  Title Agility of crisis response: Gathering and analyzing data through an event-driven platform Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014  
  Volume Issue Pages 250-254  
  Keywords Artificial intelligence; Decision support systems; Agility; Collaborative process; Complex event processing; Crisis response; Crisis situations; Event-driven architectures; Information concerning; Nuclear accidents; Information systems  
  Abstract The goal of this article is to introduce a platform (called Agility Service) that gathers and analyses data coming from both crisis response and crisis field by using the principles of Complex Event Processing. As a crisis situation is an unstable phenomenon (by nature or by effect of the applied response), the crisis response may be irrelevant after a while: lack of resources, arrival of a new stakeholder, unreached objectives, over-crisis, etc. Gathering data, analyze and aggregate it to deduce relevant information concerning the current crisis situation, and making this information available to the crisis cell to support decision making: these are the purposes of the described platform. A use case based on the Fukushima's nuclear accident is developed to illustrate the use of the developed prototype.  
  Address University of Toulouse – Mines Albi, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium  
  Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 291  
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Author (up) L.T. Darryl Diptee; Jason Baker pdf 
  Title Tackling wicked problems: Suicide in the US military Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 931-940  
  Keywords Brain; Neurology; Cea; Chronic emotional atrophy; Depression; Emotional vitality assistant; Eva; Fld; Fls; Frontal lobes; Mental health; Military suicide; Social crisis; Veteran; Wicked problems; Information systems  
  Abstract Every 24 hours a member of the United States (US) Armed Forces commits suicide, while every hour a US veteran takes his own life. These statistics illuminate a deeply-rooted social crisis which eludes experts and military leaders to this day. Billions of dollars invested in suicide prevention seem to offer little relief for active duty servicemen and veterans alike. Military suicide is framed as a wicked problem and the new and exciting theory of Chronic Emotional Atrophy (CEA) is proposed to help explain causes of suicidal ideation in the military. A holistic crisis management strategy via information systems is presented in this work. Depressive symptoms exhibited by military members in emotionally suppressed environments closely parallel those phenomena exhibited by medical patients suffering from frontal lobe damage. The prospective psychiatric information system solution provides frontal lobe stimulation (FLS) to mitigate CEA and suicidal ideation.  
  Address Naval Postgraduate School, United States; Old Dominion University, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 422  
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Author (up) Louis-Francis Pau; Peter Simonsen pdf 
  Title Emergency messaging to general public via public wireless networks Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2008  
  Volume Issue Pages 3-11  
  Keywords Economic and social effects; Information systems; Wireless networks; Denmark; Emergency; Emergency situation; Emergency warnings; End user requirements; Mobile penetrations; Short messaging service; Sms; Message passing  
  Abstract Warnings to the broad population in an emergency situation, irrespective of location and condition, is a public policy responsibility. Public wireless networks offer now the opportunity to deliver emergency warnings in this way with explanations, because in many countries the mobile penetration rates and coverage are higher than any other access form. The paper summarizes the analysis of the selection process between Short messaging services (SMS) and Cell Broadcast (CB) messaging in the context of Denmark based on end user requirements, stakeholder roles and case-based analysis. It demonstrates the many technical, cost-benefit and other trade-offs needed in supporting the population now with a dependable and wide-spread technology. This research is the basis for a national policy.  
  Address Rotterdam School of Management and Copenhagen Business School, Netherlands; Accenture Denmark AS, Denmark  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Washington, DC Editor F. Fiedrich, B. Van de Walle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780615206974 Medium  
  Track Communication Systems and Technologies for Crisis and Disaster Response Expedition Conference 5th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 833  
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Author (up) Aamir Mahmood; Konstantinos Koufos; Krisztina Cziner pdf 
  Title Multicast voice performance within a public safety cell Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2008  
  Volume Issue Pages 18-24  
  Keywords Computer simulation; Equipment testing; Information systems; Reliability analysis; Voice/data communication systems; Distributed Coordination Function; Emergency scenario; Initial deployments; Mobility model; Public safety communications; Simulation studies; Statistical properties; Voice over Internet protocol; Multicasting  
  Abstract In public safety communications the first responders are getting directions about the tactical action plan with multicast voice whereas they can report back to the dispatcher with unicast voice. In this paper, the aim is to find the maximum number of voice calls for situation reporting in the presence of multicast voice for tactical coordination. In order to increase the reliability of our analysis we verify our simulator against a test bed prototype consisting of three 802.11 terminals. The simulation study is applied within a mobile cell. The proposed mobility model applies for initial deployment in emergency scenarios. We investigate the statistical properties of the model by simulations.  
  Address Teknillinen Korkeakoulu, TKK, Finland  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Washington, DC Editor F. Fiedrich, B. Van de Walle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780615206974 Medium  
  Track Communication Systems and Technologies for Crisis and Disaster Response Expedition Conference 5th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 735  
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Author (up) Aaron Burgman; Nikhil Kalghatgi; Erika Darling; Chris M. Newbern; Kristine Recktenwald; Shawn Chin; Howard Kong pdf 
  Title Emergency data analysis via semantic lensing Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 – 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2006  
  Volume Issue Pages 334-338  
  Keywords Information systems; Semantics; Analysis; Completion time; Decision makers; Emergency preparedness and response; Emergency situation; Filtering strategies; Information visualization; Mapping softwares; Emergency services  
  Abstract Emergency situations often play out over extended geographic regions and can present response personnel with numerous types of data at various level of detail. Such data may be displayed in mapping software tools that organize the data into layers. Sufficiently complex scenarios can result in dense, occluded, and cluttered map displays. We investigated a localized, detail-on-demand filtering strategy called semantic lensing that in certain situations provides a more efficient and desirable approach than filtering global layers for mitigating clutter and occlusion. An initial formal user study with these semantic lenses has shown their value in aiding decision makers during tasks that might occur during detection of and response to emergency situations. Completion times are significantly faster when using lenses, and workloads are significantly lower. Future work will evaluate additional features and task-specific applicability, and may support the distribution of such a lens tool to emergency preparedness and response personnel.  
  Address MITRE Corporation, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Newark, NJ Editor B. Van de Walle, M. Turoff  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9090206019; 9789090206011 Medium  
  Track VISUALIZATION IN EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT Expedition Conference 3rd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 352  
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Author (up) Abdullah Konak pdf 
  Title Improving network connectivity in emergency ad hoc wireless networks Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014  
  Volume Issue Pages 36-44  
  Keywords Ad hoc networks; Artificial intelligence; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information systems; Intelligent agents; Social networking (online); Ad hoc wireless networks; Communication infrastructure; Computational results; Decentralized approach; Flocking; Network connectivity; Reliable communication; Swarm Intelligence; Mobile ad hoc networks  
  Abstract Wireless Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) can to provide first responders and disaster management agencies with a reliable communication network in the event of a large-scale natural disaster that devastates majority of the existing communication infrastructure. Without requiring a fixed infrastructure, MANETs can be quickly deployed after a large-scale natural disaster or a terrorist attack. On the other hand, MANETs have dynamic topologies which could be disconnected because of the mobility of nodes. This paper presents a decentralized approach to maintain the connectivity of a MANET using autonomous, intelligent agents. Concepts from the social network analysis along with flocking algorithms are utilized to guide the deployment decision of agents. Unlike a basic flocking algorithm where all nodes have the same importance, network metrics are used to quantify the relative importance of nodes. Computational results are presented to demonstrate the effect of various local agent behaviors on the global network connectivity.  
  Address Penn State Berks, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium  
  Track Analytic Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 659  
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Author (up) Adam Flizikowski, Marcin Przybyszewski; Anna Stachowicz; Tomasz Olejniczak; Rafael Renk pdf 
  Title Text Analysis Tool TWeet lOcator TAT2 Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2015  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords AIDA; Crisis Management; iSAR+; location of Twitter messages; social media  
  Abstract Information about location and geographical coordinates in particular, may be very important during a crisis event, especially for search and rescue operations but currently geo-tagged tweets are extremely rare. Improved capabilities of capturing additional location from Twitter (up to 4 times improvement) are crucial for response efforts given a vast amount of messages exchanged during a crisis event. That is why authors have designed a tool (Text Analysis TWeet lOcator TAT2) that relies on existing open source text analysis tools with additional services to provide additional hints about people location. Validation process, complementing experimentation and test results, included involvement of end-users (i.e. Public Protection and Disaster Relief services and citizens during a realistic crisis exercise showcase. In addition, the integration of TAT2 with external tools has also been validated.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Agder (UiA) Place of Publication Kristiansand, Norway Editor L. Palen; M. Buscher; T. Comes; A. Hughes  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9788271177881 Medium  
  Track Social Media Studies Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Serial 1227  
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Author (up) Adam Flizikowski; Witold Holubowicz; Anna Stachowicz; Laura Hokkanen; Taina Kurki; Nina Päivinen; Thomas Delavallade pdf 
  Title Social media in crisis management – The iSAR+ project survey Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014  
  Volume Issue Pages 707-711  
  Keywords Disaster prevention; Information systems; Mobile telecommunication systems; Risk management; Citizens; Crisis management; Disaster relief; Social media; User requirements; Surveys  
  Abstract Social media together with still growing social media communities has become a powerful and promising solution in crisis and emergency management. Previous crisis events have proved that social media and mobile technologies used by citizens (widely) and public services (to some extent) have contributed to the post-crisis relief efforts. The iSAR+ EU FP7 project aims at providing solutions empowering citizens and PPDR (Public Protection and Disaster Relief) organizations in online and mobile communications for the purpose of crisis management especially in search and rescue operations. This paper presents the results of survey aiming at identification of preliminary end-user requirements in the close interworking with end-users across Europe.  
  Address University of Technology and Life Sciences Poland, Poland; ITTI Ltd., Poland; Emergency Services College, Finland; University of Eastern Finland, Finland; Thales, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium  
  Track Social Media in Crisis Response and Management Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 499  
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Author (up) Adam Widera; Chiara Fonio; Sandra Lechtenberg; Bernd Hellingrath pdf 
  Title Measuring Innovations in Crisis Management Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 1051-1062  
  Keywords Performance measurement; crisis management; innovation  
  Abstract Crisis management (CM) organizations regularly face the challenge to assess the potential impact of a change in their socio-technical setup. No matter if a new software, a new tool, a simple workflow or a broader organizational structure become available, CM organizations need to estimate the potential added value under a high degree of uncertainty. In general, the more reliable information about the new solution is available, the more informed the decisions are. One promising way in assessing the potential impact of new CM solutions can be found through its application in an as realistic as possible and an as secure as necessary setup. However, such artificial scenarios like simulation exercises hold the risk of measuring the performance of the solution itself rather than its contribution to the CM operation. In this paper we review the state of the art in measuring crisis management performance, discuss the results in the context of performance measurement in general and present a performance measurement approach supporting a structured assessment of innovative CM solutions applied within collaborative demonstration project.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszeski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes adam.widera@uni-muenster.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1625  
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Author (up) Adam Widera; Hanns-Alexander Dietrich; Bernd Hellingrath; Jörg Becker pdf 
  Title Understanding humanitarian supply chains – Developing an integrated process analysis toolkit Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 210-219  
  Keywords Decision support systems; Information systems; Supply chain management; Decision support tools; Humanitarian logistics; Logistics process; Performance measurements; Process analysis; Reference modeling; Response performance; Technological components; Societies and institutions  
  Abstract In this paper we present the development of an integrated process analysis toolkit for humanitarian logistics. The toolkit integrates a conceptual and a technological component. Our approach follows a case study-based modeling and design approach. The developed concept was evaluated in two humanitarian organizations. Based on these results we extended and integrated the tool-supported process analysis approach, which is ready to use for the structural and quantitative analysis of humanitarian logistics processes. The toolkit can be applied in humanitarian organizations as a decision support tool for designing, planning and executing their logistics processes. Thus, the application affects the preparedness of humanitarian organizations as well as their response performance. The process analysis toolkit is embedded in an overall research agenda with the objective to provide humanitarian organizations with the capabilities to identify, monitor, and improve their logistics processes respecting the organization specific objectives.  
  Address University of Muenster, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1089  
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Author (up) Adam Widera; Sandra Lechtenberg; Gaby Gurczik; Sandra Bähr; Bernd Hellingrath pdf 
  Title Integrated Logistics and Transport Planning in Disaster Relief Operations Type Conference Article
  Year 2017 Publication Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2017  
  Volume Issue Pages 752-764  
  Keywords Humanitarian Logistics; Logistics Planning; Transport Planning; Use Case; Simulation; Routing  
  Abstract Decision making in the area of humanitarian logistics and supply chain management often suffers because of the interrelations between planning horizons, tasks, and crisis management lifecycle phases. In this paper, we present a method, an exemplary prototypical implementation and its evaluation within a relief organization. Based on a structured literature analysis (a review of existing information systems as well as a consideration of ongoing research projects), basic requirements for an integrated logistics and transport planning approach were derived. Together with end-user involvement, these results were used to design and prototype a concept of an appropriate information system, which was applied and evaluated in a tabletop exercise. The generated results are promising in terms of having a positive impact on the logistics effectiveness. In combination with the identified limitations, our results promise to have an impact on future ISCRAM research.  
  Address Chair of Information Systems and Supply Chain Management, University of Münster; German Aerospace Center, Institute of Transportation Systems  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Albi, France Editor Tina Comes, Frédérick Bénaben, Chihab Hanachi, Matthieu Lauras, Aurélie Montarnal, eds  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Logistics and Supply-Chain Expedition Conference 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1508  
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Author (up) Adriaan ter Mors; Jeroen M. Valk; Cees Witteveen pdf 
  Title An event-based task framework for disaster planning and decision support Type Conference Article
  Year 2005 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2005 – 2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2005  
  Volume Issue Pages 151-153  
  Keywords Decision support systems; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information systems; Decision supports; Disaster plan; Disaster planning; Emergency response; Events; Mathematical frameworks; Support systems; Task framework; Emergency services  
  Abstract Because of the apparent ineffectiveness of current disaster plans, we focus our research on modeling emergency response activities. If we can capture the crucial concepts of emergency response in a mathematical framework and apply this framework to construct disaster plans, then we pave the way for the development of automated decisions support systems for emergency response.  
  Address Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971099 Medium  
  Track POSTER SESSION Expedition Conference 2nd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 787  
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Author (up) Adriaan Ter Mors; Xiaoyu Mao; Nicola Roos; Cees Witteveen; Alfons H. Salden pdf 
  Title Multi-agent system support for scheduling aircraft de-icing Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2007 Academic Proceedings Papers Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2007  
  Volume Issue Pages 467-478  
  Keywords Aircraft; Emergency services; Intelligent agents; Multi agent systems; Scheduling; Snow and ice removal; Aircraft deicing; Coordination; Coordination strategy; Decision mechanism; Emergency responders; Emergency situation; Incident Management; Unexpected incidents; Aircraft accidents  
  Abstract Results from disaster research suggest that methods for coordination between individual emergency responders and organizations should recognize the independence and autonomy of these actors. These actor features are key factors in effective adaptation and improvisation of response to emergency situations which are inherently uncertain. Autonomy and adaptability are also well-known aspects of a multi-agent system (MAS). In this paper we present two MAS strategies that can effectively handle aircraft deicing incidents. These MAS strategies help improve to prevent and reduce e.g. airplane delays at deicing stations due to changing weather conditions or incidents at the station, where aircraft agents adopting pre-made plans that would act on behalf of aircraft pilots or companies, would only create havoc. Herein each agent using its own decision mechanism deliberates about the uncertainty in the problem domain and the preferences (or priorities) of the agents. Furthermore, taking both these issues into account each proposed MAS strategy outperforms a naive first-come, first-served coordination strategy. The simulation results help pilots and companies taking decisions with respect to the scheduling of the aircraft for deicing when unexpected incidents occur: they provide insights in the impacts and means for robust selection of incident-specific strategies on e.g. deicing station delays of (individual) aircraft.  
  Address Almende B.V., Technische Universiteit Delft, Netherlands; Almende B.V., Universiteit Maastricht, Netherlands; MICC, IKAT, Universiteit Maastricht, Netherlands; EWI, Technische Universiteit Delft, Netherlands; Almende B.V., Netherlands  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Delft Editor B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt, K. Nieuwenhuis  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789054874171; 9789090218717 Medium  
  Track IMPR Expedition Conference 4th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1003  
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Author (up) Ahmed Nagy; Jeannie Stamberger pdf 
  Title Crowd sentiment detection during disasters and crises Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Bayesian networks; Emergency services; Information systems; Risk management; Social networking (online); Crisis management; Disaster response; Emergency management; Short message; Twitter; Disasters  
  Abstract Microblogs are an opportunity for scavenging critical information such as sentiments. This information can be used to detect rapidly the sentiment of the crowd towards crises or disasters. It can be used as an effective tool to inform humanitarian efforts, and improve the ways in which informative messages are crafted for the crowd regarding an event. Unique characteristics of microblogs (lack of context, use of jargon etc) in Tweets expressed by a message-sharing social network during a disaster response require special handling to identify sentiment. We present a systematic evaluation of approaches to accurately and precisely identify sentiment in these Tweets. This paper describes sentiment detection expressed in 3698 Tweets, collected during the September 2010, San Bruno, California gas explosion and resulting fires. The data collected was manually coded to benchmark our techniques. We start by using a library of words with annotated sentiment, SentiWordNet 3.0, to detect the basic sentiment of each Tweet. We complemented that technique by adding a comprehensive list of emoticons, a sentiment based dictionary and a list of out-of-vocabulary words that are popular in brief, online text communications such as lol, wow, etc. Our technique performed 27% better than Bayesian Networks alone, and the combination of Bayesian networks with annotated lists provided marginal improvements in sentiment detection than various combinations of lists. © 2012 ISCRAM.  
  Address Carnegie Mellon Silicon Valley, IMT Lucca Institute of Advanced Studies, United States; Disaster Management Initiative, Carnegie Mellon Silicon Valley, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium  
  Track Social Media and Collaborative Systems Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 173  
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Author (up) Ahmed Nagy; Lusine Mkrtchyan; Klaas Van Der Meer pdf 
  Title A CBRN detection framework using fuzzy logic Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 266-271  
  Keywords Data mining; Decision support systems; Disaster prevention; Fuzzy set theory; Information systems; Decision supports; Degree of credibility; Disaster management; Distributed approaches; Evaluation approach; Human activities; Ordered weighted aggregations; Potential values; Fuzzy logic  
  Abstract Identifying a chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incident (CBRN) is a challenge. Evidence and health symptoms resulting from CBRN malevolent incident overlap with other normal non malevolent human activities. However, proper fusion of symptoms and evidence can aid in drawing conclusions with a certain degree of credibility about the existence of an incident. There are two types of incidents directly observable, overt, or indirectly observable, covert, which can be detected from the symptoms and consequences. This paper describes a framework for identifying a CBRN incident from available evidence using a fuzzy belief degree distributed approach. We present two approaches for evidence fusion and aggregation; the first, two level cumulative belief degree (CBD) while the second is ordered weighted aggregation of belief degrees (OWA). The evaluation approach undertaken shows the potential value of the two techniques.  
  Address SCK/CEN, Belgium  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 804  
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Author (up) Ahmed S. Khalaf; Poom Pianpak; Sultan A. Alharthi; Zahra NaminiMianji; Ruth Torres; Son Tran; Igor Dolgov; Zachary O. Toups pdf 
  Title An Architecture for Simulating Drones in Mixed Reality Games to Explore Future Search and Rescue Scenarios Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 971-982  
  Keywords Mixed Reality; Drones; Simulations; Disaster Response; Search and Rescue  
  Abstract The proliferation of unmanned aerial systems (i.e., drones) can provide great value to the future of search and rescue. However, with the increase adoption of such systems, issues around hybrid human-drone team coordination and planning will arise. To address these early challenges, we provide insights into the development of testbeds in the form of mixed reality games with simulated drones. This research presents an architecture to address challenges and opportunities in using drones for search and rescue. On this architecture, we develop a mixed reality game in which human players engage with the physical world and with gameplay that is purely virtual. We expect the architecture to be useful to a range of researchers an practitioners, forming the basis for investigating and training within this unique, new domain.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszeski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes salharth@nmsu.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1617  
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Author (up) Ahmed Seffah; Jean-Pierre Cahier; Aurélien Bénel pdf 
  Title Thinking global acting local: A human-centric pattern to designing information-intensive services for global crisis management Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Hardware; Crisis management; Crisis situations; Design Patterns; Global and local informations; Human-centered designs; Local decisions; Local information; Service design; Information systems  
  Abstract Information-intensive services for global crisis situations management can no longer be based on local information only. A global picture is required to be able to make informed and reliable local decisions. It takes also to know how the local decisions one country may take will affect the others. Indeed, each country, city or community needs the whole picture and the key facts in managing the situation in their local area. Therefore, we should provide a proven solution to identify, analyze and mix the relevant information to support informed local decision based on both global and local information. In this paper, we introduce a novel design pattern to face this challenge of making informed local decisions. We also provide two real life examples illustrating the needs of the design pattern.  
  Address ICD/Tech-CICO, STMR (UMR CNRS 6279), Troyes University of Technology, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium  
  Track User Centred Design Process for EMIS Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 933  
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Author (up) Ahmed T. Elsergany; Amy L. Griffin; Paul Tranter; Sameer Alam pdf 
  Title Development of a Geographic Information System for Riverine Flood Disaster Evacuation in Canberra, Australia: Trip Generation and Distribution Modelling Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2015  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Evacuation; Geographic Information System; Riverine Flooding; Static and Dynamic Population; Trip generation  
  Abstract Given the importance of geographic information for riverine flood evacuations, a geographic information system (GIS) is a vital tool for supporting successful flood evacuation operations. This paper discusses the development of a GIS-based riverine flood evacuation model which used to model trip distributions between flooded areas and relocation shelters. As the ultimate goal of this research is to simulate, model, and optimise a planned evacuation, all components of evacuation time have been considered (e.g., travel time between flooded areas and relocation shelters, warning time for each flooded area, and the time needed for evacuation before these areas get inundated). As well, variation in population (static and dynamic population) within the flooded areas has been considered.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Agder (UiA) Place of Publication Kristiansand, Norway Editor L. Palen; M. Buscher; T. Comes; A. Hughes  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9788271177881 Medium  
  Track Geospatial Data and Geographical Information Science Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Serial 1214  
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Author (up) Ahmed T. Elsergany; Amy L. Griffin; Paul Tranter; Sameer Alam pdf 
  Title Descriptive and Geographical Analysis of Flood Disaster Evacuation Modelling Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014  
  Volume Issue Pages 55-59  
  Keywords Flood, Disaster, Evacuation, Planning, Transport Planning for Operations.  
  Abstract The planning of evacuation operations for a riverine flood disaster is vital for minimizing their negative impacts on human lives. This paper aims to develop a systematic method to model and plan evacuation trip generation and distribution for riverine floods. To achieve this aim, it adapts the transportation or Hitchcock problem, an operations research technique employed in conventional four-stage transportation modeling, and that is used to plan and model transport in normal situations, so that it is appropriate for flood disaster situations focusing on the first two stages. Concentrating on pre-flood hazard planning, our evacuation modelling considers two types of flood disaster data environments: certain environs, in which all decision variables are known, and uncertain environs, when probabilities of decision variables are considered in the evacuation plans.  
  Address UNSW Canberra  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium  
  Track Analytic Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1174  
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Author (up) Aibek Musaev; De Wang; Calton Pu pdf 
  Title LITMUS: Landslide detection by integrating multiple sources Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014  
  Volume Issue Pages 677-686  
  Keywords Bayesian networks; Disasters; Hazards; Information systems; Integration; Landslides; Nasa; Rain; Rain gages; Landslide detection; Litmus; Multi-source integrations; Physical sensors; Social sensors; Data integration  
  Abstract Disasters often lead to other kinds of disasters, forming multi-hazards such as landslides, which may be caused by earthquakes, rainfalls, water erosion, among other reasons. Effective detection and management of multihazards cannot rely only on one information source. In this paper, we evaluate a landslide detection system LITMUS, which combines multiple physical sensors and social media to handle the inherent varied origins and composition of multi-hazards. LITMUS integrates near real-time data from USGS seismic network, NASA TRMM rainfall network, Twitter, YouTube, and Instagram. The landslide detection process consists of several stages of social media filtering and integration with physical sensor data, with a final ranking of relevance by integrated signal strength. Applying LITMUS to data collected in October 2013, we analyzed and filtered 34.5k tweets, 2.5k video descriptions and 1.6k image captions containing landslide keywords followed by integration with physical sources based on a Bayesian model strategy. It resulted in detection of all 11 landslides reported by USGS and 31 more landslides unreported by USGS. An illustrative example is provided to demonstrate how LITMUS' functionality can be used to determine landslides related to the recent Typhoon Haiyan.  
  Address Georgia Institute of Technology, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium  
  Track Social Media in Crisis Response and Management Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 801  
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Author (up) Aibek Musaev; Kimberly Stowers; Jonghun Kam pdf 
  Title Harnessing Data to Create an Effective Drought Management System Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 544-552  
  Keywords Droughts; social response; PageRank  
  Abstract Drought is a complex climate phenomenon with slow emergence and quick vanish, which makes it hard for stakeholders to respond to drought timely. To reduce the vulnerability of our society to future drought, a better understanding of how society responds to drought is critical. Here, we propose a pilot study about social response to a recent California drought through social media. In this study, we identify the most important users using an extension of PageRank algorithm. We investigate the key drivers of the public activity in February, 2014 during the California drought. We also create a word cloud visualization from the most retweeted tweets. Lastly, we specify the information sources from those tweets. The findings of this study inform us that big data can help us to improve the current drought response plans through fundamental understanding of social response to drought, which is applicable to other natural hazards.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszeski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Social Media Studies Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes aibek@cs.ua.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1578  
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Author (up) Ajay Kumar; Johnny Søraker pdf 
  Title Ethics of Information Systems Design in Humanitarian Sector: Cultivating Humanitarian values among Technologists Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2015  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Applied Ethics, Computer Ethics; Humanitarian Principles; Red Cross Code of Conduct; Value Sensitive Design  
  Abstract Ethical considerations have been an important part of the humanitarian discourse for decades. The short paper aims to present insights from the point of view of a technology practitioner with field experience in the humanitarian sector and emphasise on the need for continued dialogue about the importance of ethics in design of appropriate technology. The paper advocates for a value sensitive design approach to information systems design and proposes the need for increasing sensitivity towards the issues in technologist working in the area and draws an outline for possible future research.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Agder (UiA) Place of Publication Kristiansand, Norway Editor L. Palen; M. Buscher; T. Comes; A. Hughes  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue