|   | 
Details
   web
Records
Author (up) Roser Beneito-Montagut; Susan Anson; Duncan Shaw; Christopher Brewster
Title Governmental social media use for emergency communication Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 828-833
Keywords Civil defense; Disasters; Information systems; Risk management; Emergency communication; Emergency management; Governmental agency; Information flows; Institutional resilience; Social media; Web 2.0 tools; Societies and institutions
Abstract The possibility of crowdsourced information, multi-geographical and multi-organisational information flows during emergencies and crises provided by web 2.0 tools are providing emergency management centres with new communication challenges and opportunities. Building on the existing emergency management and social media literature, this article explores how institutions are using and adopting social media for emergency communication. By examining the drivers and barriers of social media adoption in two European governmental agencies dealing with emergencies, the paper aims to establish a framework to examine whether and how institutional resilience could be improved.
Address Aston Business School, United Kingdom; Warwick Business School, United Kingdom
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Social Media Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 302
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Satria Hutomo Jihan; Aviv Segev
Title Context ontology for humanitarian assistance in crisis response Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 526-535
Keywords Decision making; Hurricanes; Ontology; Context ontology; Crisis response; Decision makers; Humanitarian assistances; Humanitarian needs; Humanitarian response; Logic rules; Potential ability; Information systems
Abstract Massive crisis open data is not fully utilized to identify humanitarian needs because most of it is not in a structured format, thus hindering machines to interpret it automatically and process it in a short time into useful information for decision makers. To address these problems, the paper presents a method which merges ontologies and logic rules to represent the humanitarian needs and recommend appropriate humanitarian responses. The main advantage of the method is to identify humanitarian needs and to prioritize humanitarian responses automatically so that the decision makers are not overwhelmed with massive and unrelated information and can focus more on implementing the solutions. The method is implemented on real data from the Hurricane Wilma crisis. The use of the method in the hurricane Wilma crisis shows the potential abilities to identify the humanitarian needs in specific places and to prioritize humanitarian responses in real time.
Address Department of Knowledge Service Engineering, KAIST, Japan
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Humanitarian Challenges Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 634
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Seungwon Yang; Haeyong Chung; Xiao Lin; Sunshin Lee; Liangzhe Chen; Andrew Wood; Andrea Kavanaugh; Steven D. Sheetz; Donald J. Shoemaker; Edward A. Fox
Title PhaseVis1: What, when, where, and who in visualizing the four phases of emergency management through the lens of social media Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 912-917
Keywords Civil defense; Classification (of information); Data visualization; Information systems; Risk management; 10-fold cross-validation; Classification algorithm; Classification evaluation; Emergency management; Potential utility; ThemeRiver; Through the lens; Twitter; Disasters
Abstract The Four Phase Model of Emergency Management has been widely used in developing emergency/disaster response plans. However, the model has received criticism contrasting the clear phase distinctions in the model with the complex and overlapping nature of phases indicated by empirical evidence. To investigate how phases actually occur, we designed PhaseVis based on visualization principles, and applied it to Hurricane Isaac tweet data. We trained three classification algorithms using the four phases as categories. The 10-fold cross-validation showed that Multi-class SVM performed the best in Precision (0.8) and Naïve Bayes Multinomial performed the best in F-1 score (0.782). The tweet volume in each category was visualized as a ThemeRiver[TM], which shows the 'What' aspect. Other aspects – 'When', 'Where', and 'Who' – Are also integrated. The classification evaluation and a sample use case indicate that PhaseVis has potential utility in disasters, aiding those investigating a large disaster tweet dataset.
Address Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States; Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States; Department of Sociology, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Social Media Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 1122
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Shalini Kurapati; Gwendolyn Kolfschoten; Alexander Verbraeck; Thomas M. Corsi; Frances Brazier
Title Exploring shared situational awareness in supply chain disruptions Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 151-155
Keywords Information analysis; Information systems; Information sharing; Serious games; Shared situational awareness; Supply chain visibility; Supply-chain disruptions; Supply chains
Abstract Risk and volatility in the form of political issues, natural disasters, terrorism etc., are impending dangers to the normal functioning of today's world. Supply Chains (SCs) are the backbone to societal functions and are heavily affected when such events occur. SC professionals have limited preparedness to deal with disruptions. Shared Situational Awareness (SSA) by means of information sharing, coordination and collaboration among SC partners, can significantly improve the recovery capacity of supply chains from disruptions. To prepare SC professionals for disruptions, a serious game (a tabletop board game) has been developed. The game serves both as an instrument to explore SSA during disruptions and as a training tool for SC practitioners. The paper discusses the design, development and applicability of the serious game based on an SSA framework in multistakeholder systems.
Address TU Delft, Netherlands; University of Maryland, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Coordination and Collaboration Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 663
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Shengcheng Yuan; Ma Ma; H. Zhang; Yi Liu.
Title An urban traffic evacuation model with decision-making capability Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 317-321
Keywords Computer simulation; Decision making; Highway administration; Information systems; Roads and streets; Decision making support; Evacuation modeling; Evacuation process; Partial information; Simulation modules; System optimizations; Traffic directions; Traffic information; Emergency traffic control
Abstract Traffic evacuation is one of the most challenging problems in a mega city due to crowded road conditions. This study focuses on developing a traffic evacuation model with decision-making capability. The model basically consists of two modules. The first one is a decision-making support module which runs very fast and provides short-forecast. The second one is a simulation module, which is used for simulating real evacuation process and for overall performance evaluation with vehicle tracking model. The first module can be considered as a “local” module as only partial information, such as traffic information in certain junctions is available. The second module can be considered as a global module which provides traffic directions for junction, and effective using of road-nets. With integration of two modules, overall system optimization may be achieved. Simulation cases are given for model validation and results are satisfied.
Address Institute of Public Safety Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 1136
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Shuming Liu; Christopher Brewster; Duncan Shaw
Title Ontologies for crisis management: A review of state of the art in ontology design and usability Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 349-359
Keywords Information systems; Interoperability; Ontology; Risk management; Semantic Web; Societies and institutions; Crisis management; Crisis management systems; Emergency management; Information interoperability; Information sharing; Nongovernmental organizations; Ontology design; Semantic Web technology; Management information systems
Abstract The growing use of a variety of information systems in crisis management both by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and emergency management agencies makes the challenges of information sharing and interoperability increasingly important. The use of semantic web technologies is a growing area and is a technology stack specifically suited to these challenges. This paper presents a review of ontologies, vocabularies and taxonomies that are useful in crisis management systems. We identify the different subject areas relevant to crisis management based on a review of the literature. The different ontologies and vocabularies available are analysed in terms of their coverage, design and usability. We also consider the use cases for which they were designed and the degree to which they follow a variety of standards. While providing comprehensive ontologies for the crisis domain is not feasible or desirable there is considerable scope to develop ontologies for the subject areas not currently covered and for the purposes of interoperability.
Address Aston Business School, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Warwick Business School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Emergency Management Information Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 714
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Simon French; Nikolaos Argyris; William J. Nuttall; John Moriarty; Phillips J. Thomas
Title The early phase of a radiation accident: Revisiting thinking on evacuation and exclusion zones Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 296-300
Keywords Information systems; Chernobyl; Exclusion zones; Fukushima; Local populations; Multi-criteria decision analysis; Nuclear plant; Risk issues; Safety issues; Nuclear reactor accidents
Abstract We are just beginning a two year research project on the management of nuclear risk issues, paying particular attention to environmental, financial and safety issues. One aspect that concerns us is to avoid the assumption that any future accident will be similar to a past accident. In the cases of Chernobyl and Fukushima, it was possible both to evacuate the local population to impose a substantial exclusion zone, and we recognize that for many potential accidents this would be the case. But for some nuclear plant, it may not be so because of the large number of local inhabitants or because of some key industrial or societal infrastructure. We would like to take the opportunity of the ISCRAM conference to discuss this issue with a wide audience.
Address University of Warwick, United Kingdom; Open University, United Kingdom; University of Manchester, United Kingdom; City University, United Kingdom
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 40
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Simon Jirka; Daniel Nüst; Benjamin Proß
Title Sensor web and web processing standards for crisis management Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 376-380
Keywords Information systems; Interoperability; Risk management; Standards; Emergency management; Finished products; Near real-time datum; Open geospatial consortium; Open source implementation; Sensor web; Sensor web enablement; Web processing service; World Wide Web
Abstract This paper introduces the latest state of the interoperable Sensor Web and Web Processing standards specified by the Open Geospatial Consortium. Based on these components it becomes possible to share, integrate and analyse observation data across political and administrative borders as well as across multiple thematic domains. We present the 52°North open source implementations of the OGC SWE and WPS standards and introduce an outlook how this technology could be applied in the field of crisis management. Thus, this paper aims at providing a perspective how currently existing technology can be combined and applied to solve problems in emergency management rather than describing an already finished product. Special consideration will be given to the combination of Sensor Web and Web Processing technology which opens up new possibilities by having near real-time data flows that can be linked on-demand to different processing services.
Address 52 North GmbH, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Emergency Management Information Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 636
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Simone De Kleermaeker; Jan Verkade
Title A decision support system for effective use of probability forecasts Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 290-295
Keywords Artificial intelligence; Decision support systems; Forecasting; Hydrology; Information systems; Uncertainty analysis; Water management; Decision support system (dss); Hydrological forecast; Management decisions; Multidimensional problems; Predictive uncertainty; Probabilistic forecasts; Probability forecasts; Risk-based decisions; Decision making
Abstract Often, water management decisions are based on hydrological forecasts, which are affected by inherent uncertainties. It is increasingly common for forecasters to make explicit estimates of these uncertainties. Associated benefits include the decision makers' increased awareness of forecasting uncertainties and the potential for risk-based decision-making. Also, a more strict separation of responsibilities between forecasters and decision maker can be made. A recent study identified some issues related to the effective use of probability forecasts. These add a dimension to an already multi-dimensional problem, making it increasingly difficult for decision makers to extract relevant information from a forecast. Secondly, while probability forecasts provide a necessary ingredient for risk-based decision making, other ingredients may not be fully known, including estimates of flood damage and costs and effect of damage reducing measures. Here, we present suggestions for resolving these issues and the integration of those solutions in a prototype decision support system (DSS). A pathway for further development is outlined.
Address Deltares, Delft, Netherlands; Water Management Centre of Netherlands, Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, Storm Surge Forecasting Service, Lelystad, Netherlands; Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 432
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Soudip Roy Chowdhury; Muhammad Imran; Muhammad Rizwan Asghar; Amer-Yahia, S.; Carlos Castillo
Title Tweet4act: Using incident-specific profiles for classifying crisis-related messages Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 834-839
Keywords Artificial intelligence; Disaster prevention; Classification methods; Crisis informatics; Disaster management; Micro-blogging platforms; Microblogging; Precision and recall; Standard machines; Twitter data-analytics; Information systems
Abstract We present Tweet4act, a system to detect and classify crisis-related messages communicated over a microblogging platform. Our system relies on extracting content features from each message. These features and the use of an incident-specific dictionary allow us to determine the period type of an incident that each message belongs to. The period types are: Pre-incident (messages talking about prevention, mitigation, and preparedness), during-incident (messages sent while the incident is taking place), and post-incident (messages related to the response, recovery, and reconstruction). We show that our detection method can effectively identify incident-related messages with high precision and recall, and that our incident-period classification method outperforms standard machine learning classification methods.
Address University of Trento, Italy; Fehler Textmarke Nicht Definiert, University of Trento, Italy; CNRS, LIG, France; QCRI, Doha, Qatar
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Social Media Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 396
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Jose J. Gonzalez; Murray Turoff
Title ICT support and the effectiveness of decision making in disasters: A preliminary system dynamics model Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 668-673
Keywords Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information systems; System theory; Conceptual model; Decision making process; Disaster management; Distributed teams; Ict; Large scale disasters; Social media; System dynamics model; Decision making
Abstract A high level conceptual model is presented of factors hypothesized to be key determinants of the effectiveness of decision making in large scale disasters, grounded in the literature on disaster management. ICT robustness (including the use of social media) sensemaking, and the effectiveness of decision making processes by the multi-organizational Partially Distributed Teams that must cooperate are accorded key roles in the process model. The outcomes of the decision making processes modeled are decisions, in terms of timeliness and quality.
Address NJIT, United States; Centre for Integrated Emergency Management, U. of Agder, Norway
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Analytical Modelling and Simulation Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 582
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Linda Plotnick
Title Dealing with information overload when using social media for emergency management: Emerging solutions Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 823-827
Keywords Civil defense; Information systems; Natural language processing systems; Risk management; Decision making process; Emergency management; Emergency response; Information overloads; NAtural language processing; Social convention; Social media; Trending topics; Disasters
Abstract Several recent studies point the way to enabling emergency response managers to be able to find relevant posts and incorporate them into their sensemaking and decision making processes. Among the approaches that have improved the ability to find the most relevant information are the social conventions of creating topic groups and tags and of “retweeting;” the use of trained volunteers to filter and summarize posts for responders; automated notifications of trending topics; natural language processing of posts; techniques for identifying posts from the disaster site; and the use of GIS and crisis maps to visually represent the distribution of incidents.
Address NJIT, Newark NJ, United States; Jacksonville State U., AL, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Social Media Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 583
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Stefan Sackmann; Marlen Hofmann; Hans Betke
Title Towards the Integration of Place-related Information in Disaster Response Processes Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 78-83
Keywords Disasters; Emergency services; Enterprise resource management; Information systems; Management information systems; Work simplification; Business process management; Disaster response; Model-based analysis; Place-related dependencies; Process modeling language; Spatial informations; Successful management; Workflow management systems; Information management
Abstract Processes in disaster response management (DRM) and business processes are similar due to their general structure and goals. This encourages us to analyze the suitability of business process management tools and methods in the domain of DRM. One main challenge is the coverage of disaster specific aspects by existing process modeling languages. Since interdependencies between time, activities, and place are critical for process planning, we discuss the necessity for model extension. A special focus lies on the integration of place-related information as well as interdependencies resulting from stationary and mobile activities and resources. The integration of such place-related information is discussed as pre-condition for effective and efficient planning of disaster response processes and their successful management by disaster response workflow management systems.
Address Department of Information Science and Management, Martin Luther University, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Coordination and Collaboration Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 904
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Stella Moehrle
Title Modeling of countermeasures for large-scale disasters using high-level petri nets Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 284-289
Keywords Artificial intelligence; Decision support systems; Disaster prevention; Information systems; Petri nets; Automatic processing; Disaster management; Generic approach; Generic decisions; High-level Petri nets; Large-scale disasters; Disasters
Abstract In order to support decision-making in large-scale disasters, IT-based decision support systems provide appropriate countermeasures to respond to the event. For the implementation of measures, logical and temporal dependencies have to be considered. Furthermore, factors influencing the choice of measures should be taken into account. This paper presents a generic approach to modeling sequences of countermeasures using Highlevel Petri Nets including information about the influencing factors and endangered objects. Moreover, an approach to combining several nets is proposed, which establish new sequences for recommendation. The research is part of the development of a generic decision support system for large-scale disasters. Consequently, the focus is on modeling in a generic manner and on automatic processing.
Address Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 777
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Stephen C. Fortier
Title Developing an incident response process model for chemical facilities Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 941-950
Keywords Chemical industry; Emergency services; Hazards; Human resource management; Information systems; Information technology; Requirements engineering; Risk management; Business process modelling; Chemical facility; Emergency management; Emergency response; Hazardous substances; Incident response; Chemical plants
Abstract This research project investigated the incident response mechanism used by the chemical industry for handling extremely hazardous chemicals. The mechanism was described as the policies, procedures, practices, tools, and methods used to conduct incident response. The results from the study determined what technologies, specifically software and information systems, could be utilized to improve the chemical facility incident response mechanism. The chemical industry is responsible for process safety management at all of its facilities, especially those that have off-site consequences in the event of an unplanned release. The processes and procedures of local, regional and national emergency responders have been studied thoroughly. An area of research that is lacking is the study of incident response policies and procedures within the boundaries of a chemical site. Results of the analysis determined that the chemical industry, in general, does not take advantage of available information technology when responding to unplanned releases.
Address George Washington University, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Open Track Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 502
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Steven Curnin; Christine Owen
Title A typology to facilitate multi-agency coordination Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 115-119
Keywords Civil defense; Disasters; Information systems; Boundary spanning; Diagnostic tools; Emergency management; Information and communication systems; Inter-organizational; Multi agencies; Organizational boundaries; Situation awareness; Risk management
Abstract Multi-agency coordination in emergency management presents many challenges. Agencies that normally operate independently have to assemble into a unified supra organization to achieve a common goal. To achieve successful multi-agency coordination organizations need to span organizational boundaries and provide linkages with multiple agencies. This requires interorganizational compatibility of information and communication systems. Necessary for this success are the stakeholders responsible for facilitating these organizational boundary spanning activities. This paper proposes that the preliminary research findings can create a typology of dimensions crucial to facilitating multi-agency emergency management coordination. It is envisaged that the typology will culminate into a diagnostic tool that will enable stakeholders to examine the breakdowns and successes of multi-agency emergency management coordination.
Address University of Tasmania, Australia
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Coordination and Collaboration Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 419
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Sung Pil Moon; Yikun Liu; Steven O. Entezari; Afarin Pirzadeh; Andrew Pappas; Mark Pfaff
Title Top health trends: An information visualization tool for awareness of local health trends Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 177-187
Keywords Automation; Decision support systems; Information analysis; Public health; Social networking (online); Automated process; Decision aids; Health trends; Information visualization; Intelligent information; Natural disasters; Situation awareness; Visualization technique; Information systems
Abstract We developed an intelligent information visualization tool to enable public health officials to detect healthrelated trends in any geographic area of interest, based on Twitter data. Monitoring emergent events such as natural disasters, disease outbreaks, and terrorism is vital for protecting public health. Our goal is to support situation awareness (SA) for personnel responsible for early detection and response to public health threats. To achieve this goal, our application identifies the most frequently tweeted illnesses in a ranked chart and map for a selected geographic area. Automated processes mine and filter health-related tweets, visualize changes in rankings over time, and present other keywords frequently associated with each illness. User-centered visualization techniques of monitoring, inspecting, exploring, comparing and forecasting supports all the three stages of SA. An evaluation conducted with experts in health-related domains provided significant insights about awareness of localized health trends and their practical use in their daily work.
Address Indiana University, IN, United States; MESH Coalition, IN, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Critical Infrastructures Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 783
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Sven Schaust; Maximilian Walther; Michael Kaisser
Title Avalanche: Prepare, manage, and understand crisis situations using social media analytics Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 852-857
Keywords Hardware; Crisis management; Event detection; Natural hazard; Social media analytics; Twitter; Information systems
Abstract The recent rise of Social Media services has created huge streams of information which can be very valuable in a variety of scenarios. One specific scenario that has received interest is how Social Media analytics can be beneficial in crisis situations. In this paper, we describe our vision for a Social Media-ready command and control center. As motivation for our work, we present a short analysis of tweets issued in NYC during Hurricane Sandy in late October 2012 and we give an overview of the architecture of our event detection subsystem.
Address AGT Group (R and D) GmbH, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Social Media Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 919
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Svend-Anjes Pahl; Thomas Thiel-Clemen
Title KIS – A crisis team information system Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 632-637
Keywords Information systems; Knowledge management; Management information systems; Crisis management systems; Crisis team; Disaster assistance; Manage information; On demands; Ontology-based; Human resource management
Abstract Widespread crises require the deployment of a crisis team, to coordinate the disaster assistance. Because of their low frequency of occurrence and the extensive assignment of volunteers, often only less practical knowledge in managing widespread crises are available on demand. If such a crisis occurs, the gained knowledge must be quickly shared within the team. Current crisis management systems are designed to manage big amounts of situation facts, crisis teams based their work on. But very often these systems are not able to manage information about the linkage of these facts causing the problems. KIS is the first prototype of a crisis team information system, able to combine an ontology based data model for situation representation with the ability to forecast causal chained and spatially related problems derived on situation facts. KIS is able to store and manage this knowledge so that it can easily be shared with others.
Address Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Intelligent Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 828
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) T. Comes; F. Fiedrich; S. Fortier; J. Geldermann; T. Müller
Title ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords
Abstract The proceedings contain 137 papers. The topics discussed include: power outage communications: survey of needs, infrastructures and concepts; case study on risk analysis for critical systems with reliability block diagrams; the effect of age on technology acceptance among field police officers; crisis clever, a system for supporting crisis managers; dealing with information overload when using social media for emergency management: emerging solutions; 'do-it-yourself justice': considerations of social media use in a crisis situation: the case of the 2011 Vancouver riots; locating emergency responders using mobile wireless sensor networks; near real-time forensic disaster analysis; combining real and virtual volunteers through social media; emergency management: identifying problem domains in communication; and a cross impact scenario model of organizational behavior in emergencies.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 54
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Tao Bo; Bartel A. Van De Walle
Title Meeting the sphere standards: An analysis of earthquake response in China Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 517-525
Keywords Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information systems; Management information systems; Spheres; 2008 wenchuan earthquakes; China; Disaster management; Earthquake response; International federation; Non-government organizations; Practical experience; Severe earthquakes; Earthquakes
Abstract As a country which frequently suffers from natural disasters, especially earthquakes, China has implemented its own disaster management system to respond to them. The Chinese government gained practical experiences on how to respond to severe earthquakes after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake and 2010 Yushu Earthquake. Although China has done a lot to improve its response operations, challenges remain. This paper analyses what these challenges are by using the Sphere Standard as a benchmark to measure the Chinese response operations. The Sphere project was launched in 1997 by Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. It framed a Humanitarian Charter and established the Minimum Standards for response which emphasize meeting the urgent survival needs of people in the affected regions, while asserting their basic human right to a life with dignity. Based on this analysis, suggestions are provided to improve China's earthquake response operations.
Address Earthquake Administration of Beijing Municipality, China; Tilburg University, Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Humanitarian Challenges Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 331
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Thomas Bernard; Mathias Braun; Olivier Piller; Denis Gilbert; Jochen Deuerlein; Andreas Korth; Reik Nitsche; Marie Maurel; Anne-Claire Sandraz; Fereshte Sedehizade; Jean-Marc Weber; Caty Werey
Title SMaRT-OnlineWDN: Online security management and reliability toolkit for water distribution networks Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 171-176
Keywords Computer simulation; Contamination; Decision support systems; Industrial management; Information systems; Runoff; Water quality; Water supply; Abnormal conditions; Online simulation; Operation and control; Sensor measurements; Source identification; Transport modeling; Water distribution networks; Water supply networks; Water distribution systems
Abstract Water distribution Networks (WDNs) are critical infrastructures that are exposed to deliberate or accidental contamination. Until now, no monitoring system is capable of protecting a WDN in real time. In the immediate future water service utilities that are installing water quantity and quality sensors in their networks will be producing a continuous and huge data stream for treating. The main objective of the project SMaRT-OnlineWDN is the development of an online security management toolkit for water distribution networks that is based on sensor measurements of water quality as well as water quantity and online simulation. Its field of application ranges from detection of deliberate contamination, including source identification and decision support for effective countermeasures, to improved operation and control of a WDN under normal and abnormal conditions.
Address Fraunhofer Institute IOSB, Germany; IRSTEA, France; 3S Consult GmbH, Germany; DVGW-Technologiezentrum Wasser, Germany; Veolia Environnement, France; Veolia Eau d'Ile de France, France; Berliner Wasserbetriebe, Germany; Communauté Urbaine de Strasbourg, Germany; Engees, France
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Critical Infrastructures Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 313
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Thomas Münzberg; Tim Müller; Stella Möhrle; Tina Comes; Frank Schultmann
Title An integrated multi-criteria approach on vulnerability analysis in the context of load reduction Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 251-260
Keywords Decision support systems; Disaster prevention; Information systems; Disaster management; Economy and society; Interdependent infrastructures; Load reduction; Multi-criteria approach; Multi-criteria decision analysis; Vulnerability analysis; Vulnerability assessments; Outages
Abstract Load reduction is an emergency measure to stabilize an electrical grid by decoupling some supply areas to balance the demand and supply of electricity in power grids. In the decoupled areas, power outages may cause important consequences, which may propagate further via the network of interdependent infrastructures. Therefore, support is needed to choose the regions to be decoupled. This paper describes an approach to analyze the risk triggered by load reduction that can be used for disaster management and load reduction scheme optimization. The core of our work is the vulnerability assessment that takes into account the consequences of load reduction on economy and society. The approach facilitates participatory decision support by making the vulnerability of regions especially in urban transparent.
Address Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 796
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Thomas Münzberg; Ulrich Berbner; Tina Comes; Hanno Friedrich; Wendelin Groß; Hans-Christian Pfohl; Frank Schultmann
Title Decision support for critical infrastructure disruptions: An integrated approach to secure food supply Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 312-316
Keywords Decision support systems; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information systems; Risk management; Supply chains; Decision supports; Disaster management; Expert assessment; Integrated approach; Multi-criteria decision analysis; Multicriteria decision support; Supply chain risk management; Supply disruption; Food supply
Abstract Supplies of food and water are essential in disaster management, particularly in the very early chaotic phases when demand and available resources are highly uncertain, information systems are disrupted, and communication between communities, food suppliers, retail and emergency authorities is difficult. As many actors and organisations are involved in ever more complex food supply chains, cooperation and collaboration are vital for efficient and effective disaster management. To support decision-makers facing these problems, this paper introduces a scenario-based approach that integrates simulation of disruptions in food supply chains, and qualitative expert assessment to develop consistent scenarios that show the consequences of different strategies. To choose the best individual measures for all relevant actors and to compare it with the best overall strategy approaches from multi-criteria decision analysis are used.
Address Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies, Germany; Supply Chain and Network Management, TU Darmstadt, Germany; Institute for Industrial Production, Germany; Department of Commercial Transport, Institute of Traffic and Transport, Germany; 4flow AG, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 797
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Tilo Mentler; Michael Herczeg
Title Applying ISO 9241-110 dialogue principles to tablet applications in emergency medical services Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 502-506
Keywords Ergonomics; Information systems; Mobile devices; User interfaces; Dialogue principles; Emergency medical services; Iso 9241-110; Mass casualty incidents; Usability; User interface designs; Emergency services
Abstract In the safety- And time-critical context of pre-hospital medical care, usability is a major challenge that needs to be addressed, because interaction problems or errors may have serious consequences for patients as well as employees of Emergency Medical Services (EMS). In this regard, a user-centered human-computer interface is a crucial factor for efficient usage as well as user acceptance. Well-established design principles can serve as directives throughout the analysis, design, implementation, and evaluation of applications. For standard PCbased applications the ISO standard 9241-110 serves as a practical guide since many years. However, new types of devices, especially mobile systems impose new challenges and ways of interpreting usability standards and guidelines. In this paper, we apply the ISO-Standard 9241-110 dialogue principles to mobile applications in EMS, considering the challenges of designing a system suitable for supporting users in both regular day-to-day services as well as rare Mass Casualty Incidents (MCIs).
Address Institute for Multimedia and Interactive Systems, University of Luebeck, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium