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Author (up) Adam Widera; Chiara Fonio; Sandra Lechtenberg; Bernd Hellingrath pdf 
  Title Measuring Innovations in Crisis Management Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 1051-1062  
  Keywords Performance measurement; crisis management; innovation  
  Abstract Crisis management (CM) organizations regularly face the challenge to assess the potential impact of a change in their socio-technical setup. No matter if a new software, a new tool, a simple workflow or a broader organizational structure become available, CM organizations need to estimate the potential added value under a high degree of uncertainty. In general, the more reliable information about the new solution is available, the more informed the decisions are. One promising way in assessing the potential impact of new CM solutions can be found through its application in an as realistic as possible and an as secure as necessary setup. However, such artificial scenarios like simulation exercises hold the risk of measuring the performance of the solution itself rather than its contribution to the CM operation. In this paper we review the state of the art in measuring crisis management performance, discuss the results in the context of performance measurement in general and present a performance measurement approach supporting a structured assessment of innovative CM solutions applied within collaborative demonstration project.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes adam.widera@uni-muenster.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1625  
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Author (up) Ahmed S. Khalaf; Poom Pianpak; Sultan A. Alharthi; Zahra NaminiMianji; Ruth Torres; Son Tran; Igor Dolgov; Zachary O. Toups pdf 
  Title An Architecture for Simulating Drones in Mixed Reality Games to Explore Future Search and Rescue Scenarios Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 971-982  
  Keywords Mixed Reality; Drones; Simulations; Disaster Response; Search and Rescue  
  Abstract The proliferation of unmanned aerial systems (i.e., drones) can provide great value to the future of search and rescue. However, with the increase adoption of such systems, issues around hybrid human-drone team coordination and planning will arise. To address these early challenges, we provide insights into the development of testbeds in the form of mixed reality games with simulated drones. This research presents an architecture to address challenges and opportunities in using drones for search and rescue. On this architecture, we develop a mixed reality game in which human players engage with the physical world and with gameplay that is purely virtual. We expect the architecture to be useful to a range of researchers an practitioners, forming the basis for investigating and training within this unique, new domain.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes salharth@nmsu.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1617  
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Author (up) Aibek Musaev; Kimberly Stowers; Jonghun Kam pdf 
  Title Harnessing Data to Create an Effective Drought Management System Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 544-552  
  Keywords Droughts; social response; PageRank  
  Abstract Drought is a complex climate phenomenon with slow emergence and quick vanish, which makes it hard for stakeholders to respond to drought timely. To reduce the vulnerability of our society to future drought, a better understanding of how society responds to drought is critical. Here, we propose a pilot study about social response to a recent California drought through social media. In this study, we identify the most important users using an extension of PageRank algorithm. We investigate the key drivers of the public activity in February, 2014 during the California drought. We also create a word cloud visualization from the most retweeted tweets. Lastly, we specify the information sources from those tweets. The findings of this study inform us that big data can help us to improve the current drought response plans through fundamental understanding of social response to drought, which is applicable to other natural hazards.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Social Media Studies Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes aibek@cs.ua.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1578  
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Author (up) Alan Aipe; Asif Ekbal; Mukuntha NS; Sadao Kurohashi pdf 
  Title Linguistic Feature Assisted Deep Learning Approach towards Multi-label Classification of Crisis Related Tweets Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 705-717  
  Keywords Deep learning; Multi-label classification; Social media; Crisis response  
  Abstract Micro-blogging site like Twitter, over the last decade, has evolved into a proactive communication channel during mass convergence and emergency events, especially in crisis stricken scenarios. Extracting multiple levels of information associated with the overwhelming amount of social media data generated during such situations remains a great challenge to disaster-affected communities and professional emergency responders. These valuable data, segregated into different informative categories, can be leveraged by the government agencies, humanitarian communities as well as citizens to bring about faster response in areas of necessity. In this paper, we address the above scenario by developing a deep Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) for multi-label classification of crisis related tweets.We augment deep CNN by several linguistic features extracted from Tweet, and investigate their usage in classification. Evaluation on a benchmark dataset show that our proposed approach attains the state-of-the-art performance.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Social Media Studies Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes asif.ekbal@gmail.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1592  
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Author (up) Alessandro Farasin; Paolo Garza pdf 
  Title PERCEIVE: Precipitation Data Characterization by means on Frequent Spatio-Temporal Sequences Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 1081-1088  
  Keywords Spatio-temporal sequence mining; Data characterization  
  Abstract Nowadays large amounts of climatology data, including daily precipitation data, are collected by means of sensors located in different locations of the world. The data driven analysis of these large data sets by means of scalable machine learning and data mining techniques allows extracting interesting knowledge from data, inferring interesting patterns and correlations among sets of spatio-temporal events and characterizing them. In this paper, we describe the PERCEIVE framework. PERCEIVE is a data-driven framework based on frequent spatio-temporal sequences and aims at extracting frequent correlations among spatio-temporal precipitation events. It is implemented by using R and Apache Spark, for scalability reasons, and provides also a visualization module that can be used to intuitively show the extracted patterns. A preliminary set of experiments show the efficiency and the effectiveness of PERCEIVE.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track 1st International Workshop on Intelligent Crisis Management Technologies for Climate Events (ICMT) Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes paolo.garza@polito.it Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1628  
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Author (up) Alexander Gabriel; Florian Brauner; Andreas Lotter; Frank Fiedrich; Ompe Aimé Mudimu pdf 
  Title The determination of critical components of European Rail Traffic Management systems towards cyber-attacks Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 291-303  
  Keywords Cyber Attack; (Counter-) Terrorism; Vulnerability; European Rail Traffic Management System (ERMTS); Railway Transport  
  Abstract “Recent events have shown the vulnerability of IT systems of companies, organizations or even governments to hacker attacks. At the same time, information technologies are becoming increasingly established and important in various industries (digitalization). With a view to the modern development of terrorism, cyber-attacks can be used to physically damage critical infrastructures (CI). This leads to a new dimension of cyber-attacks, which are called terrorist cyber-attacks. The following research contributes to the identification of weak information technology components of railway operating systems and thus improves the safety of public transportation in the context of the European railway traffic management system (ERTMS). The core of this paper is an extended literature research on security flaws in the ERTMS. The future introduction of a methodology for evaluating the criticality of information technology system components will build on this using cyber threats and public transportation as examples.”  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Cybersecurity Issues and Innoations for Crisis Response Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Alexander.Gabriel@th-koeln.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1556  
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Author (up) Anastasios Karakostas; Stefanos Vrochidis; Yiannis Kompatsiaris; Boris Kantsepolsky; Jürgen Moßgraber; Stamatia Dasiopoulou; Benjamin Mandler; Ari Karppinen; Michele Ferri; Iosif Vourvachis; Carmen Castro; Kim Lintrup pdf 
  Title beAWARE: Enhancing Decision Support and Management Services in Extreme Weather Climate Events Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 1136-1139  
  Keywords Crisis management; Early warning system; PSAP  
  Abstract In every disaster and crisis, incident time is the enemy, and getting accurate information about the scope, extent, and impact of the disaster is critical to creating and orchestrating an effective disaster response and recovery effort. The main goal of beAWARE framework is to provide support in all the phases of an emergency incident. More specifically, we propose an integrated solution to support forecasting, early warnings, transmission and routing of the emergency data, aggregated analysis of multimodal data and management the coordination between the first responders and the authorities.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Poster Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes akarakos@iti.gr Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1638  
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Author (up) Anne-Marie Barthe-Delanoë; Sébastien Truptil; Nelly Olivier-Maget; Frédérick Bénaben pdf 
  Title Towards an Organizational and Socio-Technical Context-Aware Adaptation of Emergency Plans Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 212-217  
  Keywords Agility; context awareness; emergency plan; preparation  
  Abstract In France, facilities listed under environment protection regulations are required to draw up emergency plans. During a crisis situation, facing an unexpected event, these plans may be irrelevant. They have to be adapted to the current crisis situation and its observed or anticipated evolutions, using data emitted by the crisis ecosystem. But this adaptation requires lots of effort and is time-consuming. This article aims at presenting an approach to ensure the dynamic adaptation of emergency plans. We propose to identify generic configuration variables (representing interactions of physical phenomena and human factors on the facility) and to feed these configuration variables by collecting and processing data emitted by sensors, social networks, official reports, etc. Therefore, emergency plans could natively integrate agility by their ability to detect and take into account a change in the crisis situation and decision makers will be supported since the early stage of the crisis response.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Command and control studies Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes ambarthe@gmail.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1549  
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Author (up) Apoorva Chauhan; Amanda Lee Hughes pdf 
  Title Social Media Resources Named after a Crisis Event Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 573-583  
  Keywords Crisis Informatics; Crisis Named Resources; Social Media  
  Abstract Crisis Named Resources (CNRs) are the social media accounts and pages named after a crisis event. CNRs typically appear spontaneously after an event as places for information exchange. They are easy to find when searching for information about the event. Yet in most cases, it is unclear who manages these resources. Thus, it is important to understand what kinds of information they provide and what role they play in a response. This paper describes a study of Facebook and Twitter CNRs around the 2016 Fort McMurray wildfire. We report on CNR lifecycles, and their relevance to the event. Based on the information provided by these resources, we categorize them into 8 categories: donations, fundraisers, prayers, reactions, reports, needs and offers, stories, and unrelated. We also report on the most popular CNR on both Facebook and Twitter. We conclude by discussing the role of CNRs and the need for future investigation.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Social Media Studies Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes amanda.hughes@usu.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1580  
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Author (up) Béatrice Linot; Jérôme Dinet; François Charoy; Valérie L. Shalin pdf 
  Title Information gain in sociotechnical systems Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 764-777  
  Keywords Communication; information sharing; virtual information display.  
  Abstract Much of the crisis management literature focuses on improving communication by improving the integrity of communication equipment, vulnerable for example, to the loss of electricity. But communication issues arise in sociotechnical systems with functioning communication equipment, prompting researchers and practitioners alike to bemoan the absence of information sharing. Computer scientists envision a giant virtual display accessible to all, but little thought has gone into the principles for selecting, formatting and organizing content to make it useful. Here we argue that what is needed is information rather than data, and that situating data in context is key to the provision of information. Documentation of information exchange issues in real crisis management is quite superficial, generally pointing to conclusions without any supporting data. Using documentation of the Deepwater Horizon Accident in 2010, we distinguish between data and information, and the challenge this poses to the design of computational support for information sharing.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Universal Design of ICT in Emergency Management Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes sc.gautier12@gmail.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1597  
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Author (up) Björn Johan Erik Johansson; Amanda Jaber; Joeri van Laere; Peter Berggren pdf 
  Title The lack of preparedness for payment disruptions in local community core businesses Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 904-913  
  Keywords Critical infrastructure; resilience; payment system; food distribution; fuel distribution  
  Abstract One of the most important infrastructures for society is the payment system. If this system malfunctions, it can lead to disruptions in other critical infrastructures. By developing resilience i.e. the ability to recover or resist different disruptions in complex dynamic systems, as well as analyzing and raising awareness about it, such events can hopefully be handled better. The purpose of this study is to gain an insight into the different sectors’ ways of dealing with disturbances in the payment system. Six participants from the food, fuel and bank sectors were interviewed using semi-structured questions. The interviews were conducted and data was analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. The results indicate a low level of resilience maturity among these organizations when it comes to handle long-term disruptions in the payment systems. The results provide valuable input to the project and a better understanding of payment infrastructure resilience.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Designing for Resilience Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes bjorn.j.e.johansson@gmail.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1610  
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Author (up) Björn Johan Erik Johansson; Joeri van Laere; Peter Berggren pdf 
  Title Evaluating Team Resilience in Simulator-Based Crisis Management Training Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 914-923  
  Keywords Team resilience; assessment; simulation games; training; Systemic Resilience Model  
  Abstract Currently, there is a lack of assessment approaches for evaluation of resilient capabilities in simulation games. This paper presents work-in-progress to create such an instrument to be used in crisis management simulation games for the fuel, food, and finance sectors. The “Team Resilience Assessment Method for Simulation” (TRAMS) is based on the Systemic Resilience Model and departs from the assumption that resilient crisis management teams will be able to develop strategies for assuring that anticipation, monitoring, response, recovery, and learning are established and maintained in their respective organizations as well as in the crisis management team. A prototype version of the TRAMS, based on the experiences of representatives from the involved sectors and firmly related to resilience theory, is presented and discussed. The TRAMS instrument will be tested in 30 planned simulations games including participants from the fuel, food, and finance sectors.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Designing for Resilience Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes bjorn.j.e.johansson@gmail.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1611  
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Author (up) Changwon Son; Jukrin Moon; S. Camille Peres; Farzan Sasangohar pdf 
  Title An Episode as a Trace of Resilient Performance in Multi-Agency Incident Management Systems Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 942-948  
  Keywords Resilience; Emergency; Incident Management; Episode Analysis  
  Abstract In order to cope with increasing complexity of catastrophic disasters, resilience is considered an essential capability of an incident management system (IMS). As resilience is manifested during systems operation, a naturalistic observational study was conducted to understand how resilient performance dynamically takes place in this domain. The study results were presented using the concept of episodes, each of which uncovers a trace of such resilient performance following an information input called an inject. The episode analysis also facilitated the identification of complex and dynamic interactions among human and technological agents to satisfy work demands, representing work-as-done (WAD) in large-scale emergency response operations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Designing for Resilience Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes coralx@tamu.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1614  
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Author (up) Chanvi Kotak; Brian Tomaszewski; Erik Golen pdf 
  Title 3-1-1 Calls Hot Spot Analysis During Hurricane Harvey: Preliminary Results Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 350-361  
  Keywords Hurricane Harvey; 3-1-1 data calls; hot spot analysis.  
  Abstract Hurricane Harvey caused massive damage and necessitated the need for identification of areas under high risk. During Harvey, the city of Houston received more than 77000, 3-1-1 calls for assistance. Due to damage caused to the infrastructure, it became difficult to handle and respond to the crisis. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a vital technology to assist with real-time disaster monitoring. we investigated if a correlation could be found between 311 data calls made during the Hurricane Harvey and aerial images captured during the event, specifically to see if 311 data could be ground-truthed via hot spot analysis. Preliminary results indicate that visual representation of 3-1-1 call data can aid in analyzing the expected areas of high traffic of calls for assistance and plan an effective way to manage resources. Future work will involve more in-depth analysis of combined 3-1-1 call data with satellite imagery using image classification techniques.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Geospatial Technologies and Geographic Information Science for Crisis Management (GIS) Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes cxk3713@rit.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1561  
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Author (up) Christian Reuter; Gerhard Backfried; Marc-André Kaufhold; Fabian Spahr pdf 
  Title ISCRAM turns 15: A Trend Analysis of all ISCRAM-Papers 2004-2017 Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 445-458  
  Keywords ISCRAM; Social Media; Trend Analysis; Systematic Literature Review; Vocabulary Analysis  
  Abstract In 2004, Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM) was a new area of research. Pioneering researchers from different continents and disciplines found fellowship at the first ISCRAM work-shop. Around the same time, the use of social media in crises was first recognized in academia. In 2018, the 15th ISCRAM conference will take place, which gives us the possibility to look back on what has already been achieved with regard to IT support in crises using social media. With this article, we examine trends and devel-opments with a specific focus on social media. We analyzed all papers published at previous ISCRAMs (n=1339). Our analysis shows that various platforms, the use of language and coverage of different types of disasters follow certain trends – most noticeably a dominance of Twitter, English and crises with large impacts such as hurricanes or earthquakes can be seen.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Social Media Studies Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes reuter@peasec.tu-darmstadt.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1570  
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Author (up) David Paulus; Kenny Meesters; Bartel Van de Walle pdf 
  Title Turning data into action: supporting humanitarian field workers with open data Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 1030-1039  
  Keywords Humanitarian disaster response; decision-making support; information needs; information systems  
  Abstract In the aftermath of disasters, information is of the essence for humanitarian decision makers in the field. Their concrete information needs is highly context-influenced and often they find themselves unable to access the right information at the right time. We propose a novel ICT-based approach to address these information needs more accurately. First, we select a group of in-field decision makers and collect their concrete information needs in the disaster aftermath. We then review to what extent existing data and tools can already address these needs. We conclude that existing solutions fall short in meeting important information needs of the selected group. We describe the design of an information system prototype to address these gaps more accurately. We combine data of the International Aid Transparency Initiative and the Humanitarian Data Exchange to form the data-backend of our system. We describe our implementation approach and evaluation plan.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes d.paulus@tudelft.nl Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1623  
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Author (up) Diana Fischer; Carsten Schwemmer; Kai Fischbach pdf 
  Title Terror Management and Twitter: The Case of the 2016 Berlin Terrorist Attack Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 459-468  
  Keywords Terrorist attacks; social networking sites; social media; Twitter; topic modeling; terror management; sense-making  
  Abstract There is evidence that people increasingly use social networking sites like Twitter in the aftermath of terrorist attacks to make sense of the events at the collective level. This work-in-progress paper focuses on the content of Twitter messages related to the 2016 terrorist attack on the Berlin Christmas market. We chose topic modeling to investigate the Twitter data and the terror management theory perspective to understand why people used Twitter in the aftermath of the attack. In particular, by connecting people and providing a real-time communication channel, Twitter helps its users collectively negotiate their worldviews and re-establish self-esteem. We provide first results and discuss next steps.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Social Media Studies Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes diana.fischer@uni-bamberg.de Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1571  
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Author (up) Dick Ooms; Willem-Jan van den Heuvel; Bartel Van de Walle pdf 
  Title A Conceptual Framework for Civil-Military Interaction in Peace Support Operations Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 1003-1015  
  Keywords Civil-Military Interaction (CMI); domain modeling; process model; knowledge management; case study.  
  Abstract In complex emergencies, civil and military organizations often find themselves being partners in an international effort aimed at peace keeping, humanitarian relief, and development support. Civil and military partners need to exchange information and to cooperate as required. This assumes effective and efficient Civil-Military Interaction (CMI). However, CMI research literature shows that, in practice, this is far from a reality. In particular, our research indicates that deficiencies in knowledge processes and knowledge management within international civil and military organizations contribute to the causes of ineffective and inefficient CMI. Our research aims to investigate the feasibility of developing technical solutions exploiting knowledge engineering, to support fieldworkers in overcoming these CMI problems. As a first step, this paper introduces a Conceptual Framework (CF) that captures reference models of the CMI domain. The CF has been developed to analyze CMI problems and underlying KM deficiencies. It is being illustrated, explored and validated using real-world case studies.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes dickooms@planet.nl Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1620  
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Author (up) Efstratios Kontopoulos; Panagiotis Mitzias; Jürgen Moßgraber; Philipp Hertweck; Hylke van der Schaaf; Désirée Hilbring; Francesca Lombardo; Daniele Norbiato; Michele Ferri; Anastasios Karakostas; Stefanos Vrochidis; Ioannis Kompatsiaris pdf 
  Title Ontology-based Representation of Crisis Management Procedures for Climate Events Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 1064-1073  
  Keywords Crisis management; ontology; semantic integration; decision support; description logics  
  Abstract One of the most critical challenges faced by authorities during the management of a climate-related crisis is the overwhelming flow of heterogeneous information coming from humans and deployed sensors (e.g. cameras, temperature measurements, etc.), which has to be processed in order to filter meaningful items and provide crisis decision support. Towards addressing this challenge, ontologies can provide a semantically unified representation of the domain, along with superior capabilities in querying and information retrieval. Nevertheless, the recently proposed ontologies only cover subsets of the relevant concepts. This paper proposes a more “all-around” lightweight ontology for climate crisis management, which greatly facilitates decision support and merges several pertinent aspects: representation of a crisis, climate parameters that may cause climate crises, sensor analysis, crisis incidents and related impacts, first responder unit allocations. The ontology could constitute the backbone of the decision support systems for crisis management.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track 1st International Workshop on Intelligent Crisis Management Technologies for Climate Events (ICMT) Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes skontopo@iti.gr Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1626  
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Author (up) Elmhadhbi Linda; Karray Mohamed Hedi; Archimède Bernard pdf 
  Title Towards an Operational Emergency Response System for Large Scale Situations: POLARISC Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 778-785  
  Keywords Emergency response; Emergency Response System; Semantic interoperability; Ontology.  
  Abstract After a lot of recent natural and human-made disasters all over the word, the large scale emergency response process is becoming very critical and challenging. Lives can be lost and property can be harmed. To respond to these major threats, an effective operational emergency response system needs to address the necessity of data sharing, information exchange and correlation between different Emergency Responders (ERs) including firefighters, police, health care services, army, municipality and so on to successfully respond to large scale disasters. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to introduce POLARISC, an interoperable software solution based on a common and modular ontology shared by all the ERs. Its main objective is to solve the problem of semantic difference and heterogeneity of data to guarantee a common understanding among the various ERs in order to coordinate and to obtain a real time operational picture of the situation.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Universal Design of ICT in Emergency Management Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes linda.elmhadhbi@enit.fr Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1598  
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Author (up) Erion Elmasllari pdf 
  Title Why IT systems for emergency response get rejected: examining responders' attitude to IT Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 994-1002  
  Keywords Acceptance of ICT; Survey on existing approaches; Impact of IT; Grounded Theory  
  Abstract Emergency responders’ attitude to IT is marked by resistance, aversity, and rejection. This does not extend to technology in general and is specific to IT alone. Current research on the topic only presents partial, scattered, and unconnected accounts that do not provide a starting point on how to tackle this attitude. The available models for technology acceptance are also generic and do not take into account the specifics of the emergency response domain. Through extensive user research combined with a grounded theory approach, this paper identifies twelve problem areas from which responders' negative attitude towards IT arises. By extending the technology acceptance models with this new knowledge, we provide system designers with an understanding of what to tackle and tune in their IT system designs so that a positive attitude among emergency responders can be achieved.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes erion@elmasllari.com Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1619  
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Author (up) Fabio Ciravegna; Jerry Gao; Chris Ingram; Neil Ireson; Vita Lanfranchi; Humasak Simanjuntak pdf 
  Title Mapping Mobility to Support Crisis Management Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 305-316  
  Keywords GIS; mapping; mobility tracking; large scale data; visual analytics.  
  Abstract In this paper we describe a method and an infrastructure for rapid mapping of mobility patterns, based on a combination of a mobile mobility tracker, a large-scale data collection infrastructure, and a data and visual analytics tool. The combination of the three enables mapping everyday mobility patterns for decision makers, e.g. city council, motorways authorities, etc. and can support emergency responders in improving their preparedness and the recovery in the aftermath of a crisis. The technology is currently employed over very large scale: (i) in England it is used by a public body to incentivise physical mobility (400,000 app downloads and hundreds of millions of data point since September 2017); (ii) in Sheffield UK, through the MoveMore initiative, tracking active mobility of users (5,000 downloads); and (iii) the European project SETA, to track multimodal mobility patterns in three cities (Birmingham, Santander and Turin).  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Geospatial Technologies and Geographic Information Science for Crisis Management (GIS) Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes n.ireson@sheffield.ac.uk Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1557  
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Author (up) Federico Angaramo; Claudio Rossi pdf 
  Title Online clustering and classification for real-time event detection in Twitter Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 1098-1107  
  Keywords Event detection; Social Media; Clustering; Machine Learning; Twitter  
  Abstract Event detection from social media is a challenging task due to the volume, the velocity and the variety of user-generated data requiring real-time processing. Despite recent works on this subject, a generalized and scalable approach that could be applied across languages and topics has not been consolidated, yet. In this paper, we propose a methodology for real-time event detection from Twitter data that allows users to select a topic of interest by defining a simple set of keywords and a matching rule. We implement the proposed methodology and evaluate it with real data to detect different types of events.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track 1st International Workshop on Intelligent Crisis Management Technologies for Climate Events (ICMT) Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes rossi@ismb.it Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1630  
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Author (up) Fiona Jennet McNeill; Diana Bental; Jeremy Bryans; Paolo Missier; Jannetta Steyn pdf 
  Title Informing decision makers: facilitating communication and trust for decision makers during crises Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 1133-1135  
  Keywords Command and Control; decision making; data integration; information gathering; provenance; trust  
  Abstract This paper describes our approach to facilitating automated data sharing during a crisis management scenario. There are a number of reasons why this is difficult, of which we are addressing two of the main ones. Firstly, data in different organisations (and organisations) is mismatched in that different terminology, structure, specificity and data formats are used, so automated comprehension of data is problematic. Secondly, is that it is hard to assess the trustworthiness of data from other organisations. We have developed data-matching and provenance-based solutions to these problems individually. In this paper, we discuss how best these approaches can be integrated so that decision makers can quickly and automatically be presented with data to match, or approximately match, their data needs, together with the right information for them to understand the quality and meaning of this data, and introduce the CEM-DIT (Communication for Emergency Management through Data Integration and Trust) system.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszewski  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium  
  Track Poster Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes fmcneill@hw.ac.uk Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1637  
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Author (up) Firoj Alam; Ferda Ofli; Muhammad Imran; Michael Aupetit pdf 
  Title A Twitter Tale of Three Hurricanes: Harvey, Irma, and Maria Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018  
  Volume Issue Pages 553-572  
  Keywords social media; artificial intelligence; image processing; supervised classification; disaster management  
  Abstract People increasingly use microblogging platforms such as Twitter during natural disasters and emergencies. Research studies have revealed the usefulness of the data available on Twitter for several disaster response tasks. However, making sense of social media data is a challenging task due to several reasons such as limitations of available tools to analyze high-volume and high-velocity data streams. This work presents an extensive multidimensional analysis of textual and multimedia content from millions of tweets shared on Twitter during the three disaster events. Specifically, we employ various Artificial Intelligence techniques from Natural Language Processing and Computer Vision fields, which exploit different machine learning algorithms to process the data generated during the disaster events. Our study reveals the distributions of various types of useful information that can inform crisis managers and responders as well as facilitate the development of future automated systems for disaster management.