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Author (up) Aarland, M. pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Digital Supply Chain Cyber Risks in the Power Industry: A resilience framework Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 1080-1080  
  Keywords Digital Supply Chain; Cyber Risks; Resiliency  
  Abstract The goal of this industrial PhD is to investigate how to include resilience into a cyber-security strategy to safeguard vital infrastructure. Critical infrastructure is increasingly susceptible since businesses are using technology more often. These infrastructures are also components of a vast, integrated, and increasing digital supply chain that transcends national boundaries, adding to the difficulties. A bigger attack surface where an attacker might use vulnerabilities contained in suppliers' and sub suppliers' chains could come from this extension of the digital supply chain. The study will add to our understanding of how to manage intricate supply chains in critical infrastructure with stringent dependability requirements. The digitalization processes in the supply chain include changes to the organizational structure, necessitating a robust strategy for continual improvement. The research question for this project is as follows: How can a resilience framework contribute to managing the complex digital supply chain for stakeholders in the power industry? The system dynamic (SD) approach will be used to generate a simulation based on the findings from each of the methods. Previous supply chain research has demonstrated that SD modelling is an effective strategy for building resilience in supply networks. To comprehend and examine the behavior of dynamic and complex systems, the notion of SD was established. The theory of system dynamics is based on the idea that actions done in systems will change the system, which will then lead to new actions. To collect primary data the qualitative method chosen as most suitable the semi-structured interview. To understand a social phenomenon, one needs to listen to people who reflect on their own experiences, knowledge, and motivation. Through interviews, it is possible to go into depth on the phenomenon and gather complex and rich data that is not available through literature review only. Contributions from this Ph.D. study are grouped into two categories: academia and organization. Further understanding regarding supply chain vulnerability and the implementation of potential techniques and ideas in novel contexts are academic contributions. The development of the resilience framework, which aims to address the difficult problem of managing stakeholders in the digital supply chain, is a contribution made by the organizations. The goal for CIs is to have resilient DSCs that can withstand and improve from high-pressure situations. Improving DSC resilience requires an understanding of the supply chain network that includes suppliers’ and their sub-suppliers’ incentives, all the way to its downstream customers’ incentives. By understanding the structure of the system, the ability to ascertain the behavior of the system increases, providing opportunities to better manage the system. If we can harness the positive incentives for collaboration and social connection the road to a more resilient CI that is available when the society require it becomes easier.  
  Address University of Agder  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 979-8-218-21749-5 Medium  
  Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2598  
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Author (up) Aarland, M.; Radianti, J.; Gjøsæter, T. pdf  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Using System Dynamics to Simulate Trust in Digital Supply Chains Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 516-529  
  Keywords System Dynamics; Critical Infrastructure; Digital Supply Chain; Cybersecurity, Trust  
  Abstract The power industry is outsourcing and digitalising their services to provide better, faster, and more reliable supply of electric power to the society. As a result, critical infrastructure increases in complexity and tight couplings between multiple suppliers and systems in digital supply chains. It also introduces new risks and challenges that are difficult to manage for critical infrastructure owners. To address the vulnerability in digital supply chains, we have developed a system dynamics model that represent important challenges to manage cybersecurity in digital supply chains, based on input from an expert group in the power industry. The system dynamics model illustrates how trust in suppliers as well as the need for control play important roles in outsourcing. Scenarios were developed and simulated.  
  Address Center for Integrated Emergency Research, University of Agder  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 979-8-218-21749-5 Medium  
  Track Analytic Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/CAGD9224 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2544  
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Author (up) Abdelgawad, A.A. pdf  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title An Updated System Dynamics Model for Analysing the Cascading Effects of Critical Infrastructure Failures Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 595-608  
  Keywords Critical Infrastructure; Cascading Failures; System Dynamics; Modelling And Simulation; Decision-Making  
  Abstract Aiming at examining the cascading effects of the failure of Critical Infrastructure (CI), this work-in-progress research introduces an improved System Dynamics model. We represent an improvement over the previous models aimed at studying CIs interdependencies and their cascading effects. Our model builds on earlier models and corrects their flaws. In addition to introducing structural enhancements, the improvements include using unpublished data, a fresh look at a previously collected dataset and employing a new data processing to address and resolve some longstanding issues. The dataset was fed to an optimisation model to produce a new dataset used in our model. The structure of our SD model, its dataset and the data processing techniques we employed to create this dataset are all described in the study. Although the model has passed the fundamental validation criteria, more validation testing and scenario exploration are yet to be conducted.  
  Address Centre for Integrated Emergency Research,University of Agder  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 979-8-218-21749-5 Medium  
  Track Analytic Modeling and Simulation Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/XMVD9392 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2550  
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Author (up) Abildsnes, E.; Paulsen, S.; Gonzalez, J.J. pdf  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Improving resilience against a pandemic: A novel technology for strategy development with practitioners and decision-makers Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 964-974  
  Keywords Systemic Risk; Pandemic; COVID-19, Omicron Variant; Risk Assessment; Risk Mitigation; Resilience.  
  Abstract The project Systemic Pandemic Risk Management (SPRM), funded by the Research Council of Norway, has developed methods to assess and manage pandemic systemic risks. The project consortium includes an enterprise leading the project, public partners and research institutions in Norway, Sweden, and Italy. Kristiansand municipality, a partner in the SPRM project, adopted the project methods to assess and manage systemic risks. Based on a scenario about the potential spread patterns of the COVID-19 Omicron variant developed by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, staff from Kristiansand employed the SPRM project’s approach to facilitate systemic risk assessment and management workshops. Practitioners and decision-makers from the main hospital in the Agder county and several municipalities proposed risks, their causal consequences and identified practical and impactful mitigation strategies. The strategies were implemented at the county level. The approach can improve handling of systemic risk scenarios beyond pandemics.  
  Address Kristiansand municipality, Dept. of Research and Innovation, and University of Agder, Dept. of Psychosocial Health; Kristiansand municipality, Dept. of Organization, Crisis Management and Information Security;Department of ICT, Faculty of Engineering and Science Centre for Integrated Emergency Management (CIEM), University of Agder  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 979-8-218-21749-5 Medium  
  Track Practitioner Engaged Research & Translation for the Crisis Context Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/HGIN3389 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2580  
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Author (up) Adrot, A.; Aguerre, M. pdf  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title The Impact of conflicts on Data Sharing for Disaster Risk Reduction Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 43-53  
  Keywords Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR); Cross-Border Regions; Cooperation; Data Sharing; Conflicts  
  Abstract Cross-border regions are particularly exposed to hazards and require cooperation for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). Accordingly, multiple countries have been investing in technology and jointly innovate to share and process data against disasters. However, these countries’ capacity to share data depends on the history and the context of the border itself. Going further, conflicts between countries – may they be past, present or future – can radically question and endanger collaborative efforts to share data for DRR. This collaborative research, involving a cohort of master students and an NGO, explores the influence of conflicts on data sharing and cooperation for DRR. Still in progress, this research examines how conflicts affect data sharing and how DRR actors manage them. It is based on exploratory archive analysis of three distinct cases of cross-border DRR collaboration within the EU borders, as well as experts and actors interviewing. Preliminary findings reveal that conflicts affect DRR at three levels: i) actors, ii) interactions with DRR actors, iii) relations between local DRR actors and institutions. The expected contribution of this research is theoretical, practical and pedagogical.  
  Address DRM UMR CNRS 7088 Université Paris-Dauphine PSL;French Red Cross  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 979-8-218-21749-5 Medium  
  Track Visions for Future Crisis Management Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/VNLE9301 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2505  
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Author (up) Ahmed Al-Sadi; Thelma Moses; Saed Altawabeyeh pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title iAWHINA: Towards Designing an Offline Disaster Mobile Application Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022 Abbreviated Journal Proc. ISCRAM AP 2022  
  Volume Issue Pages 103-110  
  Keywords UI Design; User Experience; Disaster Mobile Applications  
  Abstract The aim of this paper is to present the design stages of a built-for-purpose disaster response mobile application called iAwhina. The authors propose to design iAwhina as an interactive user-friendly offline mobile application that provides flawless user experience to support and aid in emergency response situations. The prototype works in both online and offline modes, using ad hoc network technology. The design process followed during the development of the user interface is based on a set of usability criteria that are presented in this paper. A systematic literature review on the usability criteria for disaster mobile applications and discussions with industry experts helped to finalize the user interface elements that will enhance the usability of the application. The relevant features that will be included in the application were drawn from literature. A discussion on how the design process plays a critical role in designing disaster mobile applications is also presented.  
  Address Whitireia Community Polytechnic & Wellington Institute of Technology; Wellington Institute of Technology; University of Auckland  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Massey Unversity Place of Publication Palmerston North, New Zealand Editor Thomas J. Huggins, V.L.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-473-66845-7 Medium  
  Track Information Systems for Emergency Management Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2484  
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Author (up) Aidan Hamilton; Cécile L’Hermitte pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Supply Chain Resilience in the New Zealand FMCG Sector: A Study of the 2021 Canterbury Flooding Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022 Abbreviated Journal Proc. ISCRAM AP 2022  
  Volume Issue Pages 204-214  
  Keywords Freight Disruptions; Supply Chain Resilience; Redundancy; Flexibility; Fast-Moving Consumer Goods  
  Abstract Disasters can severely disrupt the flow of Fast-Moving Consumer Goods (FMCGs) in New Zealand (NZ), preventing the replenishment of essential products and causing shortages on retailers’ shelves. This paper presents work-in-process research that aims to better understand how the NZ FMCG retailers build resilience into their replenishment operations to mitigate disruptions in the wake of a disaster. The two key components of supply chain resilience (redundancy and flexibility) are investigated in the context of the 2021 Canterbury flooding. A survey was used to collect data on retailers’ routine replenishment operations, the impacts of the flooding, and practices mitigating disruptions. The preliminary findings suggest that redundant inventory is used to compensate for insufficient flexibility in the NZ freight system (due to not only the lack of adequate secondary roads and alternative modes of transport, but also the centralised distribution system limiting the sources of supply). This study contributes a better understanding of the FMCG distribution and replenishment operations in NZ and highlights the need for public and private investments (e.g. redundant transport infrastructure and distribution facilities). Additional research investigating the most influential investments to improve the ability of the FMCG sector to manage post-disaster freight disruptions would benefit the literature.  
  Address University of Waikato; University of Waikato  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Massey Unversity Place of Publication Palmerston North, New Zealand Editor Thomas J. Huggins, V.L.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-473-66845-7 Medium  
  Track Information Systems for Emergency Management Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2494  
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Author (up) Alkusaibati, W.; Pilemalm, S. pdf  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Digitalized Co-production and Volunteerism in Emergency Response: a Literature Review Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 738-750  
  Keywords Digital; Co-Production; Volunteers; Emergency Response; Crisis Response  
  Abstract ICT-enabled or digitalized co-production of public services has become increasingly relevant to emergency response and crisis management. This study provides a literature review on this phenomenon, exploring both large-scale crises and frequent emergencies. We found that research in the domain is scarce and focuses mainly on the phenomenon in terms of digital volunteerism. In large-scale crises, they mostly refer to spontaneous forms of volunteering, and in smaller emergencies, to more organized volunteers that collaborate with a response organization over time. Similarities to digitalized co-production in the public sector generally include financial, administrative, ICT, and demographic factors. Differences include, e.g., aspects of coordination, support, and processing by formal actors. We argue that there are benefits of adding a theoretical co-production perspective to digital volunteerism in emergency response and that our literature review can guide future research on models and (the double) use of volunteers in both kinds of emergencies.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 979-8-218-21749-5 Medium  
  Track Volunteers in Crisis Management/Emergency Response Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/ARQO2281 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2562  
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Author (up) Anjum, U.; Zadorozhny, V.; Krishnamurthy, P. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Localization of Events Using Neural Networks in Twitter Data Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 909-919  
  Keywords Social Networking; Event Localization; Twitter; Neural Networks; GAN, BiLSTM  
  Abstract In this paper, we develop a model with neural networks to localize events using microblogging data. Localization is the task of finding the location of an event and can be done by discovering event signatures in microblogging data. We use the deep learning methodology of Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (Bi-LSTM) to learn event signatures. We propose a methodology for labeling the Twitter date for use in Bi-LSTM However, there might not be enough data available to train the Bi-LSTM and learn the event signatures. Hence, the data is augmented using generative adversarial networks (GAN). Finally, we combine event signatures at different temporal and spatial granularity to improve the accuracy of event localization. We use microblogging data collected from Twitter to evaluate our model and compare it with other baseline methods.  
  Address Tokyo Institute of Technology  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track AI for Crisis Management Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/UVZV1884 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2575  
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Author (up) Balogh, Z.; Gatial, E.; Dolatabadi, S.H.; Dlugolinský, Štefan; Saltarella, M.; Scipioni, M.P.; Grunwald, D.; Przybyszewski, M.P.; Majlingova, A.; Brodrechtova, Y.; Mojir, K.Y.; Olson, N.; Levak, J.; Chandramouli, K. pdf  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Communication Protocol for using Nontraditional Information Sources between First Responders and Citizens during Wildfires Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 152-165  
  Keywords Communication Protocol; Wildfires; Forest Fires; Drones; Mesh in the Sky; Emergency Response; First Responders  
  Abstract One of the biggest challenges faced during the wildfires is communication. A specific case represents the need to establish communication between first responders and the public. This paper presents a proposal for a generic protocol to ensure effective communication between fire fighters and many citizens at the incident site or in the surrounding area using nontraditional information sources such as a dedicated mobile app or social media. Specific challenges, concepts and technologies relevant to such communication are described specifically customized for forest fires and wildfires. The protocol itself is provided by proposing information flows between the involved actors. Moreover, several technologies including a Citizen Engagement Mobile App, an Edge Micro Data Center for forward command centers, a Mesh in the Sky communication infrastructure or a Dashboard integrating and displaying all the data in one place is shortly introduced. The presented paper is a work in progress.  
  Address Institute of Informatics, Slovak Academy of Sciences in Bratislava; Fincons SpA; ITTI Sp. z o.o.; Technical University in Zvolen; Swedish School of Library and Information Science, University of Borås; RiniGARD; Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 979-8-218-21749-5 Medium  
  Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/YIJK9098 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2514  
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Author (up) Benaben, F.; Fertier, A.; Cerabona, T.; Moradkhani, N.; Lauras, M.; Montreuil, B. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Decision Support in uncertain contexts: Physics of Decision and Virtual Reality Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 54-66  
  Keywords Data Visualization; Virtual Reality; Immersive Technology; Decision Support; Risk; Opportunities; Performance Management.  
  Abstract Virtual Reality (VR) is often used for its ability to mimic reality. However, VR can also be used for its ability to escape reality. In that case, on the one hand VR provides a visualization environment where the user’s senses are still in a familiar context (one can see if something is in front, behind, up, down, far or close), yet on the other hand, VR allows to escape the usual limits of reality by providing a way to turn abstract concepts into concrete and interactive objects. In this paper, the dynamic management of a complex industrial system (a supply chain) is enabled in a VR prototypical environment, through the management of a physical trajectory that can be deflected by the impact of any potentialities such as risks or opportunities, seen as physical objects in the performance space.  
  Address IMT Mines Albi; IMT Mines Albi; IMT Mines Albi; IMT Mines Albi; IMT Mines Albi; Georgia Institute of Technology  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Visions for Future Crisis Management Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/DENR9785 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2506  
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Author (up) Benjamin Hong; Chanthujan Chandrakumar; Danuka Ravishan; Raj Prasanna pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Peer-to-Peer Communication Method for Distributed Earthquake Early Warning Networks: Preliminary Findings Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022 Abbreviated Journal Proc. ISCRAM AP 2022  
  Volume Issue Pages 111-116  
  Keywords Earthquake Early Warning; QUIC; Peer-to-Peer; Decentralised  
  Abstract This work-in-progress paper presents preliminary findings of ongoing research into alternative peer-to-peer (P2P) communication methods for earthquake early warning (EEW) systems. It expands upon previous work (Prasanna et al., 2022) that explores a network architecture for a decentralised EEW system. This paper explores using Quick UDP Internet Connections (QUIC) over a hole-punched UDP tunnel as a potential alternative to a Software-Defined Wide Area Network (SD-WAN) for peer-to-peer networking in an experimental EEW network architecture. The performance of QUIC is tested and compared to TCP over ZeroTier, an SD-WAN chosen as a P2P communication method in the previous work, over a realistic network topology. The results show that QUIC can outperform TCP over ZeroTier. Future work is needed to produce a method suitable for actual use in an EEW system. This paper contributes to the EEW literature by introducing a new method of communication tailored for EEW.  
  Address Victoria University of Wellington; Massey University; Synopsys; Massey University  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Massey Unversity Place of Publication Palmerston North, New Zealand Editor Thomas J. Huggins, V.L.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-473-66845-7 Medium  
  Track Information Systems for Emergency Management Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2485  
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Author (up) Bennett Gayle, D.M.; Yuan, X.(J.); Dadson, Y.A.; Edwards, N.K. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Contact Tracing Mobile Applications in New York: A Qualitative Study on the Use and Privacy Perceptions Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 620-635  
  Keywords COVID-19; race and ethnicity; age; contract tracing; mobile apps  
  Abstract Contact tracing mobile applications were used in several countries as the exclusive means of reducing the spread of the COVID-19 virus. In the United States (US), such mobile applications were not nationwide; several states adopted and developed mobile applications for use by the local citizenry. Previous research indicated that the use and adoption of such applications might be correlated to individual demographics. Using the Antecedent Privacy Concerns and Outcomes (APCO), this study assesses individuals' use, adoption, and privacy considerations when using the contact tracing mobile application in New York State. Focus group participants were interviewed to determine if age or race/ethnicity were confounding factors related to their use of these mobile applications. This qualitative study will contribute to the body of knowledge by operationalizing and expanding on the APCO model to further understand the service, privacy, and perception of mobile apps used during COVID-19.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Reimagining ethical, legal, and social issues in a COVID era Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/GBZU8039 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2552  
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Author (up) Berggren, P.; Ryrberg, T.; Lindhagen, A.; Johansson, B. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Building capacity – conceptualizing Training of Trainers Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 701-710  
  Keywords Training of Trainers; Exercises; Learning; Capacity Building  
  Abstract Many organizations train and educate their staff to prepare for crisis. One approach is train-the-trainer (ToT; Training of trainers) concept. It is based on the idea that someone can be trained as a trainer, who in turn train their colleagues. The philosophy resembles a pyramid scheme that allows for a fast and efficient spread of knowledge and skills. This study focused on perceptions of the ToT concept through interviews with ToT trainers. Two learning theories, organizational learning (4I) and experiential learning theory (ELT) were used to conceptualize the ToT-concept. It was found that the ToT-concept can be used as the method to conduct ELT to achieve organizational learning and knowledge (4I). Furthermore, the study also presents how participants perceives ToT using thematic analysis. This resulted in four themes: Common understanding of ToT, Learn-by doing, No grounding in ToT, and Difficult to ensure quality.  
  Address Center for Disaster Medicine and Traumatology, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University; Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University; Center for Disaster Medicine and Traumatology, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University; Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Command and Control Studies Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/ZCNU4149 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2558  
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Author (up) Betke, H.; Bosse, M.; Sackmann, S.; Reusch, C. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Towards a Taxonomy for Classification of Coordination Systems for Spontaneous Volunteers Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 751-760  
  Keywords Spontaneous Volunteers; Unaffiliated Volunteers; Taxonomy; Coordination System; Volunteer Management  
  Abstract Spontaneous volunteers have always been a relevant factor in disaster management. Digitalization and modern technologies such as social media and mobile devices had a great impact on the quality of spontaneous volunteer engagement and their mobilization. However, their targeted integration into official disaster management measures remains often challenging. In the last decade, there were different scientific and practical approaches to develop information systems for coordination of spontaneous volunteers addressing different scopes and scenarios. In this article, we have analyzed the current state of the art and use a methodological approach to develop a taxonomy for classifying existing and emerging developments in the field. The taxonomy is intended to assist practitioners in selecting appropriate systems for their respective purposes as well as support researchers in identifying research gaps. The resulting research artifact has undergone an initial evaluation and can support maintaining a better overview in a growing subject area.  
  Address Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems/ Fraunhofer Center for the Security of Socio-Technical Systems; Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Volunteers in Crisis Management/Emergency Response Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/BVKT8553 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2563  
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Author (up) Björnqvist, A.; Brodin, W.; Friberg, M.; Berggren, P. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Identifying Teamwork Processes in a Medical Command and Control Team During the COVID-19 Pandemic Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 711-720  
  Keywords Teamwork; COVID-19; Crisis Response; Command and Control; Healthcare  
  Abstract This paper presents an ethnographic study consisting of non-participatory observations of a Swedish regional medical command and control team during their crisis response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The field-notes from the observations were analyzed using a deductive content analysis with categories representing teamwork processes. The content analysis showed that the studied regional medical command and control team was engaged in all but one of the predefined teamwork processes. Furthermore, the content analysis also added to the understanding of the regional medical command and control team’s work procedures by emphasizing how the team was engaged in the different processes. Lastly, the content analysis also made it possible to identify potential developmental needs of the studied regional medical command and control team.  
  Address Center for Disaster Medicine and Traumatology, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University; Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University; Center for Disaster Medicine and Traumatology, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University; Center for Disaster Medicine and Traumatology, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Command and Control Studies Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/NXFA1134 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2559  
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Author (up) Borglund, E., A.M.; Granholm, M. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Challenges in work procedures in distributed crisis management Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 732-737  
  Keywords Crisis Management; Distributed EOC; Tabletop Exercise; Information Technology Use  
  Abstract This is a work in progress paper on work and IT usage in distributed crisis management. The data presented in this paper has been collected at a one-day tabletop exercise with four Swedish municipalities. Four members of the four municipalities’ crisis organizations were invited to the exercise, which was designed as one scenario divided into two cases. At the start of each case of the exercise, each municipality was split into two separate rooms, to simulate a distributed crisis management. During the first case they could communicate using phone, TETRA radio, and the Internet. During case two in the scenario, there was no Internet connection. The study indicates that all the municipalities managed to organize and solve the given tasks using primarily voice communication, in case one using phone or, e.g., Teams, and in case two using TETRA radio. Information sharing using IT was non-existing.  
  Address Mid Sweden University; Mid Sweden University  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Command and Control Studies Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/OBOX5959 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2561  
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Author (up) Borglund, E., A.M.; Hansson, J. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Active shooter events, a challenge Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 1051-1058  
  Keywords Active Shooter Event; Police Tactics; Police Interventions; Lifesaving  
  Abstract An active shooter event is one of the most complicated situations a police officer could face. Today the standard procedure for an active shooter event is to enter the scene and try to prevent casualties. This involves taking great risks and puts the police officers in a situation they have not been trained for. This is a work in progress paper where the long-term goal is to develop modern technology that could increase the chance of saving lives and decrease the risk of being injured or killed during an active shooter event. Six active shooter event exercises taking place in Sweden have been studied using an ethnographic field study approach. Four themes have been identified where we argue that technology could enhance the police mission: A) Situational awareness; B) Decision making/prioritization; C) Localization of both sound and people; D) Decreasing time of intervention.  
  Address Police education Umeå University, Mid Sweden University; Police education Umeå University  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/IWSL4613 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2587  
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Author (up) Cámbara, G.; Grivolla, J.; Farrús, M.; Wanner, L. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Automatic Speech Translation for Multinational First Responder Teams Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 188-196  
  Keywords Automatic Speech Translation; First Responders; Disaster Management  
  Abstract Big disasters as increasingly observed all over the world, often require the involvement of a large number of personnel, in particular personnel acting in the field, i.e., First Responders. By far not always local teams are sufficient. As a consequence, in particular in Europe, teams from different member states are dispatched to support the local teams. However, this bears a potential of miscommunication since it cannot be taken for granted that English is mastered to a sufficient degree by everybody to serve as lingua franca. In this paper, we present work in progress carried out in the context of the INGENIOUS project on an automatic speech translation module that facilitates the interaction between First Responders speaking different languages. The module is embedded into the Telegram Messenger Application and consists of three main modules: Automatic Speech Recognition, Machine Translation, and Text-to-Speech, which are applied in sequence. We opt for a pipeline solution instead of end-to-end speech translation in order to guarantee the availability of the original speech transcriptions and their translations.  
  Address Pompeu Fabra University; University of Barcelona; Catalan Institute for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA) and NLP Group, Pompeu Fabra University  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/RPZH2519 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2517  
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Author (up) Carolyn Huston; Jennifer Davis; Petra Kuhnert; Andrew Bolt pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Creating Trusted Extensions to Existing Software Tools in Bushfire Consequence Estimation Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022 Abbreviated Journal Proc. ISCRAM AP 2022  
  Volume Issue Pages 25-34  
  Keywords Wildfires; Trustworthiness; Optimal Decisions; Affordance Analysis; Emulation  
  Abstract Bushfire modelling has advanced with wildfire simulators such as Spark and Phoenix Rapidfire that can generate plausible fire dynamics and simulations that decision-makers can easily explore. With extreme weather impacting the Australian landscapes through the onset of droughts and heatwaves, it is becoming more important to make decisions rapidly from fire simulations. An element of this decision-making process is trust, in which the decision-maker feels empowered to make decisions from models of complex systems like fire. We propose a framework for decision-making that makes use of a fire emulator, a surrogate version of Spark, to facilitate faster exploration of wildfire predictions and their uncertainties under a changing climate. We discuss the advantages and next steps of an emulator model using the mechanisms and conditions framework, a powerful vocabulary and design framework that builds in trust to allow users of a technology to understand and accept the features of a system.  
  Address CSIRO Data61; Australia National University; CSIRO Data61; CSIRO Data61  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Massey Unversity Place of Publication Palmerston North, New Zealand Editor Thomas J. Huggins, V.L.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-473-66845-7 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modelling and Simulation Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2477  
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Author (up) Carsí, J.A.; Canós, J.H.; Penadés, M.ª C.; Sánchez-Díaz, J.; Borges, M.R.S. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Towards a Generic Metamodel for Urban Resilience Assessment Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 1059-1068  
  Keywords Urban Resilience; City Resilience; Metamodel; Semantic Interoperability  
  Abstract The proliferation of natural and artificial disasters in the last decades has made urban resilience enforcement a strategic goal of city governments worldwide and a hot research topic for academics and practitioners. Consequently, several urban resilience assessment and improvement frameworks have been proposed. Some frameworks have associated operational tools, but these systems are not interoperable with other frameworks' utilities, forcing cities to use different tools for evaluating various aspects of resilience. Since data must be converted manually from one tool to another, the conversion may be error-prone and tedious. In this paper, we report the steps toward defining an urban resilience metamodel that intends to be at the core of a multi-framework urban resilience management portal. Our goal is to provide city administrators with a single operational tool able to evaluate resilience according to different frameworks, thanks to the definition of semantic interoperability mechanisms between the frameworks and the metamodel  
  Address IUMTI – Universitat Politècnica de València; IUMTI – Universitat Politècnica de València; IUMTI – Universitat Politècnica de València; IUMTI – Universitat Politècnica de València  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/UPWR1542 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2588  
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Author (up) Chalioris, C.E.; A. Papadopoulos, N.; Sapidis, G.; C. Naoum, M.; Golias, E. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title EMA-based Monitoring Method of Strengthened Beam-Column Joints Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 853-873  
  Keywords Structural Health Monitoring (SHM); Beam-Column Joint (BCJ); Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (C-FRP) Ropes; Hierarchical Clustering; Piezoelectric Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) Transducers.  
  Abstract Reinforced concrete (RC) beam-column joints (BCJ) are crucial structural components, primarily during seismic excitations, so their structural health monitoring (SHM) is essential. Additionally, BCJ of existing old RC frame structures usually exhibits brittle behavior due to insufficient transverse reinforcement. To alter the brittle behavior of BCJ, an innovative reinforcing technique has been employed, accompanied by a real-time SHM system. Carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (C-FRP) rope as near surface-mounted (NSM) reinforcement has been utilized as external reinforcement of the column and the joint panel. The use of piezoelectric lead zirconate titanate (PZT) transducers for real-time SHM of BCJ sub-assemblages was investigated. Statistical damage indices, such as RMSD and MAPD, were employed to quantify the damage. Furthermore, an innovative approach based on hierarchical clustering was introduced. The experiment results revealed that the damage level of the reference and the retrofitted specimens were successfully diagnosed with PZT transducers.  
  Address Democritus University of Thrace; Democritus University of Thrace; Democritus University of Thrace; Democritus University of Thrace; Democritus University of Thrace  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Infrastructure Health Monitoring During Crises and Disaster Expedition Conference  
  Notes http://dx.doi.org/10.59297/PEEC4879 Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2571  
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Author (up) Chanthujan Chandrakumar; Raj Prasanna; Max Stephens; Marion Lara Tan; Caroline Holden; Amal Punchihewa; Julia S. Becker; Seokho Jeong; Danuka Ravishan pdf  openurl
  Title Algorithms for Detecting P-Waves and Earthquake Magnitude Estimation: Initial Literature Review Findings Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022 Abbreviated Journal Proc. ISCRAM AP 2022  
  Volume Issue Pages 138-155  
  Keywords Earthquake Early Warning; P-Waves; Magnitude Estimation; EEW Algorithms  
  Abstract Earthquake Early Warning System (EEWS) plays a major role during an earthquake in alerting the public and authorities to take appropriate safety measures during an earthquake. Generally, EEWSs use three types of algorithms to generate alerts during an earthquake; namely: source-based, ground motion or wavefield-based and on-site-based approaches. However, source-based algorithms are commonly used in most of EEWSs worldwide. A source-based EEWS uses a particular time frame of the P-wave of an earthquake to estimate the source parameters such as magnitude and the location of that earthquake with the support of P-wave detection and earthquake magnitude and location estimation algorithms. As the initial step of a research project which aims to explore the best use of P-waves to generate earthquake alerts, this Work in Progress paper (WiPe) presents the initial partial findings from an ongoing literature review on exploring the algorithms used for P-wave detection and earthquake magnitude estimation.  
  Address Massey University; Massey University; University of Auckland; Massey University; SeismoCity; ADP Consultancy; Massey University; Changwon National University; Synopsys  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Massey Unversity Place of Publication Palmerston North, New Zealand Editor Thomas J. Huggins, V.L.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Building Disaster Resilience Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2488  
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Author (up) Chauhan, A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Humor-Based COVID-19 Twitter Accounts Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2023  
  Volume Issue Pages 417-427  
  Keywords COVID-19; Twitter; Humor; Crisis Named Resources  
  Abstract Crisis Named Resources (or CNRs) are social media pages and accounts named after a crisis event. Using the COVID-19 Pandemic as a case study, we identified and examined the role of CNRs that shared humor on Twitter. Our analyses showed that humor-based CNRs shared virus-related rumors, stigma, safety measures, opinions, sarcasm, and news updates. These resources also shared the overall anger and frustration over the year 2020. We conclude by discussing the critical role of humor based CNRs in crisis response.  
  Address Concordia University of Edmonton  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher University of Nebraska at Omaha Place of Publication Omaha, USA Editor Jaziar Radianti; Ioannis Dokas; Nicolas Lalone; Deepak Khazanchi  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Hosssein Baharmand Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 1  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Track Social Media for Crisis Management Expedition