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Yasir Imtiaz Syed, Raj Prasanna, S Uma, Kristin Stock, & Denise Blake. (2018). A Design Science based Simulation Framework for Critical Infrastructure Interdependency. In Kristin Stock, & Deborah Bunker (Eds.), Proceedings of ISCRAM Asia Pacific 2018: Innovating for Resilience – 1st International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Asia Pacific. (pp. 516–524). Albany, Auckland, New Zealand: Massey Univeristy.
Abstract: Critical Infrastructures (CI) such as electricity, water, fuel, telecommunication and road networks are a crucial factor for secure and reliable operation of a society. In a normal situation, most of the businesses operate on an individual infrastructure. However, after major natural disasters such as earthquakes, the conflicts and complex interdependencies among the different infrastructures can cause significant disturbances because a failure can propagate from one infrastructure to another. This paper discusses the development of an integrated simulation framework that models interdependencies between electricity and road infrastructure networks of Wellington region. The framework uses a damage map of electricity network components and integrates them with road access time to the damaged components for determining electricity outage time of a region. The results can be used for recovery planning, identification of vulnerabilities, and adding or discarding redundancies in an infrastructure network.