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Randal A. Collins. (2023). Adaptation: A Proposal to Replace Recovery in the Phases of Emergency Management. In V. L. Thomas J. Huggins (Ed.), Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022 (pp. 130–137). Palmerston North, New Zealand: Massey Unversity.
Abstract: Mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery are the four phases of emergency management that have arguably been unchanged since their inception nearly 43 years ago. This paper proposes to replace recovery with adaptation as the post incident phase of emergency management. Recovery focuses on a return to normal while adaptation better encompasses acknowledgement, healing, strengthening, and improving quality of life for a more resilient outcome. This paper reviews seminal work within emergency management and work pertaining to other types of adaptation to better comprehend adaptation as applied to emergency management.