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Author Alexander Staves; Harry Balderstone; Benjamin Green; Antonios Gouglidis; David Hutchison pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Framework to Support ICS Cyber Incident Response and Recovery Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 638-651  
  Keywords ICS; CNI; Cyber Incident; Guidance; Response and Recovery  
  Abstract During the past decade there has been a steady increase in cyber attacks targeting Critical National Infrastructure. In order to better protect against an ever-expanding threat landscape, governments, standards bodies, and a plethora of industry experts have produced relevant guidance for operators in response to incidents. However, in a context where safety, reliability, and availability are key, combined with the industrial nature of operational systems, advice on the right practice remains a challenge. This is further compounded by the volume of available guidance, raising questions on where operators should start, which guidance set should be followed, and how confidence in the adopted approach can be established. In this paper, an analysis of existing guidance with a focus on cyber incident response and recovery is provided. From this, a work in progress framework is posited, to better support operators in the development of response and recovery operations.  
  Address Lancaster University, UK; Lancaster University, UK; Lancaster University, UK; Lancaster University, UK; Lancaster University, UK  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-59 ISBN 2411-3445 Medium  
  Track Resilience in Critical Infrastructures Expedition Conference (up) 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes a.staves@lancaster.ac.uk Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2260  
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Author Stefan Schauer; Stefan Rass; Sandra König; Klaus Steinnocher; Thomas Schaberreiter; Gerald Quirchmayr pdf  isbn
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  Title Cross-Domain Risk Analysis to Strengthen City Resilience: the ODYSSEUS Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 652-662  
  Keywords Risk Management; Cross-Domain Networks; Interdependencies; Stochastic Model; City Resilience; Critical Infrastructures  
  Abstract In this article, we want to present the concept for a risk management approach to assess the condition of critical infrastructure networks within metropolitan areas, their interdependencies among each other and the potential cascading effects. In contrast to existing solutions, this concept aims at providing a holistic view on the variety of interconnected networks within a city and the complex dependencies among them. Therefore, stochastic models and simulations are integrated into risk management to improve the assessment of cascading effects and support decision makers in crisis situations. This holistic view will allow risk managers at the city administration as well as emergency organizations to understand the full consequences of an incident and plan mitigation actions accordingly. Additionally, the approach will help to further strengthen the resilience of the entire city as well as the individual critical infrastructures in crisis situations.  
  Address AIT Austrian Institute of Technology; Alpen-Adria Universit\"at Klagenfurt; AIT Austrian Institute of Technology;AIT Austrian Institute of Technology;University of Vienna; University of Vienna  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-60 ISBN 2411-3446 Medium  
  Track Resilience in Critical Infrastructures Expedition Conference (up) 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes stefan.schauer@ait.ac.at Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2261  
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Author Andrew Marinik; Ludwig Gantner; Scott Fritz; Sean Smith pdf  isbn
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  Title Developing Performance Metrics of an Emergency Notification System Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020  
  Volume Issue Pages 663-668  
  Keywords Emergency Notification System, Early Warning System, Socio-Technical Systems Theory.  
  Abstract The use of emergency notification systems (ENS), or early warning systems, are not only common practice among Institutes of Higher Education (IHEs), but are required by law in the United States. The dramatic increase in use is matched by the increase in community expectation. This community expectation corresponding with societal shifts challenges Public Safety leaders to implement and maintain a broad and highly reliable ENS. Most Public Safety programs lack the internal resources to consistently assess system risk, reliability, and messaging validity of their ENS sufficient to match the required system performance. Virginia Tech Emergency Management is proposing an ENS evaluation system capable of supporting assessment of reliability and risk across the entire system through the lens of Socio-Technical Systems (STS) theory at a practitioner level. By organizing emergency notification/early warning systems through Human Subsystems, Technical Subsystems, and Task Design the practitioner can assess their system by performance and risk.  
  Address Virginia Tech Emergency Management; Virginia Tech Network Infrastructure & Services; Virginia Tech Division of Operations IT; Virginia Tech Police Department  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-1-949373-27-61 ISBN 2411-3447 Medium  
  Track Resilience in Critical Infrastructures Expedition Conference (up) 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes amarinik@vt.edu Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2262  
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