|   | 
Details
   web
Records
Author Benjamin Barth; Govinda Chaithanya Kabbinahithilu; Alexandros Bartzas; Spyros Pantazis; Tomaso deCola
Title A Content Oriented Information Sharing System for Disaster Management Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 922-927
Keywords Information Sharing, Preparation, Response, Content Oriented.
Abstract In response to natural and man-made hazards multiple organisations usually are involved in a very complex situation. On the other hand, extreme weather situations due to the climate change create hazards in areas which were considered safe before. In order to improve the capabilities of involved organisations in responding and preparing for disaster events, the availability of an efficient information sharing approach is a key enabler. To this end, we propose a communication system based on a content oriented architecture tailored to disaster management. It includes a catalogue that is offering web services for publishing and subscribing of disaster information and for further collaboration amongst agencies and first responders. Moreover, the considered approach also allows for full content access control and enables a flexible system. The paper shows the current status of the system design. Next steps will include the implementation and evaluation of the approach.
Address German Aerospace Center (DLR); German Aerospace Center (DLR); Space Hellas S.A.; Space Hellas S.A.; German Aerospace Center (DLR)
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-82 ISBN 2411-3468 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Benjamin.Barth@dlr.de Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2283
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Debora Robles Perez; Manuel Esteve Domingo; Israel Perez Llopis; Federico J. Carvajal Rodrigo
Title System and Architecture of an Adapted Situation Awareness Tool for First Responders Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 928-936
Keywords Critical Infrastructure Protection; First Responder; Command and Control; Autonomous Vehicles; Resilience
Abstract First responders (FRs) in Europe are currently facing large natural and man-made disasters (e.g. wild fire, terrorist attacks, industrial incidents, big floods, gas leaks etc.), that put their own lives and those of thousands of others at risk. Adapted situation awareneSS tools and taIlored training curricula for increaSing capabiliTies and enhANcing the proteCtion of first respondErs (ASSISTANCE) is an ongoing European H2020 project which main objective is to increase FRs Situation Awareness (SA) for helping and protecting different kinds of FRs' organizations that work together in large scale disasters mitigation. ASSISTANCE will enhance the SA of the FRs organisations during their mitigation activities through the integration of new paradigms, tools and technologies (e.g. drones/robots equipped with a range of sensors, robust communications capabilities, etc.) with the main objective of increasing both their protection and their efficiency.
Address Universitat Politècnica de València; Universitat Politècnica de València; Universitat Politècnica de València; Universitat Politècnica de València
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-83 ISBN 2411-3469 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes derobpe@upvnet.upv.es Approved no
Call Number Serial 2284
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Edward J. Glantz; Frank E. Ritter; Don Gilbreath; Sarah J. Stager; Alexandra Anton; Rahul Emani
Title UAV Use in Disaster Management Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 914-921
Keywords Disaster Response, Emergency Management, Drone, Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS), Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).
Abstract Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) provide multiple opportunities to first responders and disaster managers, especially as they continue to improve in affordability as well as capabilities. This paper provides a brief review of how UAV capabilities have been used in disaster management, examples of current use within disaster management, as well as adoption considerations. Example disaster domains include fires, tornadoes, flooding, building and dam collapses, crowd monitoring, search and rescue, and post disaster monitoring of critical infrastructures. This review can increase awareness and issues when considering UAVs by those challenged with the management of crisis and disaster events.
Address The Pennsylvania State University; The Pennsylvania State University; The Pennsylvania State University; The Pennsylvania State University; The Pennsylvania State University; The Pennsylvania State University
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-81 ISBN 2411-3467 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes edward.glantz@psu.edu Approved no
Call Number Serial 2282
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Henrique Romano Correia; Ivison da Costa Rubim; Angelica F.S. Dias; Juliana B.S. França; Marcos R.S. Borges
Title Drones to the Rescue: A Support Solution for Emergency Response Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 904-913
Keywords Emergency, Information System, Collaborative Systems, Decision-making Drones.
Abstract Emergency is a threatening condition that requires urgent action, an effective response and within an emergency scenario there may be risks for responders, as well as for those affected. Response time is crucial for affected individuals and environments to be addressed on their needs. In this context, the goal of this work is to support the agents involved in the emergency response, through an application-supported collaborative solution using drones. This solution aims to collect information from the worked emergency scenario, so that, through the collaboration of specialists, there is a greater support for the decision-making made by the responsible agents within this scenario, causing it to occur in a shorter time, thus speeding up the response to the emergency. In this work, the aim was to validate with experts from the Rio de Janeiro Firefighters, who already work with drones, by evaluating the utility of the solution in real scenarios.
Address Department of Computer Science – Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Post-graduation Program in Informatics (PPGI) – Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Post-graduation Program in Informatics (PPGI) – Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Department of Computer Science – Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Post-graduation Program in Informatics (PPGI) – Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, TECNUN, University of Navarra, Donostia, San Sebastián, Spain
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-80 ISBN 2411-3466 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes henriquercorreia@gmail.com Approved no
Call Number Serial 2281
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Henry Agsten
Title Effects of Smartphone-Based Alerting on Reducing Arrival Times for Volunteer Fire Departments Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 990-994
Keywords Volunteer Fire Departments; Time Reduction; Inefficiencies; Smartphone Application
Abstract This practitioner paper describes the efforts of a volunteer fire department in Germany to reduce the time to arrive at a place of emergency. It presents the former situation, identifies reasons for delays and highlights the volunteers' first years in utilizing an existing smartphone application for alert and response as a mean to optimize their times of arrival. The paper finally evaluates the effects of the application's usage.
Address Alarm Dispatcher Systems GmbH,Dresden, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-89 ISBN 2411-3475 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes ha@alarm-dispatcher.de Approved no
Call Number Serial 2290
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Konstantinos Konstantoudakis; Georgios Albanis; Emmanouil Christakis; Nikolaos Zioulis; Anastasios Dimou; Dimitrios Zarpalas; Petros Daras
Title Single-Handed Gesture UAV Control for First Responders – A Usability and Performance User Study Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 937-951
Keywords First Responders; UAV; Gesture Recognition; User Study
Abstract Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have increased in popularity in recent years and are now involved in many activities, professional and otherwise. First responders, those teams and individuals who are the first to respond in crisis situations, have been using UAVs to assist them in locating victims and identifying hazards without endangering human personnel needlessly. However, professional UAV controllers tend to be heavy and cumbersome, requiring both hands to operate. First responders, on the other hand, often need to carry other important equipment and need to keep their hands free during a mission. This work considers enabling first responders to control UAVs with single-handed gestures, freeing their other hand and reducing their encumbrance. Two sets of gesture UAV controls are presented and implemented in a simulated environment, and a two-part user study is conducted: the first part assesses the comfort of each gesture and their intuitive association with basic flight control concepts; and the second evaluates two different modes of gesture control in a population of users including both genders, and first responders as well as members of the general populace. The results, consisting of both objective and subjective measurements, are discussed, hindrances and problems are identified, and directions of future work and research are mapped out.
Address Visual Computing Lab (VCL), Information Technologies Institute (ITI), Centre for Research and Technology – Hellas (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece; Visual Computing Lab (VCL), Information Technologies Institute (ITI), Centre for Research and Technology – Hellas (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece;Visual Computing Lab (VCL), Information Technologies Institute (ITI), Centre for Research and Technology – Hellas (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece;Visual Computing Lab (VCL), Information Technologies Institute (ITI), Centre for Research and Technology – Hellas (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece;Visual Computing Lab (VCL), Information Technologies Institute (ITI), Centre for Research and Technology – Hellas (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece;Visual Computing Lab (VCL), Information Technologies Institute (ITI), Centre for Research and Technology – Hellas (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece;Visual Computing Lab (VCL), Information Technologies Institute (ITI), Centre for Research and Technology – Hellas (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-84 ISBN 2411-3470 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes k.konstantoudakis@iti.gr Approved no
Call Number Serial 2285
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Michael Holzhüter; Ulrich Meissen
Title A Decentralized Reference Architecture for Interconnected Systems in Emergency Management Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 961-972
Keywords Civil Protection; Emergency Management; Interoperability; Interconnected Collaboration; Resilient Architecture
Abstract Optimal communication and information exchange are key elements for handling complex crises or disaster situations. With the increasing number of heterogeneous ICT systems, also raises the importance of adequate support for interconnectivity and information logistics between stakeholders to thoroughly gather information and to make quick but precise decisions. The main purpose of the information exchange is then to manage the crisis as quickly as possible, to provide full information to protect first responders' health and safety, to optimally dispatch resources, and to ensure coordination between different relief forces. Based on an end user survey with a particular focus on first responders, this paper introduces an evolutionary architecture to enable information exchange in crises situation or disasters. The aim is to provide a decentralized approach among heterogeneous ICT-systems which abstracts from the underlying communication technologies and heterogeneity of connected systems and fulfills the functional and non-functional requirements from end users.
Address Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin; Fraunhofer-Institut für Offene Kommunikationssysteme; Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin; Fraunhofer-Institut für Offene Kommunikationssysteme
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-86 ISBN 2411-3472 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes michael.holzhueter@fokus.fraunhofer.de Approved no
Call Number Serial 2287
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Ryan K. Williams; Nicole Abaid; James McClure; Nathan Lau; Larkin Heintzman; Amanda Hashimoto; Tianzi Wang; Chinmaya Patnayak; Akshay Kumar
Title Collaborative Multi-Robot Multi-Human Teams in Search and Rescue Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 973-983
Keywords Search \& Rescue; Autonomy; Lost-Person Modeling; GIS; Visualization
Abstract Robots such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) deployed for search and rescue (SAR) can explore areas where human searchers cannot easily go and gather information on scales that can transform SAR strategy. Multi-UAV teams therefore have the potential to transform SAR by augmenting the capabilities of human teams and providing information that would otherwise be inaccessible. Our research aims to develop new theory and technologies for field deploying autonomous UAVs and managing multi-UAV teams working in concert with multi-human teams for SAR. Specifically, in this paper we summarize our work in progress towards these goals, including: (1) a multi-UAV search path planner that adapts to human behavior; (2) an in-field distributed computing prototype that supports multi-UAV computation and communication; (3) behavioral modeling that yields spatially localized predictions of lost person location; and (4) an interface between human searchers and UAVs that facilitates human-UAV interaction over a wide range of autonomy.
Address Virginia Tech; Virginia Tech; Virginia Tech; Virginia Tech; Virginia Tech; Virginia Tech; Virginia Tech; Virginia Tech; Virginia Tech
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-87 ISBN 2411-3473 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes rywilli1@vt.edu Approved no
Call Number Serial 2288
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Spyros Chrysanthopoulos; Theofanis Kapetanakis; Giannis Chaidemenos; Stelios Vernardos; Harris Georgiou; Claudio Rossi
Title Emergency Response in Recent Urban/Suburban Disaster Events in Attica: Technology Gaps, Limitations and Lessons Learned Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 984-989
Keywords First Responders, Search and Rescue, Flash Flood, Urban Wildfire, Urban Operations.
Abstract Emergency response operations in large-scale urban/suburban disaster events is often addressed by the standard protocols and international guidelines for collapsed buildings, heavy debris, etc. However, a wide range of First Responder (FR) operations need to address various other contexts, work environments and hazards. In this paper, two real disaster events are explored as use cases for such urban/suburban FR operations, namely a flash flood and a wildfire, both in Attica, Greece (2017-2018). Based on our team's experience from these mobilizations and active participation in both these events as FR actor in the field, we present the challenges, the complexity of such multi-aspect disaster events, the limitations of emergency response, the technology gaps of the FR teams, as well as the lessons learned during these deployments. Finally, we make some notes on future prospects and possible advancements in tools and technologies that would greatly enhance the operational safety and readiness of the FR teams in such events.
Address Hellenic Rescue Team of Attica (HRTA); Hellenic Rescue Team of Attica (HRTA); Hellenic Rescue Team of Attica (HRTA); Hellenic Rescue Team of Attica (HRTA); Hellenic Rescue Team of Attica (HRTA); LINKS Foundation
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-88 ISBN 2411-3474 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes harris@xgeorgio.info Approved no
Call Number Serial 2289
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Tobias Andersson Granberg; Carl-Oscar Jonson; Erik Prytz; Krisjanis Steins; Martin Waldemarsson
Title Sensor Requirements for Logistics Analysis of Emergency Incident Sites Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 952-960
Keywords Sensors; Emergency Response Planning; Tracking; Team Interaction
Abstract Using sensors to collect data at emergency incident sites can facilitate analysis of the logistic operations. This can be used to improve planning and preparedness for new operations. Furthermore, real-time information from the sensors can serve as operational decision support. In this work in progress, we investigate the requirements on the sensors, and on the sensor data, to facilitate such an analysis. Through observations of exercises, the potential of using sensors for data collection is explored, and the requirements are considered. The results show that the potential benefits are significant, especially for tracking patients, and understanding the interaction between the response actors. However, the sensors need to be quite advanced in order to capture the necessary data.
Address Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology; Linköping University, Center for Disaster Medicine and Traumatology, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences; Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science; Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology; Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-85 ISBN 2411-3471 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes tobias.andersson.granberg@liu.se Approved no
Call Number Serial 2286
Share this record to Facebook