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Author (down) Terje Gjøsæter; Jaziar Radianti; Weiqin Chen
Title Towards Situational Disability-aware Universally Designed Information Support Systems for Enhanced Situational Awareness Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2021
Volume Issue Pages 1038-1047
Keywords Situational Awareness; Situational Disabilities; Universal Design; Decision Making; Process Model
Abstract This paper takes on the challenge of designing situational awareness information systems that take into account not only the prevalence of so-called demons of situational awareness, but also situational disabilities that will typically occur in a disaster situation, both in the control room and in the field among the general public as well as first responders. It further outlines how a situational awareness information system process model can be adapted and used as a basis for designing situational awareness information support systems that address these issues with the help of Universal Design principles.
Address Oslo Metropolitan University; University of Agder; Oslo Metropolitan University
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-94 ISBN 2411-3480 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes tergjo@oslomet.no Approved no
Call Number Serial 2295
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Author (down) Pouyan Fotouhi Tehrani; Niklas von Kalckreuth; Selma Lamprecht
Title Toward an Integrative Model of Trust for Digital Emergency Communication Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 1012-1021
Keywords Trust; Emergency Management; Digital Communication; Modeling
Abstract Digital technologies have become an integral enabler of communication during various phases of emergency management (EM). A crucial prerequisite of effective communication between authorities and the public during EM is the establishment of adequate mutual trust. Trust, however, is an elusive concept which is not easily translatable into technical settings. In this paper we propose an integrative model of trust in digital communication and show how such model can be advantageous in assessing and improving trust relations in context of EM. Our interdisciplinary model, which is based on findings from psychology, sociology and computer sciences provides an abstraction which not only seizes both subjective and objective as well as personal and non-personal, \eg institutional or cultural, aspects of trust but at the same time is concrete enough to be applicable to real-life scenarios.
Address Weizenbaum Institute, Fraunhofer FOKUS; Weizenbaum Institute, Humboldt University Berlin; Weizenbaum Institute, Fraunhofer FOKUS
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-91 ISBN 2411-3477 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes pouyan.fotouhi.tehrani@fokus.fraunhofer.de Approved no
Call Number Serial 2292
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Author (down) Lucia Castro Herrera; Terje Gjøsæter
Title Community Segmentation and Inclusive Social Media Listening Type Conference Article
Year 2022 Publication ISCRAM 2022 Conference Proceedings – 19th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2022
Volume Issue Pages 1012-1023
Keywords Inclusive Social Media Listening; Universal Design; Community Segmentation; Improvisation Strategies; Social Media Alignment
Abstract Social media analytics provide a generalized picture of situational awareness from the conversations happening among communities present in social media channels that are that are, or risk being affected by crises. The generalized nature of results from these analytics leaves underrepresented communities in the background. When considering social media analytics, concerns, sentiment, and needs are perceived as homogenous. However, offline, the community is diverse, often segmented by age group, occupation, or language, to name a few. Through our analysis of interviews from professionals using social media as a source of information in public service organizations, we argue that practitioners might not be perceiving this segmentation from the social media conversation. In addition, practitioners who are aware of this limitation, agree that there is room for improvement and resort to alternative mechanisms to understand, reach, and provide services to these communities in need. Thus, we analyze current perceptions and activities around segmentation and provide suggestions that could inform the design of social media analytics tools that support inclusive public services for all, including persons with disabilities and from other disadvantaged groups.
Address University of Agder
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Tarbes, France Editor Rob Grace; Hossein Baharmand
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-82-8427-099-9 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2467
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Author (down) Laura Petersen; Grigore M. Havarneanu; Natasha McCrone; Garik Markarian; George Kolev
Title Universal Design & the PROACTIVE project CBRNe app Type Conference Article
Year 2021 Publication ISCRAM 2021 Conference Proceedings – 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2021
Volume Issue Pages 959-966
Keywords Smartphone Disaster App, CBRNe, vulnerable groups, cocreation, universal design
Abstract A wide range of disaster apps are currently available on various app stores, however few existing disaster apps address the issue of CBRNe (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive) threats. The unique ways in which citizens prepare for and respond to CBRNe incidents merit that such an app exist. But citizens are not a homogenous group, and therefore the concept of universal design will be implemented when filling this gap. The EU H2020 PROACTIVE project will address this by co-creating together with citizens, including vulnerable groups, a disaster app able to be used during CBRNe incidents. This article lays out the methodology X will employ in order to create and validate the disaster app and states some core requirements already co-developed
Address Worldwide Railways Organisation (UIC); International Union of Railways; Rinisoft; Rinisoft; Rinisoft
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Anouck Adrot; Rob Grace; Kathleen Moore; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-61-5 ISBN Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes petersen@uic.org Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2388
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Author (down) Laura Petersen; Grigore M. Havarneanu; Natasha McCrone; Garegin Markarian; Åsa Burlin; Per-Erik Johansson
Title CBRNe, a Universally Designed App for That? Type Conference Article
Year 2022 Publication ISCRAM 2022 Conference Proceedings – 19th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2022
Volume Issue Pages 836-846
Keywords CBRNe; Universal Design; disaster apps; co-creation; user interface
Abstract While a wide range of disaster apps are currently available, few address the topic of CBRNe (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and explosive) risks and threats. The proven value of disaster apps in emergency management and the unique ways in which citizens prepare for and respond to CBRNe incidents merit that such an app exist. However, disaster apps also have their limitations, namely uptake and accessibility. The PROACTIVE project is filling these gaps by co-creating together with vulnerable groups an accessible CBRNe disaster app. This article examines the results from four workshops held with the potential end-users recruited from vulnerable groups. Following the MoSCoW methodology, requirements were established and their relevance to the Universal Design principles discussed. For instance, it was found that the app Must have a less chaotic interface which would help meet the principle of simple and intuitive use. Lastly, the app redesign is showcased.
Address International Union of Railways (UIC); International Union of Railways (UIC) havarneanu@uic.org; RiniSoft; The European CBRNE Center
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Tarbes, France Editor Rob Grace; Hossein Baharmand
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-82-8427-099-9 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2459
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Author (down) Katelynn Kapalo; Kevin Pfeil; Joseph Bonnell; Joseph LaViola
Title Evaluating the Impact of 2D vs. 3D Building Plans for Fireground Incident Command Decision-Making Type Conference Article
Year 2022 Publication ISCRAM 2022 Conference Proceedings – 19th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2022
Volume Issue Pages 824-835
Keywords Emergency response; firefighting; building construction; virtual reality; human-computer interaction; pre-incident planning
Abstract Building construction and building layout represent two key critical pieces of information for a fire suppression operation. However, fireground incident commanders (FGCs) frequently do not have access to critical, updated information about a structure, including details that could potentially support more effective response. This gap in the information pipeline has led to significant injuries and fatalities for both civilians and first responders. Towards this end, this paper focuses on evaluating the efficacy of a user interface prototype for supporting decision-making during a simulated commercial structure fire. Sixty-four firefighters (n = 64) from North America participated in this study. Overall, there were no statistical differences in the performance of the firefighters between the two experimental conditions (2D vs. 3D). This study provides preliminary support for the use of 3D models in pre-incident planning practices. More importantly, this initial data serves as a baseline for the development of evidence-based standards for displaying pre-incident planning information to FGCs digitally.
Address University of Nebraska at Omaha; University of Central Florida; Phoenix Fire Department; University of Central Florida
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Tarbes, France Editor Rob Grace; Hossein Baharmand
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-82-8427-099-9 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2458
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Author (down) Jonas Höchst; Lars Baumgartner; Franz Kuntke; Alvar Penning; Artur Sterz; Bernd Freisleben
Title LoRa-based Device-to-Device Smartphone Communication for Crisis Scenarios Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 996-1011
Keywords LoRa, Disaster Communication, Device-To-Device Communication.
Abstract In this paper, we present an approach to facilitate long-range device-to-device communication via smartphones in crisis scenarios. Through a custom firmware for low-cost LoRa capable micro-controller boards, called rf95modem, common devices for end users can be enabled to use LoRa through a Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, or serial connection. We present two applications utilizing the flexibility provided by the proposed firmware. First, we introduce a novel device-to-device LoRa chat application that works a) on the two major mobile platforms Android and iOS and b) on traditional computers like notebooks using a console-based interface. Second, we demonstrate how other infrastructure-less technology can benefit from our approach by integrating it into the DTN7 delay-tolerant networking software. The firmware, the device-to-device chat application, the integration into DTN7, as well as the experimental evaluation code fragments are available under permissive open-source licenses.
Address University of Marbur, Germany Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany; Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany; Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany; University of Marburg, Germany; University of Marburg, Germany Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany; University of Marburg, Germany Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-90 ISBN 2411-3476 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes hoechst@informatik.uni-marburg.de Approved no
Call Number Serial 2291
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Author (down) Johnny Douvinet
Title Evaluating the Public’s Reaction to Simulated Alerts on Mobile Phones in France: Scale Effects, and Challenges Type Conference Article
Year 2022 Publication ISCRAM 2022 Conference Proceedings – 19th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2022
Volume Issue Pages 847-862
Keywords Alerting message; Design; Perception; Feedbacks; France
Abstract In case of sudden and extreme life-threatening situation, the most efficient system fulfils the requirement of mobile phone emergency alerting information services. But how much information and what type of content must be used in a textual message, and how adapt this alert to a large audience and diversified contexts? This paper proposes to address this challenge, 1) by presenting results obtained in France during simulated “alerting days”, with sampling revealing the perception and understanding of SMS and CB by a non-specialized audience (161 respondents), and 2) by comparing findings obtained in different contexts (students and teaching staff in a university, crisis managers and stakeholders in an industrial context, citizens working near high-risky areas). Even if reactions to an alert are individual, similar patterns emerge, suggesting that standardized and non-random needs exist.
Address Avignon University, UMR ESPACE 7300 CNRS, Institut Universitaire de France; Grenoble-Alpes University, UMR LIG-LAG 5127 CNRS; Franche-Comté University UMR 6049 ThéMA CNRS; Côte d’Azur University, UMR ESPACE 7300 CNRS; Nîmes University, EA PROJEKT 7447; Nî
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Tarbes, France Editor Rob Grace; Hossein Baharmand
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-82-8427-099-9 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2460
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Author (down) John Sören Pettersson
Title Key Concepts for Effective Use of Digital-supported Table-top Crisis Management Exercises Type Conference Article
Year 2022 Publication ISCRAM 2022 Conference Proceedings – 19th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2022
Volume Issue Pages 864-875
Keywords Crisis Management Teams training; table-top exercises; exercise design; learning management systems
Abstract Several researchers and contingency agencies have suggested good practices for crisis management exercises. Resource-constrained practitioners in the field report difficulties finding cost-efficient ways to maintain exercise cycles. This paper draws on experiences from working with professional crisis response coordinators who adapted material for table-top exercises to learning management systems, executed the exercises and evaluated team performance. This paper discusses the elimination of bottlenecks and unexpected benefits arising from more flexible exercise designs in terms of synchrony, continuity, and location. While these concepts capture the essence of the various opportunities for flexibility, they need some supporting features in the design of digital exercises. This paper argues for putting emphasis on the writing/speech dichotomy when analysing exercise designs from the perspective of the entire exercise life cycle, including evaluations and preparations for further exercises. Additionally, how requests for individual answers are planned appears to be an effective instrument for efficient exercise design and evaluation during the conducting of an exercise.
Address Karlstad University, Sweden
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Tarbes, France Editor Rob Grace; Hossein Baharmand
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-82-8427-099-9 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2461
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Author (down) Jelle Groenendaal; Ira Helsloot
Title Why Technology Not Always Adds Value to Crisis Managers During Crisis: The Case of The Dutch Nation-Wide Crisis Management System LCMS Type Conference Article
Year 2021 Publication ISCRAM 2021 Conference Proceedings – 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2021
Volume Issue Pages 936-945
Keywords Crisis, NDM, Technology, LCMS
Abstract Technology undeniably plays an important role in supporting crisis managers to respond to crisis. However, when improperly designed or used, technology can be ineffective or even be detrimental to the crisis response. Therefore, in this paper we bring together insights from the scientific literature and identify 5 principles for the design and use of technology to aid crisis managers effectively. These principles might seem trivial but there are several examples of technology used in practice that show the opposite. To illustrate this, we use as a case study the Dutch nation-wide crisis management system LCMS which is used in the Netherlands by all safety regions and other public organizations to maintain and share a common operational picture supporting large-scale crisis management collaboration. We explain why crisis evaluations and research time and again show that LCMS has failed to add value for crisis managers during crisis by using the identified principles.
Address Hague University of Applied Sciences; Radboud University Nijmegen
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Anouck Adrot; Rob Grace; Kathleen Moore; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-61-5 ISBN Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes j.groenendaal@hhs.nl Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2386
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Author (down) Jaziar Radianti; Terje Gjøsæter; Weiqin Chen
Title Slaying the SA Demons – Humans vs. Technology – A Content Analysis Type Conference Article
Year 2021 Publication ISCRAM 2021 Conference Proceedings – 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2021
Volume Issue Pages 946-958
Keywords situation awareness, SA Demons, crisis management, human error, universal design, content analysis
Abstract In this paper, we examine Situation Awareness (SA) and the application of Endsley's Demons of SA in different contexts and research areas and perform content analysis to examine how they are used, and to what degree they are perceived as stemming from human error or weaknesses in technology and if any suggestions for mitigation are primarily focused on the human or the technology side. Based on our findings, we propose universal design as a tool that can counter the effects of the demons of SA by improving the usability and accessibility of SA-supporting technology and thereby removing barriers to SA, rather than challenging the users to overcome not only barriers that are a result of the complexity of the situation itself, but also additional barriers that are caused by inferior and suboptimal design of the technology in use.
Address University of Agder; University of Agder; Oslo Metropolitan University
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Anouck Adrot; Rob Grace; Kathleen Moore; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-61-5 ISBN Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes jaziar.radianti@uia.no Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2387
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Author (down) Harrison Cole
Title Accessible Mitigation Planning: Tactile Hazard Map Design and Evaluation Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 1031-1037
Keywords Cartography; Accessibility; Disability; Tactile; Mitigation Planning
Abstract While creating a community hazard mitigation plan (HMP) has become recognized as a key component of successful disaster management, significant portions of the process are often inaccessible to people with vision disabilities. Maps in particular are often large, visually dense documents that are printed on two-dimensional paper, or distributed via PDF with no alternate text. For people with profound low vision or who are blind, alternative media is required. The research discussed here proposes that tactile maps may present an accessible and cost-effective medium for representing geospatial data relevant to the hazard mitigation planning process. Using flood insurance rate maps (FIRMs) distributed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as a starting point, this paper proposes an evaluatory framework for transcribing conventional maps into tactile documents, as well as characterizing users' experiences using them for mitigation planning, directions for future research and generalizing the process for applications in other domains.
Address The Pennsylvania State University
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-93 ISBN 2411-3479 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes harrisoncole@psu.edu Approved no
Call Number Serial 2294
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Author (down) Abhish Khanal; Deepak Chand; Prakash Chaudhary; Subash Timilsina; Sanjeeb Prasad Panday; Aman Shakya; Rom Kant Pandey
Title Search Disaster Victims using Sound Source Localization Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 1022-1030
Keywords Sound Source Localization (SSL); Omni-Directional Drive; Disaster Victim; Generalized Cross Correlation Phase Transform (GCC-PHAT)
Abstract Sound Source Localization (SSL) are used to estimate the position of sound sources. Various methods have been used for detecting sound and its localization. This paper presents a system for stationary sound source localization by cubical microphone array consisting of eight microphones placed on four vertical adjacent faces which is mounted on three wheel omni-directional drive for the inspection and monitoring of the disaster victims in disaster areas. The proposed method localizes sound source on a 3D space by grid search method using Generalized Cross Correlation Phase Transform (GCC-PHAT) which is robust when operating in real life scenario where there is lack of visibility. The computed azimuth and elevation angle of victimized human voice are fed to embedded omni-directional drive system which navigates the vehicle automatically towards the stationary sound source.
Address Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus; Sanothimi Campus, Tribhuvan University
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-92 ISBN 2411-3478 Medium
Track Usability and Universal Design of ICT for Emergency Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes 072bex402@ioe.edu.np Approved no
Call Number Serial 2293
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