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Author (up) Amro Al-Akkad; Christian Raffelsberger; Alexander Boden; Leonardo Ramirez; Zimmermann, A.
Title Tweeting 'when online is off'? Opportunistically creating mobile ad-hoc networks in response to disrupted infrastructure Type Conference Article
Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014
Volume Issue Pages 662-671
Keywords Information systems; Peer to peer networks; Smartphones; Telecommunication networks; Disruptions; Infrastructure; Isolated islands; Mobile adhoc network (MANETs); Network infrastructure; Opportunistic communications; Peer-to-peer fashion; Two ways; Mobile ad hoc networks
Abstract In this paper, we present a system that enables people to post and receive tweets despite disruptions of existing network infrastructure. Our system opportunistically deploys mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) based on Wi-Fi in which people can communicate with each other in a peer-to-peer fashion. A MANET per se constitutes an isolated island, but as people carry devices around that can join other MANETs, eventually people can transport previously collected data to the online world. Compared to other systems that aim to enable communication in crisis, our system differs in two ways: it does not rely on existing network infrastructure, and it exploits established protocols and standards allowing it to run on off-the-shelf, commercially available smartphones. We evaluated our prototype with a group of students and practitioners. Overall, we received positive feedback on the potential of our technology, but also were pointed to limitations requiring future work.
Address Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology (FIT), Sankt Augustin, Germany; Institute of Information Technology, Lakeside Labs, Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt, Austria; Fraunhofer Headquarters, Berlin, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium
Track Social Media in Crisis Response and Management Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 262
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