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Author Alexei Sharpanskykh
Title An agent-based approach for safety analysis of safety-critical organizations Type Conference Article
Year 2012 Publication (up) ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Dynamics; Information systems; Multi agent systems; Societies and institutions; Agent-based approach; Air navigation service providers; Complex dynamics; Emergence; Organization model; Organizational dynamics; Safety analysis; Traditional approaches; Safety engineering
Abstract Modern safety-critical organizations are characterized by complex, nonlinear dynamics involving many interrelated actors and processes. Safety issues that emerge from these complex dynamics increasingly remain hidden, until an incident or even a serious accident occurs. Traditional safety analysis methods developed long ago for much simpler organizations cannot help identifying, explaining and predicting many safety-related properties of modern organizations. To address this issue, in the paper a formal approach is proposed to establish relations between local dynamics of actors of a complex safety-critical organization and global safetyrelated properties that emerge from these dynamics. In contrast to the traditional approaches, the organizational dynamics are specified by taking the agent perspective with an organizational layer. The application of the approach is illustrated by a simulation case study, in which spread of safety-critical information in an air navigation service provider is investigated. © 2012 ISCRAM.
Address VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium
Track Analytical Modelling and Simulation Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 205
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Author David Passenier; Colin Mols; Jan Bím; Alexei Sharpanskykh
Title Understanding crises: Investigating organizational safety culture by combining organizational ethnography and agent modeling Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication (up) ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 566-570
Keywords Information systems; Maintenance; Multi agent systems; Aircraft maintenance; Complexity science; Organizational ethnography; Organizational process; Organizational safety culture; Preliminary analysis; Research methodologies; Safety culture; Computer simulation
Abstract This paper presents a novel, advanced research approach to investigate organizational safety culture as a complex phenomenon, combining agent modeling and organizational ethnography. Safety culture is an emergent property of organizations that largely influences the resilience of organizational responses in crisis situations. However, theory describing the precise ways in which safety culture influences resilience is lacking. Thus the first step is to understand how safety culture gradually emerges from interactions between formal and informal organizational processes. The paper explains the proposed research methodology illustrated by a case of an aircraft maintenance organization. A preliminary analysis is performed from which a conceptual model is derived, and the subsequent simulation and automated analytical techniques that will be used to validate the model and gain new insights are explained.
Address VU Amsterdam, Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Innovations in Research Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 831
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Author Hans Abbink; Roel Van Dijk; Tamas Dobos; Mark Hoogendoorn; Catholijn M. Jonker; Savas Konur; Peter-Paul Van Maanen; Viara Popova; Alexei Sharpanskykh; Peet Van Tooren; Jan Treur; Jeroen M. Valk; Lai Xu; Pinar Yolum
Title Automated support for adaptive incident management Type Conference Article
Year 2004 Publication (up) Proceedings of ISCRAM 2004 – 1st International Workshop on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2004
Volume Issue Pages 69-74
Keywords Cybernetics; Information systems; Adaptive; Automated support; Dynamic property; Formal analysis; Incident Management; Intermediate results; Multi-agent; Automation
Abstract The project CIM, started in 2003, addresses the problem of automated support for incident management. In this paper some intermediate results are shown, especially on automated support of analysis of errors in traces of incident management. For such traces it can be checked automatically which dynamic properties hold or fail. The potential of the approach is shown in the formal analysis of a given empirical trace. The approach can also be applied in conjunction with simulation experiments. © Proceedings ISCRAM 2004.
Address Almende, Westerstraat 50, 3016 DJ Rotterdam, Netherlands; Department of Artificial Intelligence, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1081a, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971080 Medium
Track POSTER SESSION Expedition Conference 1st International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 65
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Author Mark Hoogendoorn; Catholijn M. Jonker; Viara Popova; Alexei Sharpanskykh; Lai Xu
Title Formal modelling and comparing of disaster plans Type Conference Article
Year 2005 Publication (up) Proceedings of ISCRAM 2005 – 2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2005
Volume Issue Pages 97-100
Keywords Disasters; Information systems; Comparison; Disaster plan; Formal analysis; Formal modelling; Incident Management; Netherlands; Disaster prevention
Abstract Every municipality in The Netherlands has its own disaster plan. A disaster plan contains the blueprint of how to handle incidents in the municipality with the aim of preventing incidents to grow into disasters. Given that each municipality has its own organisations, enterprises, infrastructure, and general layout, the disaster plans also differ. On the other hand, the disaster plans have a lot in common. Some municipalities use a common starting point, others develop their own disaster plan from scratch. In this paper two independently developed disaster plan are compared using formal modelling techniques. The analysis reveals that some interesting differences do not stem from a difference in the makings of the municipality. These differences touch the fundamentals of the communication during incident management, and might well have a critical impact in dealing with pending disasters.
Address Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Artificial Intelligence, De Boelelaan 1081a, 1081HV, Netherlands; Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HR Nijmegen, Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971099 Medium
Track RESEARCH METHODS Expedition Conference 2nd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 591
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