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Author (up) Carlo Alberto Bono; Barbara Pernici; Jose Luis Fernandez-Marquez; Amudha Ravi Shankar; Mehmet Oguz Mülâyim; Edoardo Nemni pdf  isbn
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  Title TriggerCit: Early Flood Alerting using Twitter and Geolocation – A Comparison with Alternative Sources Type Conference Article
  Year 2022 Publication ISCRAM 2022 Conference Proceedings 19th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2022  
  Volume Issue Pages 674-686  
  Keywords Social Media; Disaster management; Early Alerting  
  Abstract Rapid impact assessment in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster is essential to provide adequate information to international organisations, local authorities, and first responders. Social media can support emergency response with evidence-based content posted by citizens and organisations during ongoing events. In the paper, we propose TriggerCit: an early flood alerting tool with a multilanguage approach focused on timeliness and geolocation. The paper focuses on assessing the reliability of the approach as a triggering system, comparing it with alternative sources for alerts, and evaluating the quality and amount of complementary information gathered. Geolocated visual evidence extracted from Twitter by TriggerCit was analysed in two case studies on floods in Thailand and Nepal in 2021. The system respectively returned a large scale and a local scale alert, both in a timely manner and accompanied by a valid geographical description, while providing information complementary to existing disaster alert mechanisms.  
  Address Politecnico di Milano- DEIB;Politecnico di Milano- DEIB;University of Geneva;University of Geneva;Artificial Intelligence Research Institute (IIIA-CSIC); United Nations Satellite Centre (UNOSAT), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Tarbes, France Editor Rob Grace; Hossein Baharmand  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-82-8427-099-9 Medium  
  Track Social Media for Crisis Management Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2447  
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Author (up) Sara Barozzi; Jose Luis Fernandez Marquez; Amudha Ravi Shankar; Barbara Pernici pdf  isbn
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  Title Filtering images extracted from social media in the response phase of emergency events Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords rapid mapping, floods, information extraction, filtering, crowdsourcing  
  Abstract The use of social media to support emergency operators in the first hours of the response phases can improve the

quality of the information available and awareness on ongoing emergency events. Social media contain both textual

and visual information, in the form of pictures and videos. The problem related to the use of social media posts

as a source of information during emergencies lies in the difficulty of selecting the relevant information among

a very large amount of irrelevant information. In particular, we focus on the extraction of images relevant to an

event for rapid mapping purpose. In this paper, a set of possible filters is proposed and analyzed with the goal of

selecting useful images from posts and of evaluating how precision and recall are impacted. Filtering techniques,

which include both automated and crowdsourced steps, have the goal of providing better quality posts and easy

manageable data volumes both to emergency responders and rapid mapping operators. The impact of the filters on

precision and recall in extracting relevant images is discussed in the paper in two different case studies.
 
  Address Politecnico di Milano;University of Geneva  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium  
  Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1881  
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