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Author (up) Anastasia Moumtzidou; Marios Bakratsas; Stelios Andreadis; Anastasios Karakostas; Ilias Gialampoukidis; Stefanos Vrochidis; Ioannis Kompatsiaris
Title Flood detection with Sentinel-2 satellite images in crisis management systems Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 1049-1059
Keywords Floods, Change Detection, Bi-temporal Analysis, Sentinel-2, Deep Neural Networks.
Abstract The increasing amount of falling rain may cause several problems especially in urban areas, which drainage system can often not handle this large amount in a short time. Confirming a flooded scene in a timely manner can help the authorities to take further actions to counter the crisis event or to get prepared for future relevant incidents. This paper studies the detection of flood events comparing two successive in time Sentinel-2 images, a method that can be extended for detecting floods in a time-series. For the flood detection, fine-tuned pre-trained Deep Convolutional Neural Networks are used, testing as input different sets of three water sensitive satellite bands. The proposed approach is evaluated against different change detection baseline methods, based on remote sensing. Experiments showed that the proposed method with the augmentation technique applied, improved significantly the performance of the neural network, resulting to an F-Score of 62% compared to 22% of the traditional remote sensing techniques. The proposed method supports the crisis management authority to better estimate and evaluate the flood impact.
Address Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, Information Technologies Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece; Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, Information Technologies Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece; Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, Information Technologies Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, Information Technologies Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece; Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, Information Technologies Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece; Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, Information Technologies Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece; Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, Information Technologies Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-95 ISBN 2411-3481 Medium
Track Using Artificial Intelligence to exploit Satellite Data in Risk and Crisis Management Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes moumtzid@iti.gr Approved no
Call Number Serial 2296
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Author (up) Thomas Papadimos; Nick Pantelidis; Stelios Andreadis; Aristeidis Bozas; Ilias Gialampoukidis; Stefanos Vrochidis; Ioannis Kompatsiaris
Title Real-time Alert Framework for Fire Incidents Using Multimodal Event Detection on Social Media Streams Type Conference Article
Year 2022 Publication ISCRAM 2022 Conference Proceedings 19th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2022
Volume Issue Pages 623-635
Keywords Alert framework; social media; event detection; kernel density estimation; community detection
Abstract The frequency of wildfires is growing day by day due to vastly climate changes. Forest fires can have a severe impact on human lives and the environment, which can be minimised if the population has early and accurate warning mechanisms. To date, social media are able to contribute to early warning with the additional, crowd-sourced information they can provide to the emergency response workers during a crisis event. Nevertheless, the detection of real-world fire incidents using social media data, while filtering out the unavoidable noise, remains a challenging task. In this paper, we present an alert framework for the real-time detection of fire events and we propose a novel multimodal event detection model, which fuses both probabilistic and graph methodologies and is evaluated on the largest fires in Spain during 2019.
Address Centre for Research & Technology Hellas Information Technologies Institute Thessaloniki, Greece;Centre for Research & Technology Hellas Information Technologies Institute Thessaloniki, Greece;Centre for Research & Technology Hellas Information Technologie
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Tarbes, France Editor Rob Grace; Hossein Baharmand
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-82-8427-099-9 Medium
Track Social Media for Crisis Management Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2443
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