|   | 
Details
   web
Records
Author (up) Jiri Trnka; Johan Jenvald
Title A real-time role-playing exercise as a methodology to support command and control research Type Conference Article
Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 – 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2006
Volume Issue Pages 559-568
Keywords Risk management; After action review; Collaboration; Command and control; Complexity; Emergency response; Role-playing exercise; Information systems
Abstract In this paper, methodological issues in research and training of complex command and control structures in emergency management are addressed. In particular, a methodological approach combining real-time role-playing exercise, after action review and observations is presented. An explorative study-ALFA-05-utilizing this approach is described. A brief overview of methodological aspects of preparation and execution is given. Further, experience gained and methodological lessons learned are also discussed. Finally, real-time role-playing exercise in combination with other methods is suggested as a feasible method for researchers and exercise managers to tackle present and future command and control in complex settings, where interaction and communication are in focus. In addition, areas for further development of the real-time role-playing exercises as a research method are suggested.
Address Dept Computer and Information Science, Linköping University, SE-581 83, Linköping, Sweden; VSL Research Labs, P.O.Box 15012, SE-580 12, Linköping, Sweden
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Newark, NJ Editor B. Van de Walle, M. Turoff
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9090206019; 9789090206011 Medium
Track Emergency Response Reachback: Cases, Concepts, Processes, and Tools Expedition Conference 3rd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 1020
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Johan Jenvald; Michael Morin; Toomas Timpka; Henrik Eriksson
Title Simulation as decision support in pandemic influenza preparedness and response Type Conference Article
Year 2007 Publication Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2007 Academic Proceedings Papers Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2007
Volume Issue Pages 295-304
Keywords Decision making; International cooperation; Models; Population statistics; Decision supports; Local community; Pandemic influenza; Preparedness; Response; Simulation; Workflow; Decision support systems
Abstract Outbreak of a destructive pandemic influenza threatens to disrupt societies worldwide. International agencies and national governments have prepared plans and recommendations, but it is often decision-makers with the local authorities that are responsible for implementing the response. A central issue for these decision makers is what interventions are available and effective for the specific local community. The paper presents a simulator architecture and its relation to a workflow for decision support in influenza preparedness and response. The simulator can simulate pandemic scenarios, using localized community models, in the presence of various interventions to support an evaluation of potential response strategies. The architecture includes a customized modeling tool, separated from the simulation engine, which facilitates swift scenario modification and recalculation. This flexibility is essential both to explore alternative solutions in planning, and to adapt to changing requirements, information, and resources in outbreak response. An example simulation, based on actual population data from a reference city, illustrates the approach.
Address VSL Research Labs, Linköping, Sweden; Dept. of Social Medicine and Public Health, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Dept. of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Delft Editor B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt, K. Nieuwenhuis
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789054874171; 9789090218717 Medium
Track ASCM Expedition Conference 4th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 628
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Ola Leifler; Johan Jenvald
Title Critique and visualization as decision support for mass-casualty emergency management Type Conference Article
Year 2005 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2005 – 2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2005
Volume Issue Pages 155-159
Keywords Civil defense; Decision support systems; Disasters; Expert systems; Information systems; Visualization; Critical constraints; Critique; Decision supports; Domain knowledge; Emergency management; Emergency situation; Planning problem; Visual cues; Risk management
Abstract Emergency management in highly dynamic situations consists of exploring options to solve a planning problem. This task can be supported through the use of visual cues that are based on domain knowledge of the current domain. We present an approach to use visualization of critical constraints in timelines and hierarchical views as decision support in mass-casualty emergency situations.
Address Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköpings Universitet, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden; VSL Research Labs, P.O. Box 15012, SE-580 15 Linköping, Sweden
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971099 Medium
Track DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS Expedition Conference 2nd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 685
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Rita Kovordanyi; Rudolf Schreiner; Jelle Pelfrene; Johan Jenvald; Henrik Eriksson; Amy Rankin; Michael Morin
Title Real-time support for exercise managers' situation assessment and decision making Type Conference Article
Year 2012 Publication ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Aggregates; Decision making; Decision support systems; Information systems; Managers; Ontology; Personnel training; Query languages; Semantics; Crisis management; Monitoring and controlling; Multiple response; Ontological representation; Semantic event processing; Situation assessment; Stream-based; Topic Maps; Human resource management
Abstract Exercise managers and instructors have a particularly challenging task in monitoring and controlling on-going exercises, which may involve multiple response teams and organizations in highly complex and continuously evolving crisis situations. Managers and instructors must handle potentially incomplete and conflicting field-observation data and make decisions in real-time in order to control the flow of the exercise and to keep it in line with the training objectives. In simulation-based exercises, managers and instructors have access to a rich set of real-time data, with an increased potential to closely monitor the trainees' actions, and to keep the exercise on track. To assist exercise managers and instructors, data about the on-going exercise can be filtered, aggregated and refined by real-time decision-support systems. We have developed a model and a prototype decision-support system, using stream-based reasoning to assist exercise managers and instructors in real-time. The approach takes advantage of topic maps for ontological representation and a complex-event processing engine for analyzing the data stream from a virtual-reality simulator for crisis-management training. Aggregated data is presented both on-screen, in Twitter, and in the form of topic maps. © 2012 ISCRAM.
Address Linköping University, Sweden; Object Security, Sweden; Space Applications Solutions, Sweden; VSL Systems, Sweden
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium
Track Event-Driven Techniques and Methods for Crisis Management Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 143
Share this record to Facebook