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Author Bernard Van Veelen; Patrick Storms; Chris J. Van Aart
Title Effective and efficient coordination strategies for agile crisis response organizations Type Conference Article
Year (down) 2006 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 – 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2006
Volume Issue Pages 202-213
Keywords Knowledge based systems; Agent-based systems; Autonomous systems; Coordination; Organization and management; Self management; Quality of service
Abstract Agile crisis response organizations can be seen as actor-Agent communities, where artificial coordination strategies are applied to manage activities. This paper provides a classification of artificial coordination strategies, specified in terms of the Rasmussen's three-level model for supervisory control: skill, rule and knowledge based. Three distinct strategies to artificial coordination based on Rasmussen's levels are described. These approaches are applied in a small case study related to the problem of medic-casualty allocation in the crisis response domain. In terms of effectiveness and efficiency, the knowledge-level coordination strategies seem to be the most effective, where the skill-level strategies are the most efficient. Concerning flexibility there is a reverse trade-off with efficiency. Opposed to skill-level strategies, knowledge-level strategies easily adjust to changing operational requirements. On all aspects, the performance of rule-level strategies is in-between knowledge-level and skill-level strategies. The results of this work can be used to improve the performance and effectiveness of actor-Agent communities for mission critical applications.
Address DECIS Lab, Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Newark, NJ Editor B. Van de Walle, M. Turoff
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9090206019; 9789090206011 Medium
Track COMMAND AND CONTROL Expedition Conference 3rd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 1047
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Author Patrick Storms
Title Combined systems: A system of systems architecture Type Conference Article
Year (down) 2004 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2004 – 1st International Workshop on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2004
Volume Issue Pages 139-144
Keywords Decision making; Information systems; Multi agent systems; Crisis management; Current situation; Decision supports; Distributed decision support systems; Distributed systems architectures; Key technologies; Making decision; System-of-systems architecture; Decision support systems
Abstract Combined Systems is aimed at exploring distributed decision support systems in open, complex chaotic environments. On a general scale, Combined is all about decision-making: observing the environment, making decisions and effectuating these to manage the current situation. Crisis management is a typical domain in which Combined-type systems can prove their value. For this reason the Combined project uses crisis management as primary case-domain. In this paper we highlight the key technologies that are subject of the Combined research, and we describe them in the light of crisis management. © Proceedings ISCRAM 2004.
Address Delft Cooperation on Intelligent Systems (DECIS), Delftechpark 24, 2628 XH Delft, Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971080 Medium
Track Emergency Response ICT Expedition Conference 1st International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 211
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