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Author Zeno Franco; Syed Ahmed; Craig E. Kuziemsky; Paul A. Biedrzycki; Anne Kissack
Title Using social network analysis to explore issues of latency, connectivity, interoperability & sustainability in community disaster response Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 896-900
Keywords Data fusion; Disasters; Information systems; Mergers and acquisitions; Social networking (online); Boundary spanning; Community engagement; Community resources; Community vulnerability; Crisis response; Disaster recovery; Disaster response; Social network analysis approaches; Emergency services
Abstract Community-based disaster response is gaining attention in the United States because of major problems with domestic disaster recovery over the last decade. A social network analysis approach is used to illustrate how community-academic partnerships offer one way to leverage information about existing, mediated relationships with the community through trusted actors. These partnerships offer a platform that can be used to provide entré into communities that are often closed to outsiders, while also allowing greater access to community embedded physical assets and human resources, thus facilitated more culturally appropriate crisis response. Using existing, publically available information about funded community-academic partnerships in Wisconsin, USA, we show how social network analysis of these meta-organizations may provide critical information about both community vulnerabilities in disaster and assist in rapidly identifying these community resources in the aftermath of a crisis event that may provide utility for boundary spanning crisis information systems.
Address Medical College of Wisconsin, United States; U. Ottawa, Canada; City of Milwaukee Public Health Department, United Kingdom
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Social Media Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 504
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Author Savannah Thais; Shaine Leibowitz; Allie Saizan; Ashay Singh
Title Understanding Historical, Socio-Economic, and Policy Contributions to COVID-19 Health Inequities Type Conference Article
Year 2022 Publication ISCRAM 2022 Conference Proceedings 19th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2022
Volume Issue Pages 481-494
Keywords Public Health; COVID-19; Economic Impact; Mobile Health; Unsupervised Learning; Longitudinal Analysis; Community Vulnerability Index; Proxy Outcomes; Health Policy; Social Determinants of Health; Equity
Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has generated unprecedented, devastating impacts across the United States. However, some communities have disproportionately endured adverse health outcomes and socioeconomic injuries. Ascertaining the factors driving these inequities is crucial to determining how policy could mitigate the impacts of future public health crises. We have established research-driven metrics, aggregated as the Community Vulnerability Index (CVI), that quantify vulnerability to public health and economic impacts of COVID-19. We performed two analyses to better understand similarities between communities in terms of the vulnerabilities represented by the metrics. We performed an unsupervised k-means clustering analysis to understand whether communities can be grouped together based on their levels of negative social and health indicators. Our goal for this analysis is to determine whether attributes of the constructed clusters reveal areas of opportunity for potential policy impacts and future disaster response efforts. We also analyzed similarities between communities across time using time-sensitive clustering analysis to discover whether historical community vulnerabilities were persistent in the years preceding the pandemic and to better understand the historical factors associated with disparate COVID-19 impacts. In particular, we highlight where communities should invest based on their historical health and socioeconomic patterns and related COVID impacts. Through extensive interpretation of our findings, we uncover how health policy can advance equity and improve community resilience.
Address Princeton University; Community Insight and Impact; Community Insight and Impact; Community Insight and Impact
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Tarbes, France Editor Rob Grace; Hossein Baharmand
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-82-8427-099-9 Medium
Track Data and Resilience: Opportunities and Challenges Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2434
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Author Sofia Kostakonti; Ramona Velea; Vassilis Papataxiarhis; Daniele Del Bianco; Uberto Delprato; Stathes Hadjiefthymiades
Title A semantic approach for modeling vulnerability of communities Type Conference Article
Year 2021 Publication ISCRAM 2021 Conference Proceedings – 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2021
Volume Issue Pages 305-318
Keywords Community vulnerability, semantic modeling, community resilience, knowledge representation and reasoning
Abstract In this paper, we propose the use of semantic technologies for the representation of concepts and relationships required for the modeling of vulnerability data for local communities. First, we discuss the concepts of vulnerability and resilience and we try to identify the relationship between the two. We provide some background knowledge and we present basic characteristics of the two concepts. Next, we discuss the motivation behind the use of semantic technologies, and we show how the proposed framework can address existing challenges in terms of vulnerability assessment. The core part of this paper focuses on the semantic representation of community vulnerability aspects. We give an overview of the layered semantic framework consisting of interconnected ontological models and we provide a set of use-cases where the use of semantic-based modeling and query answering can prove beneficial in terms of assessing vulnerability.
Address National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; Institute of International Sociology of Gorizia; National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; Institute of International Sociology of Gorizia; Intelligence for Environment and Security; National and Kapod
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Anouck Adrot; Rob Grace; Kathleen Moore; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-61-5 ISBN Medium
Track Data and Resilience: Opportunities and Challenges Expedition Conference 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes sofkost@di.uoa.gr Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2335
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