toggle visibility Search & Display Options

Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print
  Records Links
Author (up) Ana C. Calderon; Joanne Hinds; Peter Johnson pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title IntCris: A tool for enhanced communication and collective decision-making during crises Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014  
  Volume Issue Pages 205-214  
  Keywords Computational grammars; Disasters; Hurricanes; Information systems; Autonomous systems; Collaborative technologies; Collective decision-making; Collective intelligences; Decision making process; Emergency response; Hurricane katrina; Large-scale disasters; Decision making  
  Abstract Responding to a large-scale disaster such as an earthquake or hurricane is a collective problem. Human agents are increasingly collaborating with non-human agents (autonomous systems) in attempt to respond to a disaster. IntCris is a prototype intended to bring together interaction for human and non-human agents to aid the decision-making process by focusing on how to facilitate the “correct information to the correct agent” problem as well as encouraging new and agile behaviour. We focus on three categories of information: command, report and personal with a formal grammar to accompany the implementation. The requirements for the software were inspired by real life case studies from Hurricane Katrina, the Fukoshima Nuclear Disaster and Hurricane Sandy. The contribution of this work is to advance technology that brings together HAS (human and autonomous system interaction), in addition to enhancing collective intelligence.  
  Address University of Bath, United Kingdom  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium  
  Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 361  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Flávio E. A. Horita; Maria C. Fava; Eduardo M. Mendiondo; Jairo Rotava; Vladimir C. Souza; Jo Ueyama; João Porto De Albuquerque pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title AGORA-GeoDash: A geosensor dashboard for real-time flood risk monitoring Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014  
  Volume Issue Pages 304-313  
  Keywords Decision making; Flood control; Information systems; Wireless sensor networks; Decision making process; Flood management; Flood risks; Geosensor dashboard; Hazard indices; Open geospatial consortium; Performance indicators; Technological architectures; Floods  
  Abstract Flood management is an important approach to reduce damage caused by floods. In this context, technological architectures which work in real-time are needed. However, Brazil has faced many structural difficulties in obtaining updated information on the current state of its rivers. To address this problem, this paper outlines a geosensor dashboard called AGORA-GeoDash, which processes data streams from wireless sensor networks and makes them available in the form of a set of performance indicators that are essential to support real-time decision-making in flood risk monitoring. The dashboard was built on open-source frameworks, made use of geoservices that comply with the standards of Open Geospatial Consortium, and established a Wireless Sensor Network which monitors the rivers of São Carlos/SP in Brazil. The analysis of the indicators available in two rainfall events revealed that the dashboard can provide the key information required for the decision-making process involved in flood risk management.  
  Address Department of Computer Systems/ICMC, University of São Paulo, São Carlos/SP, Brazil; Department of Hydraulic/EESC, University of São Paulo, São Carlos/SP, Brazil; Center for Technology/CTEC, Federal University of Alagoas, Maceió/AL, Brazil  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium  
  Track Geographic Information Science Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 593  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Hagen Engelmann; Frank Fiedrich pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Decision support for the members of an emergency operation centre after an earthquake Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2007 Academic Proceedings Papers Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2007  
  Volume Issue Pages 317-326  
  Keywords Decision making; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Earthquakes; Human computer interaction; Intelligent agents; Multi agent systems; Collaborative research; Complex environments; Decision making process; Decision supports; Emergency operations; Optimal resource allocation; RPD model; User friendly interface; Decision support systems  
  Abstract The first three days after an earthquake disaster demand good decisions in a very complex environment. Members of emergency operation centres (EOC) have to make decisions with limited information and under high time pressure. But the first 72 hours of disaster response activities are essential to minimize loss of life. Within the interdisciplinary German Collaborative Research Center 461: “Strong Earthquakes: A Challenge for Geosciences and Civil Engineering” a so-called Disaster Management Tool (DMT) is under development which presents some ideas for appropriate solutions to this problem. One module of the DMT will provide decision-support for the members of an EOC based on the Recognition-Primed Decision (RPD) model, a description of the decision-making process of persons in real-world settings. Options for a reasonable computer-based decision support for the RPD process will be discussed. For this the system combines a simulation of the disaster environment with a multi-agent system (MAS). The simulation shows the results of different decisions so the decision-makers can evaluate them. The MAS calculates a solution for optimal resource allocation taking into account current available information. The goal of the ongoing work is to integrate these instruments into a user-friendly interface considering the real life needs of decision-makers in an EOC.  
  Address Institute for Technology and Management in Construction, Karlsruhe University, Karlsruhe, Germany; Institute for Crisis, Disaster, and Risk Management, George Washington University, Washington, DC, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Delft Editor B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt, K. Nieuwenhuis  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789054874171; 9789090218717 Medium  
  Track ASCM Expedition Conference 4th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 477  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Jan Maarten Schraagen; Aletta Eikelboom; Kees Van Dongen; Guido Te Brake pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Experimental evaluation of a critical thinking tool to support decision making in crisis situations Type Conference Article
  Year 2005 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2005 – 2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2005  
  Volume Issue Pages 181-189  
  Keywords Accidents; Decision support systems; Information systems; Crisis management; Crisis situations; Critical thinking; Decision making process; Decision supports; Experimental evaluation; Laboratory experiments; Situation awareness; Decision making  
  Abstract Building up proper situation awareness is one of the most difficult tasks in the beginning stages of large-scale accidents. As ambiguous information about the events becomes available, decision makers are often tempted to quickly choose a particular story to explain the events. Subsequent information that contradicts the initial story may easily be discarded and cognitive tunnel vision takes over. Our approach, as part of the COMBINED Systems project, is to prevent tunnel vision by providing critical thinking support. In a laboratory experiment with 60 participants, we tested this hypothesis by comparing the Critical Thinking tool with a 'no support' control condition and a 'minimal support' condition. Participants acted as crisis managers determining the likely cause of an accident based on different pieces of information. The results show a positive impact of the tool on both the decision making process and decision making effectiveness.  
  Address TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg, Netherlands  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971099 Medium  
  Track DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS Expedition Conference 2nd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 925  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Mohammadreza Khalilbeigi; Immanuel Schweizer; Dirk Bradler; Florian Probst; Jürgen Steimle pdf  openurl
  Title Towards computer support of paper workflows in emergency management Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Civil defense; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Human computer interaction; Information systems; Risk management; Command and control centers; Decision making process; Efficient technology; Emergency management; Large-scale disasters; Participatory design; Technological solution; User study; Paper  
  Abstract A crucial aspect for large-scale disaster management is an efficient technology support for communication and decision-making processes in command and control centers. Yet, experiences with the introduction of novel technologies in this setting show that field professionals tend to remain attached to traditional workflows and artifacts, such as pen and paper. We contribute the results of a comprehensive field study which analyzes how the information flow is currently performed within different units and persons in the command and control center. These findings provide insights into key aspects of current workflows which should be preserved by novel technological solutions. As our second contribution, by using a participatory design approach and based on our findings, we present a novel approach for computer support in command and control centers. This relies on digital pens and paper and smoothly integrates traditional paper-based workflows with computing, thereby combining the advantages of paper and those of computers.  
  Address Telekooperation-TU Darmstadt, Germany; SAP AG Darmstadt, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium  
  Track Human-Computer Interaction Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 650  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Jose J. Gonzalez; Murray Turoff pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title ICT support and the effectiveness of decision making in disasters: A preliminary system dynamics model Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 668-673  
  Keywords Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information systems; System theory; Conceptual model; Decision making process; Disaster management; Distributed teams; Ict; Large scale disasters; Social media; System dynamics model; Decision making  
  Abstract A high level conceptual model is presented of factors hypothesized to be key determinants of the effectiveness of decision making in large scale disasters, grounded in the literature on disaster management. ICT robustness (including the use of social media) sensemaking, and the effectiveness of decision making processes by the multi-organizational Partially Distributed Teams that must cooperate are accorded key roles in the process model. The outcomes of the decision making processes modeled are decisions, in terms of timeliness and quality.  
  Address NJIT, United States; Centre for Integrated Emergency Management, U. of Agder, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Analytical Modelling and Simulation Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 582  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Linda Plotnick pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Dealing with information overload when using social media for emergency management: Emerging solutions Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013  
  Volume Issue Pages 823-827  
  Keywords Civil defense; Information systems; Natural language processing systems; Risk management; Decision making process; Emergency management; Emergency response; Information overloads; NAtural language processing; Social convention; Social media; Trending topics; Disasters  
  Abstract Several recent studies point the way to enabling emergency response managers to be able to find relevant posts and incorporate them into their sensemaking and decision making processes. Among the approaches that have improved the ability to find the most relevant information are the social conventions of creating topic groups and tags and of “retweeting;” the use of trained volunteers to filter and summarize posts for responders; automated notifications of trending topics; natural language processing of posts; techniques for identifying posts from the disaster site; and the use of GIS and crisis maps to visually represent the distribution of incidents.  
  Address NJIT, Newark NJ, United States; Jacksonville State U., AL, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium  
  Track Social Media Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 583  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Stella Moehrle pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Generic self-learning decision support system for large-scale disasters Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Artificial intelligence; Decision making; Decision support systems; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Information systems; Complex structure; Decision makers; Decision making process; Decision process; Disaster management; Emergency response; Large-scale disasters; Work in progress; Emergency services  
  Abstract Large-scale disasters, particularly failures of critical infrastructures, are exceptional situations which cannot be solved with standard countermeasures. The crises are complex and the decision makers face acute time pressure to respond to the disaster. IT based decision support systems provide potential solutions and assist the decision making process. Many decision support systems in emergency response and management concentrate on one kind of disaster. Moreover, complex structures are modeled and recommendations are made rule-based. This work in progress paper describes the first steps towards the development of a generic and self-learning decision support system. The methodology used is case-based reasoning. The paper concludes with a sample emergency decision process. © 2012 ISCRAM.  
  Address Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium  
  Track Track Decision Support Methods for Complex Crises Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 171  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) T. Benjamins; Leon J.M. Rothkrantz pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Interactive simulation in crisis management Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2007 Academic Proceedings Papers Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2007  
  Volume Issue Pages 571-580  
  Keywords Autonomous agents; Communication infrastructure; Crises situations; Crisis management; Decision making process; Event generators; Interactive simulations; Serious gaming; Training facility; Multi agent systems  
  Abstract Experiments in crisis management are expensive and difficult to realize. There is also a lack of training facilities in real crisis environments. Serious games and simulation can provide an alternative. We developed a system which enables interactive simulation for crisis management. It is called IMACSIM (Interactive Multi Agent Crisis Simulator Interpreter and Monitor). It is composed of the following components: First a software based platform for dynamic simulating of disasters. Next an event generator which can generate different crises situations. We designed a communication infrastructure that allows agents participants in the simulation to exchange messages. Every agent is able to observe the results of crisis events, process these events and initiate appropriate actions via a waypoint system. The decision making process is distributed among autonomous agents. Some actions may have an impact on the event generator, so there is an interaction between agents and event generator. We developed a first prototype. The design and test results will be described in this paper.  
  Address Man-Machine Interaction Group, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Delft Editor B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt, K. Nieuwenhuis  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789054874171; 9789090218717 Medium  
  Track GAME Expedition Conference 4th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 303  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Vitaveska Lanfranchi; Stuart N. Wrigley; Neil Ireson; Uta Wehn; Fabio Ciravegna pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Citizens' observatories for situation awareness in flooding Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014  
  Volume Issue Pages 145-154  
  Keywords Flood control; Floods; Information systems; Models; Sensors; Water; Decision making process; Digital technologies; Flood management; Governance; Netherlands; Research plans; Situation awareness; Observatories  
  Abstract Citizens' observatories are emerging as a means to establish interaction and co-participation between citizens and authorities during both emergencies and the day-to-day management of fundamental resources. In this paper we present a case study in which a model of citizens' observatories is being been translated into practice in the WeSenseIt project. The WeSenseIt citizens' observatory provides a unique way of engaging the public in the decision-making processes associated with water and flood management through a set of new digital technologies. The WeSenseIt citizens' observatory model is being implemented in three case studies based in the UK, the Netherlands and Italy. We describe the findings and our experiences following preliminary evaluations of the technologies and the model of co-participation and describe our future research plans.  
  Address University of Sheffield, United Kingdom; UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Netherlands  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium  
  Track Community Engagement in Crisis Informatics Research Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 680  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Wolfgang Raskob; Florian Gering; Valentin Bertsch pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Approaches to visualisation of uncertainties to decision makers in an operational decision support system Type Conference Article
  Year 2009 Publication ISCRAM 2009 – 6th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Boundary Spanning Initiatives and New Perspectives Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2009  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Artificial intelligence; Decision support systems; Information systems; Risk management; Visualization; Agricultural management; Decision making process; Operational decision support; Radiological emergency; Rodos; Uncertain informations; Uncertainties; Uncertainty handling; Decision making  
  Abstract Decision making in case of any emergency is associated with uncertainty of input data, model data and changing preferences in the decision making process. Uncertainty handling was from the beginning an integral part of the decision support system RODOS for the off-site emergency management following nuclear or radiological emergencies. What is missing so far is the visualisation of the uncertainties in the results of the model calculations. In this paper we present the first attempt to visualise uncertain information in the early and late phase of the decision making process. For the early phase, the area of sheltering was selected as example. For the later phase, the results of the evaluation subsystem of RODOS were selected being used for the analysis of remediation measures such as agricultural management options. Both attempts are still under discussion but the presentation of the early phase uncertainty will be realised in the next version.  
  Address Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (FZK), Karlsruhe, Germany; Federal Office for Radiation Protection, Neuherberg, Germany; Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Gothenburg Editor J. Landgren, S. Jul  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789163347153 Medium  
  Track Open Track Expedition Conference 6th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 870  
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author (up) Wolfgang Raskob; Valentin Bertsch; Jutta Geldermann.; Sandra Baig; Florian Gering pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Demands to and experience with the decision support system rodos for off-site emergency management in the decision making process in Germany Type Conference Article
  Year 2005 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2005 – 2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2005  
  Volume Issue Pages 269-278  
  Keywords Accidents; Civil defense; Decision making; Decision support systems; Disasters; Information systems; Risk management; Sensitivity analysis; Decision making process; Emergency management; Emergency situation; Integrated evaluation; Multi-criteria decision analysis; Multi-criteria evaluation; Radiological accidents; Stakeholder involvement; Artificial intelligence  
  Abstract Emergency situations, man-made as well as natural, can differ considerably. However, they share the characteristic of sudden onset, involve complex decisions and necessitate a coherent and effective emergency management. In the event of a nuclear or radiological accident in Europe, the real-time on-line decision support system RODOS provides support from the early phase through to the medium and long-term phases. This paper describes the demands to a Decision Support System from a user-centred view as well as experiences gained from conducting moderated decision making workshops based on a hypothetical accident scenario focusing on the evaluation of long-term countermeasures using the simulation capabilities of the RODOS system and its recently integrated evaluation component Web-HIPRE, a tool for multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA).  
  Address Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (FZK), IKET, Karlsruhe, Germany; University of Karlsruhe (TH), DFIU, Karlsruhe, Germany; Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Brussels Editor B. Van de Walle, B. Carle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9076971099 Medium  
  Track NUCLEAR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT Expedition Conference 2nd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 869  
Share this record to Facebook
Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print

Save Citations:
Export Records: