|   | 
Details
   web
Records
Author Ronja Addams-Moring
Title Tsunami self-evacuation of a group of western travelers and resulting requirements for multi-hazard early warning Type Conference Article
Year 2007 Publication Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2007 Academic Proceedings Papers Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2007
Volume Issue Pages 83-92
Keywords Developing countries; Ad hoc MEA system; Early warning; False alarms; Group evacuation; Mea; Mobile emergency announcement; Pre-disaster mitigation; Tsunamis
Abstract This paper describes the experiences of a West-European project group in Sri Lanka in March 2005, during a tsunami threat. They had previous disaster related knowledge and used both local guidance, global media and contacts back home, but could not get adequate information about how much time they had, how likely a tsunami was, or which countries had ordered evacuations. Their decision to evacuate was based on their own reasoning and influenced most by one trusted local resident. Their mobile phone communication with their relations in Europe created a de facto ad hoc mobile emergency announcement (MEA) system. Their decision to return relied heavily on the ad hoc MEA text messages, as local authorities had not yet issued an all-clear. The findings underline the importance of multiple early warning languages and delivery channels and suggest that when relevant, 'event onset time' should be explicit in early warning.
Address Helsinki University of Technology, Finland
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Delft Editor B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt, K. Nieuwenhuis
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789054874171; 9789090218717 Medium
Track GCMR Expedition Conference 4th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 252
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Patricia Gómez Bello; Ignacio Aedo; Fausto Sainz; Paloma Díaz; Jorge De Castro
Title M-ARCE: Designing an ubiquitous mobile office for disaster mitigation, services and configuration Type Conference Article
Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 – 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2006
Volume Issue Pages 121-126
Keywords Disasters; Information systems; Internet; Ubiquitous computing; Wireless networks; Wireless telecommunication systems; Disaster mitigation; Emergency situation; Indoor environment; International assistance; Multinational cooperations; Pda; Ubiquitous hypermedia; Wireless communications; Mobile devices
Abstract Cooperation and mutual assistance in emergency situations is one of the main objectives of the Latin-American Association of Governmental Organisms of Civil Defense and Protection. To promote such collaboration m-ARCE has been developed; an ubiquitous mobile office for disaster mitigation where users can send and receive information anywhere and anytime. When a catastrophe happens in a country, and almost all infrastructure is destroyed, mobile technology, such as mobile devices and wireless networks, offers the user resources to ask for help and to manage it. Latin-American Countries often suffer catastrophes that provoke numerous human losses and major economic and social problems. International assistance and collaboration with the affected country is necessary to help in its recovery. The Web, like Internet, offers static office services to users who can access information using an infrastructure in indoor environments. On the other hand, mobile computing and networking use the Internet, together with mobile physical devices linked to it, and software platforms built upon it, to design and coordinate systems across countries. In the ubiquitous mobile office design, we describe how services, such as chat, email and wireless communication, should be configured for emergency situation. We make use of ubiquitous hypermedia -linked nodes in ubiquitous spaces- to ensure mobility and accessibility to the mobile device interface, such as PDAs and smartphones.
Address DEI Laboratory, Computer Science Department, Carlos III University of Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganés, Spain; Dirección General de Protección Civil y Emergencias, Ministry of Interior, Quintiliano 21, 28002 Madrid, Spain
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Newark, NJ Editor B. Van de Walle, M. Turoff
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9090206019; 9789090206011 Medium
Track INCIDENT COMMAND SYSTEMS WORKFLOW MANAGEMENT Expedition Conference 3rd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 299
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Timothy Clark; Rich Curran
Title Geospatial site suitability modeling for US department of defense humanitarian assistance projects Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 463-467
Keywords Analytic hierarchy process; Decision support systems; Disaster prevention; Disaster mitigation; Disaster preparedness; Geo-spatial analysis; Multicriteria decision; Suitability analysis; Information systems
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to outline the requirement for data-driven methods for determining optimal geographic locations of United States Department of Defense (DOD) Humanitarian Assistance (HA) resources, including disaster mitigation and preparedness projects. HA project managers and tactical implementers charged with cost-efficient deployment of HA resources are challenged to produce measurable effects, in addition to contributing to broader Joint and Interagency-informed security assistance strategies. To address these issues, our ongoing research advocates geospatial multi-criteria site suitability decision support capabilities that leverage 1) existing geospatial resource location-allocation methodology as applied in government, retail, and commercial sectors; 2) user-generated criteria and objective preferences applied in widely-used decision frameworks; 3) assessments of the feasibility of obtaining data at a geographic scale where DOD tactical/operational level users can benefit from the model outputs; and 4) social science theory related to the HA domain criteria that form the foundation of potential decision models.
Address Army Geospatial Center, US Army Corps of Engineers, United States; Engineer Research and Development Center, US Army Corps of Engineers, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Emergency Management Information Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 401
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Laura Montells; Susana Montero; Paloma Díaz; Ignacio Aedo; Jorge De Castro
Title SIGAME: Web-based System for resources management on emergencies Type Conference Article
Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 – 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2006
Volume Issue Pages 1-5
Keywords Information management; Information systems; Supply chains; Design Patterns; Disaster mitigation; National cooperation; Organizational diversity; Political implications; Requirements; User centered design methods; Web-based applications; World Wide Web
Abstract This paper describes SIGAME, a web-based application for national cooperation in case of disaster. The main motivation of SIGAME is to provide a quick, flexible, reliable, many-to-many, updated communication channel for improving and coordinating the response of assistance suppliers (located at several territories) when an emergency occurs. In order to make communication as efficient as possible and taking into account the organizational diversities of the suppliers, the political implication and the characteristics of the future users, a user centered design method for web-based interactive systems seems to be the best solution for attending the designer through the different phases and products of the design process. In particular, we will focus on the techniques used both to involve stakeholders in the design and to collect requirements.
Address Laboratorio DEI, Dpto de Informática Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain; Dirección General de Protección Civil y Emergencias, Spain
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium Place of Publication Newark, NJ Editor B. Van de Walle, M. Turoff
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9090206019; 9789090206011 Medium
Track Position and Research in Progress Papers Expedition Conference 3rd International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 782
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Muhammad Tauhidur Rahman; Tarek Rashed
Title Towards a geospatial approach to post-disaster environmental impact assessment Type Conference Article
Year 2007 Publication Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2007 Academic Proceedings Papers Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2007
Volume Issue Pages 219-226
Keywords Damage detection; Disasters; Environmental impact assessments; Geographic information systems; Remote sensing; Analytical approach; Built-in components; Conceptual frameworks; Disaster mitigation; Impact assessments; Rapid environmental impact assessment (REA); Severity index; Statistical decomposition; Environmental impact
Abstract Natural disasters often leave profound impacts on the environment. Existing disaster impact assessment methods fall short in facilitating the relief work and in conducting cross-sectional comparison of various facets of such impacts. The development of a standardized index for measuring/monitoring the environmental impacts of disasters is necessary to address this gap. This paper proposes a conceptual framework to study the environmental impacts via remote sensing/GIS based geospatial analytical approach by developing a post-disaster environmental severity index. It considers physical, social and built-in components of the environment and identifies several key indicators of disaster impacts. Through statistical decomposition of a large number of environmental impact indicators, the study proposes a composite post-disaster environmental severity index (PDESI). Mapping of the proposed index would help identification of areas and component of the environment that are severely affected by a disaster, and formulation of disaster mitigation and damage recovery plans accordingly.
Address University of Oklahoma, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Delft Editor B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt, K. Nieuwenhuis
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789054874171; 9789090218717 Medium
Track REAS Expedition Conference 4th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 865
Share this record to Facebook
 

 
Author Takuya Oki
Title Possibility of Using Tweets to Detect Crowd Congestion: A Case Study Using Tweets just before/after the Great East Japan Earthquake Type Conference Article
Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018
Volume Issue Pages 584-596
Keywords Twitter, crowd congestion, time-series analysis, linguistic expression, disaster mitigation.
Abstract During large earthquakes, it is critical to safely guide evacuation efforts and to prevent accidents caused by congestion. In this paper, we focus on detecting the degree of crowd congestion following an earthquake based on information posted to Social Networking Services (SNSs). This research uses text data posted to Twitter just before/after the occurrence of the Great East Japan Earthquake (11 March 2011 at 02:46 PM JST). First, we extract co-occurring place names, proper nouns, and time-series information from tweets about congestion in the Tokyo metropolitan area (TMA). Next, using these extracted data, we analyze the frequency and spatiotemporal characteristics of these tweets. Finally, we identify expressions that describe the degree of crowd congestion and discuss methods to quantify these expressions based on a questionnaire survey and tweets that contain a photograph.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszeski
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium
Track Social Media Studies Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings - 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 2133
Share this record to Facebook