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Author Nitesh Bharosa; Marijn Janssen; Raghav H. Rao; JinKyu Lee
Title Adaptive information orchestration: Architectural principles improving information quality Type Conference Article
Year 2008 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2008
Volume Issue Pages 556-565
Keywords Architecture; Information analysis; Information systems; Network architecture; Adaptivity; Architectural principles; Heterogeneous information sources; Information and technologies; Information architectures; Information quality; Orchestration; Rotterdam; Information management
Abstract Effective responsiveness to disasters requires the management of information in a network of autonomous response agencies. Yet, the information quality is often insufficient. Information is scattered throughout the network and needs to be collected from heterogeneous information sources. As such, adaptive information orchestration is the key to effective response. The aim of this paper is to develop a prescriptive, conceptual architecture guided by architectural principles for orchestration aimed at improving information quality. Information orchestration refers to an information architecture in which multiple orchestrators match information supply according to the information demand in order to assure a high information quality for relief workers. A primarily element is that information needs to be 'enriched' before it is provided to relief workers and necessary resources (human, information and technology) should be available to accomplish this. This should ensure that the right information will be delivered to the right persons at the right moment. Future research is aimed at detailing the concept of information orchestration.
Address Delft University of Technology, Netherlands; State University of New York, Buffalo, United States; Oklahoma State University, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Washington, DC Editor F. Fiedrich, B. Van de Walle
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780615206974 Medium
Track Adaptive Information Architectures for Interagency Crisis Management Expedition Conference 5th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 323
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Author Bruno S. N.; Adriana S. Vivacqua; Marcos R.S. Borges
Title A Conceptual Architecture to handle the influx of information in Emergency Situations Type Conference Article
Year 2016 Publication ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2016
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Emergency; Heterogeneous Information Sources; Information Integration; Collaboration; Visualization Of Information; Dashboards.
Abstract Emergency situations are characterized by their complexity and the heterogeneity of the available information. Emergency managers are frequently confronted with redundant or irrelevant information, causing the problem of information overload. Evidence of this problem was identified in an exploratory survey conducted in the Center for Integrated Command and Control of Rio de Janeiro (CICC-RJ). In this paper, we present a conceptual architecture that allows a user to handle this influx of information. From a set of available data, a manager can select those of interest, which can then be transformed and mapped into one or more views, and organized in a dashboard. The whole process is interactive, allowing the manager to redefine his/her dashboard as needed. In addition, we provide collaborative mechanisms, given that, at times, it is not possible for a single user to handle such large datasets alone.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Place of Publication Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Editor A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3388 ISBN 978-84-608-7984-9 Medium
Track Command and Control Studies Expedition Conference 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 1384
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Author Kelli de Faria Cordeiro; Maria Luiza M Campos; Marcos R. S. Borges
Title Adaptive integration of information supporting decision making: A case on humanitarian logistic Type Conference Article
Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014
Volume Issue Pages 225-229
Keywords Artificial intelligence; Decision support systems; Information systems; Natural language processing systems; Graph database; Heterogeneous information; Humanitarian logistics; Knowledge integration; Linked open datum; Multi-perspective views; Relational data models; Semantic representation; Decision making
Abstract There is an urgent demand for information systems to gather heterogeneous information about needs, donations and warehouse stocks to provide an integrated view for decision making in humanitarian logistics. The dynamic flow of information, due to the unpredicted events, requires adaptive features. The traditional relational data model is not suitable due to its schema rigidity. As an alternative, Graph Data models complemented by semantic representations, like Linked Open Data on the Web, can be used. Based on both, this research proposes an approach for the adaptive integration of information and an associated architecture. An application example is discussed in a real scenario where relief goods are managed through a dynamic and multi-perspective view.
Address Center for Naval Systems Analysis of Brazilian Navy, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium
Track Decision Support Systems Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 414
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Author Sebastian Kurowski; Heiko Roßnagel; Jan Zibuschka; Wolf Engelbach
Title A concept for interoperability of security systems in public transport Type Conference Article
Year 2012 Publication ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Information systems; European research project; Heterogeneous communication; Heterogeneous information; Operational business; Public transport; Security; Shared understanding; System-of-systems architecture; Interoperability
Abstract In the field of public transport, operators and first responders collaborate in the prevention of and reaction to security issues. In order to optimise their specific daily operational business needs in a timely manner heterogeneous information and communication systems are deployed. In case of an incident however it is crucial that the various involved parties exchange relevant information to develop a shared understanding and act in a coordinated way. Yet, heterogeneous communication and information system infrastructures often hinder this crucial flow of information. To address this shortcoming it is crucial to enable the design of interoperable system-of-systems approaches in this domain. This paper describes a conceptual model to construct system-of-systems environments in the domain of security in public transport. By building on the results of several European research projects this concept offers a starting point for modelling and documenting individual systems inside a system-of-systems architecture. © 2012 ISCRAM.
Address Fraunhofer IAO, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium
Track Open Track Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 147
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