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Author Imane Benkhelifa; Samira Moussaoui; Nadia Nouali-Taboudjemat
Title Locating emergency responders using mobile wireless sensor networks Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 432-441
Keywords Carrier mobility; Disaster prevention; Disasters; Forecasting; Global positioning system; Information systems; Mobile agents; Monte Carlo methods; Speed; Wireless sensor networks; Direction; Disaster management; Emergency response; Localization; Mobile anchors; Mobile wireless sensor network; Emergency services
Abstract Emergency response in disaster management using wireless sensor networks has recently become an interest of many researchers in the world. This interest comes from the growing number of disasters and crisis (natural or man-made) affecting millions of lives and the easy-use of new and cheap technologies. This paper details another application of WSN in the post disaster scenario and comes up with an algorithm for localization of sensors attached to mobile responders (firefighters, policemen, first aid agents, emergency nurses, etc) while assisted by a mobile vehicle (fire truck, police car, or aerial vehicle like helicopters) called mobile anchor, sent to supervise the rescue operation. This solution is very efficient and rapidly deployable since no pre-installed infrastructure is needed. Also, there is no need to equip each sensor with a GPS receiver which is very costly and may increase the sensor volume. The proposed technique is based on the prediction of the rescuers velocities and directions considering previous position estimations. The evaluation of our solution shows that our technique takes benefit from prediction in a more effective manner than previous solutions. The simulation results show that our algorithm outperforms conventional Monte Carlo localization schemes by decreasing estimation errors with more than 50%.
Address USTHB- Department of Informatics, Algiers, Algeria; CERIST Research Center, Algiers, Algeria
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Emergency Management Information Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 304
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Author Beibei Hu; Jan Hidders; Philipp Cimiano
Title Towards context-based information delivery to police officers: A questionnaire-based requirements elicitation study Type Conference Article
Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Information systems; Law enforcement; Mobile agents; Requirements engineering; Surveys; Systems analysis; Context-aware systems; Context-based information; Crisis management; Crisis situations; Information requirement; Mobile users; Police officers; Requirements elicitation; Information management
Abstract In the area of information system design, the development of context-aware systems which can provide relevant information in a context-driven fashion to support mobile users in crisis management tasks represents a great challenge. Motivated by the fact that police officers are often overwhelmed by too much information, the goal of the MOSAIC project (a multi-officer system of agents for informed crisis control) is to support mobile police officers by a system which delivers contextualized information that is relevant to the task at hand. In order to elicit the information requirements of police officers who are involved in crisis situations, a questionnaire-based requirements elicitation study has been carried out in the context of the work described here. The results mainly shed light on the situation-specific information requirements of police officers in certain scenarios. The design requirements that follow from our study have clearly the potential to guide the design of context-based information delivery systems for users involved in critical situations such as the police officers we target. Our findings thus offer an important contribution to the field of information system design for crisis management.
Address Delft University of Technology, Netherlands; Semantic Computing Group, CITEC, Universität Bielefeld, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium
Track Special Session: Response Information Systems Requirement Engineering and Evaluation Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 598
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Author Volkmar Schau; Christian Erfurth; Gerald Eichler; Steffen Späthe; Wilhelm Rossak
Title Geolocated communication support in rescue management Type Conference Article
Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Ad hoc networks; Communication; Mobile agents; Mobile devices; Communication support; Efficient communications; Localization; Mass casualty incidents; Mobile software agents; Peer-to-peer communications; Reliable communication; SpeedUp; Information systems
Abstract Efficient communication on base of consistent and up to date information is the key factor to cope with hard rescue missions. With the new generation of mobile devices local peer-to-peer communication in conjunction with geolocated information is promising to improve information's quality. Thereby, the routing of information in ad-hoc networks is very dynamic. This contribution, based on work of the SpeedUp project, analyses protocols and presents an approach which combines mobile software agents, routing in ad-hoc networks, and geolocated information to build up a reliable communication infrastructure. The 2MANS simulator allows efficient graphical model building. Geolocated information will be utilized as a map representation to improve the overall situation for unified rescue forces management.
Address Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany; University of Applied Science Jena, Germany; Deutsche Telekom Laboratories, Germany; Navimatix GmbH, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium
Track Geographic Information Science Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 918
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Author Volkmar Schau; Sebastian Scharf; Christian Erfurth; Stefan Hellfritzsch; Gerald Eichler; Wilhelm Rossak
Title Simulation of wireless, self-organizingandagent-based dynamic communication scenarios Type Conference Article
Year 2012 Publication ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2012
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Information systems; Mobile agents; Agent-based communication; MANET routing; Mobile data; Self organizations; Simulation; Mobile ad hoc networks
Abstract The inter-disciplinary research project SpeedUp focuses on an IT framework to support communication and collaboration for mobile rescue forces. Starting with the investigation of methods, organizational structures and strategies a separation of the professional and technical (IT) layers is achieved. In most cases rescue activities are highly dynamic, so the choice of a MANET supports best the application of mobile agents and different routing strategies. Using simulation, a number of representative, location-based scenarios are analyzed and evaluated. © 2012 ISCRAM.
Address Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany; University of Applied Sciences Jena, Germany; Telekom Innovation Laboratories, Germany
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Simon Fraser University Place of Publication Vancouver, BC Editor L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej, Z.Franco
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780864913326 Medium
Track Wireless Connectivity Management Expedition Conference 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 201
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