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Author Cornelia Caragea; Nathan McNeese; Anuj Jaiswal; Greg Traylor; Hyun-Woo Kim; Prasenjit Mitra; Dinghao Wu; Andrea H. Tapia; Lee Giles; Bernard J. Jansen; John Yen
Title Classifying text messages for the haiti earthquake Type Conference Article
Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Abstracting; Artificial intelligence; Disaster prevention; Information systems; Learning systems; Text processing; Disaster relief; Emergency response; Emergency situation; Haiti earthquakes; Information technology infrastructure; Nongovernmental organizations; Relief workers; Self-organizing behavior; Earthquakes
Abstract In case of emergencies (e.g., earthquakes, flooding), rapid responses are needed in order to address victims' requests for help. Social media used around crises involves self-organizing behavior that can produce accurate results, often in advance of official communications. This allows affected population to send tweets or text messages, and hence, make them heard. The ability to classify tweets and text messages automatically, together with the ability to deliver the relevant information to the appropriate personnel are essential for enabling the personnel to timely and efficiently work to address the most urgent needs, and to understand the emergency situation better. In this study, we developed a reusable information technology infrastructure, called Enhanced Messaging for the Emergency Response Sector (EMERSE), which classifies and aggregates tweets and text messages about the Haiti disaster relief so that non-governmental organizations, relief workers, people in Haiti, and their friends and families can easily access them.
Address College of Information Sciences and Technology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA-16801, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium
Track Analytical Information Systems Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 371
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