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Author Asmelash Teka Hadgu; Sallam Abualhaija; Claudia Niederée
Title Real-time Adaptive Crawler for Tracking Unfolding Events on Twitter Type Conference Article
Year 2019 Publication Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2019
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords social search, real-time adaptive search, event tracking, crsis communication
Abstract When a major event such as a crisis situation occurs, people post messages on social media sites such as Twitter, in

order to exchange information or to share emotions. These posts can provide useful information to raise situation

awareness and support decision making, e.g., by aid organizations. In this paper, we propose a novel method for

social media crawling, which exploits a Bayesian inference framework to keep track of keyword changes over time

and uses a counter-stream to gauge the inclusion of noise and irrelevant information. In addition, we present a

framework to evaluate real-time adaptive social search algorithms in a reproducible manner, which relies on a

semi-automated approach for ground-truth construction. We show that our method outperforms previous methods

for very large scale events.
Address L3S Research Center, Leibniz universität Hannover, Germany;Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iscram Place of Publication Valencia, Spain Editor Franco, Z.; González, J.J.; Canós, J.H.
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-84-09-10498-7 Medium
Track T8- Social Media in Crises and Conflicts Expedition Conference 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2019)
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 1985
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Author Fabio Ciravegna; Jerry Gao; Chris Ingram; Neil Ireson; Vita Lanfranchi; Humasak Simanjuntak
Title Mapping Mobility to Support Crisis Management Type Conference Article
Year 2018 Publication ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings – 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2018
Volume Issue Pages 305-316
Keywords GIS, mapping, mobility tracking, large scale data, visual analytics.
Abstract In this paper we describe a method and an infrastructure for rapid mapping of mobility patterns, based on a combination of a mobile mobility tracker, a large-scale data collection infrastructure, and a data and visual analytics tool. The combination of the three enables mapping everyday mobility patterns for decision makers, e.g. city council, motorways authorities, etc. and can support emergency responders in improving their preparedness and the recovery in the aftermath of a crisis. The technology is currently employed over very large scale: (i) in England it is used by a public body to incentivise physical mobility (400,000 app downloads and hundreds of millions of data point since September 2017); (ii) in Sheffield UK, through the MoveMore initiative, tracking active mobility of users (5,000 downloads); and (iii) the European project SETA, to track multimodal mobility patterns in three cities (Birmingham, Santander and Turin).
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Rochester Institute of Technology Place of Publication Rochester, NY (USA) Editor Kees Boersma; Brian Tomaszeski
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 978-0-692-12760-5 Medium
Track Geospatial Technologies and Geographic Information Science for Crisis Management (GIS) Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2018 Conference Proceedings - 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 2109
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Author Rego Granlund; Helena Granlund
Title GPS impact on performance, response time and communication – A review of three studies Type Conference Article
Year 2011 Publication 8th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training, ISCRAM 2011 Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2011
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Artificial intelligence; Decision making; Decision support systems; Global positioning system; Information systems; Tracking (position); Command posts; Controlled experiment; Crisis management; Decision makers; Decision supports; Service personnel; University students; Work performance; Human resource management
Abstract This paper describes the basic work performance analysis from three research projects with a goal to investigate the impact of a decision support system that presents global positioning system (GPS) information to the decision makers in crisis management organizations. The goal was to compare the performance between teams that had access to GPS information in the command post with teams that had access only to paper maps. The method used was controlled experiments with the C3Fire micro-world. A total of 304 participants, forming 48 teams, participated in the three studies. The participants came from three different groups, university students, municipal crisis management organizations and rescue service personnel. The result shows that the performance and communication change depending on if the teams used GPS support or paper maps. The result also shows that the participants' background and perceived complexity of the task have an impact on the results.
Address Santa Anna IT Research Institute, Swedish Defence Research Agency, Linköping, Sweden
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Lisbon Editor M.A. Santos, L. Sousa, E. Portela
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9789724922478 Medium
Track Advanced Research Methods and Unconventional Results Expedition Conference 8th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 543
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Author Erkki Kurkinen; Helen T. Sullivan; Markku Häkkinen; Markku Lauttamus
Title Optimizing mobile social media interfaces for rapid internal communication by emergency services Type Conference Article
Year 2010 Publication ISCRAM 2010 – 7th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: Defining Crisis Management 3.0, Proceedings Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2010
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Emergency services; Human computer interaction; Information systems; Law enforcement; Social networking (online); Tracking (position); User interfaces; Geolocations; Interaction methods; Internal communications; Mobile social medias; Operational efficiencies; Situational awareness; Social media; Social media concepts; Mobile devices
Abstract Social media tools are seeing use in crisis situations. Authorities have recognized the value of such tools and are beginning to use services such as Facebook and Twitter to disseminate official information. However, the use of the social media concept as an internal, operational tool by emergency services is in its early stages. Current social media tools for mobile devices are of potential value, yet security concerns can render such systems unsuitable for operational use, and the user interface can hinder operational efficiency due to the inheritance of a text based model for input and display. The research to be described is examining interaction methods that may improve the efficiency and usability of mobile device-based social media for operational use by police services. A Twitter like model for police activity reports can provide a means for enhanced situational awareness for police command authorities, and for individual officers or patrol units engaged in the “professional” media interchanges. The proposed model, SUMO, is based on a hybrid symbolic and text interface to rapidly enter status, integrated with geolocation, and sensor-based data to automatically capture key information, and thereby minimizing the amount effort required create a complete status update.
Address University of Jyväskylä, Finland; Rider University, United States
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Seattle, WA Editor S. French, B. Tomaszewski, C. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN Medium
Track Human-Computer Interaction Expedition Conference 7th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 665
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Author Jaziar Radianti; Julie Dugdale; Jose J. Gonzalez; Ole-Christoffer Granmo
Title Smartphone sensing platform for emergency management Type Conference Article
Year 2014 Publication ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2014
Volume Issue Pages 379-383
Keywords Civil defense; Disasters; Hazards; Information systems; Intelligent systems; Learning systems; Mobile phones; Pattern recognition; Risk management; Sensors; Signal encoding; Emergency management; Human Tracking; Human-centered computing; Mobile sensing; Publish-subscribe; Smartphones
Abstract The increasingly sophisticated sensors supported by modern smartphones open up novel research opportunities, such as mobile phone sensing. One of the most challenging of these research areas is context-aware and activity recognition. The Smart Rescue project takes advantage of smartphone sensing, processing and communication capabilities to monitor hazards and track people in a disaster. The goal is to help crisis managers and members of the public in early hazard detection, prediction, and in devising risk-minimizing evacuation plans when disaster strikes. In this paper we suggest a novel smartphone-based communication framework. It uses specific machine learning techniques that intelligently process sensor readings into useful information for the crisis responders. Core to the framework is a content-based publish-subscribe mechanism that allows flexible sharing of sensor data and computation results. We also evaluate a preliminary implementation of the platform, involving a smartphone app that reads and shares mobile phone sensor data for activity recognition.
Address CIEM, University of Agder, Norway; University Pierre Mendès France, Grenoble, France
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher The Pennsylvania State University Place of Publication University Park, PA Editor S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih.
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780692211946 Medium
Track Intelligent Systems Expedition Conference 11th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 864
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Author Leon J.M. Rothkrantz
Title Crisis management using multiple camera surveillance systems Type Conference Article
Year 2013 Publication ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings – 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2013
Volume Issue Pages 617-626
Keywords Disasters; Information systems; Object recognition; Crisis management; License plate recognition; Multiple cameras; Semi-automatics; Surveillance systems; Tracking algorithm; Video surveillance; Video surveillance systems; Security systems
Abstract During recent disasters such as tsunami, flooding, hurricanes, nuclear disaster, earthquake people have to leave their living areas for their own safety. But it proves that some people are not informed about the evacuation, or are not willing or able to leave or don't know how to leave the hazardous areas. The topic of the paper is how to adapt current video surveillance systems along highway and streets to semi-automatic surveillance systems. When a suspicious event is detected a human operator in the control room has to be alerted to take appropriate actions. The architecture of the system and main modules are presented in the paper. Different algorithms to detect localize and track people are published by the authors elsewhere but are summarized in the current paper. The system has been tested in a real life environment and the test results are presented in the paper.
Address Delft University of Technology, Netherlands Defense Academy, Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Place of Publication KIT; Baden-Baden Editor T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9783923704804 Medium
Track Intelligent Systems Expedition Conference 10th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 892
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Author Tobias Andersson Granberg; Carl-Oscar Jonson; Erik Prytz; Krisjanis Steins; Martin Waldemarsson
Title Sensor Requirements for Logistics Analysis of Emergency Incident Sites Type Conference Article
Year 2020 Publication ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2020
Volume Issue Pages 952-960
Keywords Sensors; Emergency Response Planning; Tracking; Team Interaction
Abstract Using sensors to collect data at emergency incident sites can facilitate analysis of the logistic operations. This can be used to improve planning and preparedness for new operations. Furthermore, real-time information from the sensors can serve as operational decision support. In this work in progress, we investigate the requirements on the sensors, and on the sensor data, to facilitate such an analysis. Through observations of exercises, the potential of using sensors for data collection is explored, and the requirements are considered. The results show that the potential benefits are significant, especially for tracking patients, and understanding the interaction between the response actors. However, the sensors need to be quite advanced in order to capture the necessary data.
Address Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology; Linköping University, Center for Disaster Medicine and Traumatology, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences; Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science; Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology; Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Amanda Hughes; Fiona McNeill; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-27-85 ISBN 2411-3471 Medium
Track Technologies for First Responders Expedition Conference 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes tobias.andersson.granberg@liu.se Approved no
Call Number Serial 2286
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Author Vimala Nunavath; Jaziar Radianti; Tina Comes; Andreas Prinz
Title Visualization of Information Flows and Exchanged Information: Evidence from an indoor fire game Type Conference Article
Year 2015 Publication ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2015
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Emergency Management; information flow; information tracking; Situational Awareness; visualization
Abstract Understanding information flows is essential to improve coordination information systems. Aims of such systems are typically reducing information overload and improving situational awareness. Yet, there is a lack of intuitive and easily understandable tools that help to structure and visualize the ad hoc information flows that occur during search and rescue operations. In this paper, we present the concept of such an analysis, and present findings from an indoor serious fire game. For this game, we describe the interactions of Emergency Responders (ER), including individual information (over-)load, and descriptions of content of communications. This approach therefore provides an effective way to learn about active teams, information flows, exchanged information, and overload.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher University of Agder (UiA) Place of Publication Kristiansand, Norway Editor L. Palen; M. Buscher; T. Comes; A. Hughes
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9788271177881 Medium
Track Human Centred Design and Evaluation Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved yes
Call Number Serial 1221
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Author Øyvind Hanssen
Title Position Tracking in Voluntary Search and Rescue Operations Type Conference Article
Year 2015 Publication ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2015
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords GPS Tracking; Operational Picture; SAR; volunteers
Abstract This paper describes how enthusiasts from the radio-amateur and red-cross communities developed and applied position tracking to search and rescue services in Norway. This was based on the APRS standard which has been used by radio-amateurs for some time.

The document describes how radio-amateurs designed a tracking device which was robust and simple to use along with a web-based online service, a map server, to display positions along with other geographical information on electronic maps. The software for the tracker and the map server is free and open source. This system has been used in a number of search and rescue missions in Norway since 2009, to support decisions making in the command and control centre.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher University of Agder (UiA) Place of Publication Kristiansand, Norway Editor L. Palen; M. Buscher; T. Comes; A. Hughes
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9788271177881 Medium
Track Geospatial Data and Geographical Information Science Expedition Conference ISCRAM 2015 Conference Proceedings 12th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 1211
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Author Øyvind Hanssen
Title Improving Trails from GPS Trackers with Unreliable and Limited Communication Channels Type Conference Article
Year 2021 Publication ISCRAM 2021 Conference Proceedings – 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal Iscram 2021
Volume Issue Pages 489-502
Keywords GPS tracking, trails, Search and Rescue, APRS
Abstract In this document we explore position tracking in the context of land based search and rescue operations, where we also may have a limited and unreliable communication channel. This is the case when using APRS (amateur radio tracking) in voluntary SAR services in Norway. We have looked more closely into trails of movements and how to plot these on the map to present informative real-time pictures to the incident commanders. A simple scheme is proposed to improve trails by piggybacking positions at the end of regular transmissions.Experiments show that a significant amount of positions are recovered. In some cases this can recover useful information, though it depends on the actual situation.
Address Nord University
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Virginia Tech Place of Publication Blacksburg, VA (USA) Editor Anouck Adrot; Rob Grace; Kathleen Moore; Christopher W. Zobel
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 978-1-949373-61-5 ISBN Medium
Track Geospatial Technologies and Geographic Information Science for Crisis Management (GIS) Expedition Conference 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Notes ohanssen@acm.org Approved no
Call Number ISCRAM @ idladmin @ Serial 2350
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