||Current crisis management training, at the strategic level, is predominantly focused on two approaches, table-top exercises and large-scale physical simulations. Unfortunately, neither of these approaches provides the necessary realism to accurately prepare trainees for the stress, volume and speed of decision-making required in an actual crisis situation. The development of virtual environments, rich multimedia, and games technologies has resulted in considerable work in developing new training support tools. Some of this work has introduced more realistic stress into the training environment, but to date there has been no systematic approach to the creation and management of stress in crisis management training. The Pandora project has built from existing models taken from crisis management Gold Commander training, timeline-based event network modelling, augmented and virtual reality serious games environments, affective computing research, and emotional ambience models from film and TV, to develop a rich multimedia training environment offering just such an approach. Â© 2012 ISCRAM.