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Author (up) Douglas A. Samuelson; Matthew Parker; Austin Zimmerman; Loren Miller; Stephen Guerin; Joshua Thorp; Owen Densmore pdf  isbn
  Title Agent-based simulations of mass egress after Improvised Explosive Device attacks Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Abbreviated Journal ISCRAM 2008  
  Volume Issue Pages 59-70  
  Keywords Computer simulation; Recreation centers; Stadiums; Subway stations; Agent based simulation; Department of Homeland Security; Emergency preparedness; Event management; Improvised explosive devices; Mass egress; Real-time information systems; Science and Technology; Information systems  
  Abstract For the Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) of the U. S. Department of Homeland Security, we developed agent-based computer simulation models of mass egress from a stadium and a subway station following one or more attacks with Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs.) Anti-IED countermeasures we modeled included improved guidance to exits, baffles to absorb shock and shrapnel, and, for the stadium, egress onto the playing field. We found improved real-time information systems that provide better guidance to exits would substantially expedite egress and could reduce secondary (trampling and crush) casualties. Our results indicate that models like these can be useful aids to selecting countermeasures, and for training, preparation and exercises. We also discuss the unusual problems such models pose for real-time event management and for validation and evaluation.  
  Address Serco, United Kingdom; ANSER, United Kingdom; Homeland Security Institute, United States; Redfish Group, United Kingdom  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM Place of Publication Washington, DC Editor F. Fiedrich, B. Van de Walle  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2411-3387 ISBN 9780615206974 Medium  
  Track Virtual Systems for Emergency Management Simulation & Training Expedition Conference 5th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 908  
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