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Yingjie Li, Seoyeon Park, Cornelia Caragea, Doina Caragea, & Andrea Tapia. (2019). Sympathy Detection in Disaster Twitter Data. In Z. Franco, J. J. González, & J. H. Canós (Eds.), Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management. Valencia, Spain: Iscram.
Abstract: Nowadays, micro-blogging sites such as Twitter have become powerful tools for communicating with others in
various situations. Especially in disaster events, these sites can be the best platforms for seeking or providing social
support, of which informational support and emotional support are the most important types. Sympathy, a sub-type
of emotional support, is an expression of one?s compassion or sorrow for a difficult situation that another person
is facing. Providing sympathy to people affected by a disaster can help change people?s emotional states from
negative to positive emotions, and hence, help them feel better. Moreover, detecting sympathy contents in Twitter
can potentially be used for finding candidate donors since the emotion ?sympathy? is closely related to people who
may be willing to donate. Thus, in this paper, as a starting point, we focus on detecting sympathy-related tweets.
We address this task using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) with refined word embeddings. Specifically, we
propose a refined word embedding technique in terms of various pre-trained word vector models and show great
performance of CNNs that use these refined embeddings in the sympathy tweet classification task. We also report
experimental results showing that the CNNs with the refined word embeddings outperform not only traditional
machine learning techniques, such as Naïve Bayes, Support Vector Machines and AdaBoost with conventional
feature sets as bags of words, but also Long Short-Term Memory Networks.
Yuya Shibuya, & Hideyuki Tanaka. (2019). Detecting Disaster Recovery Activities via Social Media Communication Topics. In Z. Franco, J. J. González, & J. H. Canós (Eds.), Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management. Valencia, Spain: Iscram.
Abstract: Enhancing situational awareness by mining social media has been widely studied, but little work has been done
focusing on recovery phases. To provide evidence to support the possibility of harnessing social media as a sensor
of recovery activities, we examine the correlations between topic frequencies on Twitter and people?s socioeconomic
recovery activities as reflected in the excess demand for used cars and housing, after the Great East
Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011. Our research suggests that people in the disaster-stricken area
communicated more about recovery and disaster damages when they needed to purchase used cars, while the nonlocal
population communicated more about going to and supporting the disaster-stricken area. On the other hand,
regarding the excess demand for housing, when the local population of the disaster-stricken area started to resettle,
they communicated their opinions more than in other periods about disaster-related situations.