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Grégoire Burel, Lara S. G. Piccolo, Kenny Meesters, & Harith Alani. (2017). DoRES -- A Three-tier Ontology for Modelling Crises in the Digital Age. In eds Aurélie Montarnal Matthieu Lauras Chihab Hanachi F. B. Tina Comes (Ed.), Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management (pp. 834–845). Albi, France: Iscram.
Abstract: During emergency crises it is imperative to collect, organise, analyse and share critical information between individuals and humanitarian organisations. Although dierent models and platforms have been created for helping these particular issues, existing work tend to focus on only one or two of the previous matters. We propose the DoRES ontology for representing information sources, consolidating it into reports and then, representing event situation based on reports. Our approach is guided by the analysis of 1) the structure of a widely used situation awareness platform; 2) stakeholder interviews, and; 3) the structure of existing crisis datasets. Based on this, we extract 102 dierent competency questions that are then used for specifying and implementing the new three-tiers crisis model. We show that the model can successfully be used for mapping the 102 dierent competency questions to the classes, properties and relations of the implemented ontology.