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Sofia Kostakonti, Ramona Velea, Vassilis Papataxiarhis, Daniele Del Bianco, Uberto Delprato, & Stathes Hadjiefthymiades. (2021). A semantic approach for modeling vulnerability of communities. In Anouck Adrot, Rob Grace, Kathleen Moore, & Christopher W. Zobel (Eds.), ISCRAM 2021 Conference Proceedings – 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (pp. 305–318). Blacksburg, VA (USA): Virginia Tech.
Abstract: In this paper, we propose the use of semantic technologies for the representation of concepts and relationships required for the modeling of vulnerability data for local communities. First, we discuss the concepts of vulnerability and resilience and we try to identify the relationship between the two. We provide some background knowledge and we present basic characteristics of the two concepts. Next, we discuss the motivation behind the use of semantic technologies, and we show how the proposed framework can address existing challenges in terms of vulnerability assessment. The core part of this paper focuses on the semantic representation of community vulnerability aspects. We give an overview of the layered semantic framework consisting of interconnected ontological models and we provide a set of use-cases where the use of semantic-based modeling and query answering can prove beneficial in terms of assessing vulnerability.