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Amanda L. Hughes, Leysia Palen, Jeannette N. Sutton, Sophia B. Liu, & Sara Vieweg. (2008). Site-seeing in disaster: An examination of on-line social convergence. In B. V. de W. F. Fiedrich (Ed.), Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (pp. 324–333). Washington, DC: Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM.
Abstract: On-line websites and applications are increasingly playing a role in disaster response and recovery. Yet with the wide variety of on-line grassroots activities that occur in such situations, it can be difficult to make sense of them. In this paper, we describe on-line behavior as socially convergent activity, interpreting it within existing sociological understandings of behavior in disaster events. We discuss seven types of convergent behavior and give examples of on-line activities for each type. By seeing these activities as an essential part of the disaster social arena, we can begin to think about how to support socially convergent phenomena in new and creative ways.