|Home||<< 1 >>|
Nitesh Bharosa, Marijn Janssen, Raghav H. Rao, & JinKyu Lee. (2008). Adaptive information orchestration: Architectural principles improving information quality. In B. V. de W. F. Fiedrich (Ed.), Proceedings of ISCRAM 2008 – 5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (pp. 556–565). Washington, DC: Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM.
Abstract: Effective responsiveness to disasters requires the management of information in a network of autonomous response agencies. Yet, the information quality is often insufficient. Information is scattered throughout the network and needs to be collected from heterogeneous information sources. As such, adaptive information orchestration is the key to effective response. The aim of this paper is to develop a prescriptive, conceptual architecture guided by architectural principles for orchestration aimed at improving information quality. Information orchestration refers to an information architecture in which multiple orchestrators match information supply according to the information demand in order to assure a high information quality for relief workers. A primarily element is that information needs to be 'enriched' before it is provided to relief workers and necessary resources (human, information and technology) should be available to accomplish this. This should ensure that the right information will be delivered to the right persons at the right moment. Future research is aimed at detailing the concept of information orchestration.
Keywords: Architecture; Information analysis; Information systems; Network architecture; Adaptivity; Architectural principles; Heterogeneous information sources; Information and technologies; Information architectures; Information quality; Orchestration; Rotterdam; Information management
Bruno S. N., Adriana S. Vivacqua, & Marcos R.S. Borges. (2016). A Conceptual Architecture to handle the influx of information in Emergency Situations. In A. Tapia, P. Antunes, V.A. Bañuls, K. Moore, & J. Porto (Eds.), ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings ? 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.
Abstract: Emergency situations are characterized by their complexity and the heterogeneity of the available information. Emergency managers are frequently confronted with redundant or irrelevant information, causing the problem of information overload. Evidence of this problem was identified in an exploratory survey conducted in the Center for Integrated Command and Control of Rio de Janeiro (CICC-RJ). In this paper, we present a conceptual architecture that allows a user to handle this influx of information. From a set of available data, a manager can select those of interest, which can then be transformed and mapped into one or more views, and organized in a dashboard. The whole process is interactive, allowing the manager to redefine his/her dashboard as needed. In addition, we provide collaborative mechanisms, given that, at times, it is not possible for a single user to handle such large datasets alone.
Keywords: Emergency; Heterogeneous Information Sources; Information Integration; Collaboration; Visualization Of Information; Dashboards.
Track: Command and Control Studies
Kelli de Faria Cordeiro, Maria Luiza M Campos, & Marcos R. S. Borges. (2014). Adaptive integration of information supporting decision making: A case on humanitarian logistic. In and P.C. Shih. L. Plotnick M. S. P. S.R. Hiltz (Ed.), ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings – 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (pp. 225–229). University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University.
Abstract: There is an urgent demand for information systems to gather heterogeneous information about needs, donations and warehouse stocks to provide an integrated view for decision making in humanitarian logistics. The dynamic flow of information, due to the unpredicted events, requires adaptive features. The traditional relational data model is not suitable due to its schema rigidity. As an alternative, Graph Data models complemented by semantic representations, like Linked Open Data on the Web, can be used. Based on both, this research proposes an approach for the adaptive integration of information and an associated architecture. An application example is discussed in a real scenario where relief goods are managed through a dynamic and multi-perspective view.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Decision support systems; Information systems; Natural language processing systems; Graph database; Heterogeneous information; Humanitarian logistics; Knowledge integration; Linked open datum; Multi-perspective views; Relational data models; Semantic representation; Decision making
Track: Decision Support Systems
Sebastian Kurowski, Heiko Roßnagel, Jan Zibuschka, & Wolf Engelbach. (2012). A concept for interoperability of security systems in public transport. In Z.Franco J. R. L. Rothkrantz (Ed.), ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings – 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. Vancouver, BC: Simon Fraser University.
Abstract: In the field of public transport, operators and first responders collaborate in the prevention of and reaction to security issues. In order to optimise their specific daily operational business needs in a timely manner heterogeneous information and communication systems are deployed. In case of an incident however it is crucial that the various involved parties exchange relevant information to develop a shared understanding and act in a coordinated way. Yet, heterogeneous communication and information system infrastructures often hinder this crucial flow of information. To address this shortcoming it is crucial to enable the design of interoperable system-of-systems approaches in this domain. This paper describes a conceptual model to construct system-of-systems environments in the domain of security in public transport. By building on the results of several European research projects this concept offers a starting point for modelling and documenting individual systems inside a system-of-systems architecture. Â© 2012 ISCRAM.
Keywords: Information systems; European research project; Heterogeneous communication; Heterogeneous information; Operational business; Public transport; Security; Shared understanding; System-of-systems architecture; Interoperability
Track: Open Track